Research FacilitiesThe Biomedical and Biological Anthropology Research Facilities provide research, teaching and training support to faculty and students in the program, as well as students, colleagues and post-doctoral fellows outside the Department of Anthropology who collaborate with program faculty. A total of nine facilities (described below) add a unique research and training dimension to the program. The facilities are located in both Science 1 and Science 3 buildings and consist of five wet and four dry laboratories.
The wet laboratories are recently renovated state-of-the-art facilities for microbial, cellular and molecular studies at biosafety levels 1, 2 and 3, and for forensic DNA identification and ancient DNA studies. The dry laboratories are for paleontological, osteological, physiological, morphological (growth) and epidemiological studies.
A large amount of research is conducted through these facilities and their collections. The research represented is international in scope and much is connected with ongoing field research programs in Latin America (Venezuela and Brazil), Europe (Republic of Georgia, Ukraine), East Asia (Cambodia, China, Siberia), the Pacific Islands (Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Mariana Islands, Caroline Islands, Samoa), Africa (Kenya, South Africa), the Caribbean (Saba Island) and the USA.
Biomedical Anthropology and Neurosciences Laboratory
This facility consist of biosafety level 2/3 wet laboratories with a focus on cellular and molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration in late onset disorders such as Guam ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease), Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and infectious diseases of unknown etiology. Facilities include a suite of three labs for tissue culture and PCR, light microscopy and molecular biology.
This research facility allows students to work with skeletons on loan from museums. Current research encompasses the broad fields of paleodemography; paleopathology including infectious diseases, trauma and anemia; and taphonomy. The lab is fully equipped with osteometrics tools, microscopes and computers.
Forensic Anthropology Laboratory
The facilities consist of a full-sized teaching laboratory, a large research laboratory and a secure evidence room. Teaching materials include 20 complete human skeletons, casts, comparative faunal material and pathological specimens. The research laboratory is fully equipped for forensic casework and research in taphonomy, trauma, biomechanics and osteology. The lab includes microscopes, computers, osteometrics equipment, casts, fume hoods and an x-ray machine.
Forensic DNA Identification Laboratory
This facility is dedicated to forensic DNA identification to complement existing forensic casework in the department. It is, by necessity, a separate functional laboratory removed from the possibility of cross-contamination from other ongoing DNA research.
Human Adaptability and Human Variation Laboratory
This facility is a primary teaching laboratory for international health, epidemiology, and physiological and morphological variation in human populations. Training equipment is currently available for various blood physiological studies, blood glucose levels, respiratory function, temperature regulation, morphological growth and skin reflectometry.
Evolutionary Anthropology and Health Laboratory
This facility consists of wet labs for both ancient and modern DNA research with the latest direct sequencing and PCR equipment. The facility also includes ongoing research in pharmacogenetics and malaria based on individual and population variation to pharmacological agents.
Molecular Anthropology and Ancient DNA Laboratory
The facilities consist of wet lab and analytical computer lab space. Facilities include ancient DNA extraction and PCR labs, as well as separate contemporary DNA extraction, PCR and genotyping labs. Equipment is available for direct sequencing of DNA, SNP discovery and for SNP-, RFLP- and STR-typing, as well as for the analysis of these data.
Paleoanthropology and Skeletal Biology Laboratory
This facility houses extensive skeletal material, including skulls and mounted skeletons of monkeys, apes and other nonhuman primates. Human skeletal research and teaching resources include mounted skeletons, a number of unmounted skeletons and a variety of skeletal specimens. Paleoanthropological resources include casts of most of the major hominid fossils that can be used for both teaching and research.