Anthropology Faculty

J. Koji Lum  J. Koji Lum

   Professor of Anthropology
   PhD, University of Hawai'i, Manoa 1995
   Molecular Anthropologist / Evolutionary Biologist
                         Science 1, Room 115A
                         Curriculum Vitae (PDF 169KB)

Research Interests

J. Koji Lum, professor of anthropology and biological sciences and director of the Laboratory of Evolutionary Anthropology and Health (LEAH), is a molecular anthropologist and evolutionary biologist whose research focuses on the origins, interactions, and resulting genetic characteristics of Pacific Island populations; the evolution of Plasmodium falciparum malaria drug resistance; malaria epidemiology of Melanesia, Southeast Asia, and Africa; interactions among modernization, technology adoption, and infectious and chronic diseases; ancient DNA; evolution of mineral embedded microbial communities; forensic genetics; animal and plant domestication; behavioral genetics; diet, behavior and microbiome diversity; and molecular evolution.

The Laboratory of Evolutionary Anthropology and Health (LEAH)

LEAH includes two laboratory suites on separate floors. The main population genetics laboratory is equipped with high throughput DNA extraction, PCR, and Sanger sequencing capabilities and the second laboratory is designed for low quantity ancient and environmental DNA extraction.

Scientific Publications

Olszowy KM, Pomer A, Dancause KN, Sun C, Silverman H, Lee G, Chan CW, Tarivonda L, Regenvanu R, Kaneko A, Weitz CA, Lum JK, and RM Garruto (2015) Impact of modernization on adult body composition on five islands of varying economic development in Vanuatu. American Journal of Human Biology doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22734

Chan CW, Sakihama N, Tachibana S, Idris ZM, Lum JK, Tanabe K, and A Kaneko (2015) Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum at the Crossroads of Exchange among Islands in Vanuatu: Implications for Malaria Elimination Strategies. PLoS One. 10(3): e0119475

Watanabe N, Kaneko A, Yamar S, Leodoro H, Taleo G, Tanihata T, Lum JK, and PS Larson (2014) Determinants of the use of insecticide-treated bed nets on islands of pre- and post-malaria elimination: an application of the health belief model in Vanuatu. Malaria Journal. 13:441.

Veiga MI, Osório NS, Ferreira PE, Franzén O, Dahlstrom S, Lum JK, Nosten F, and JP Gil (2014) Complex polymorphisms in the Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 2 gene and its contribution to antimalarial response. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 58:7390-7.

Sankaranarayanan K, Lowenstein TK, Timofeeff MN, Schubert BA, and JK Lum (2014) Characterization of ancient DNA supports long-term survival of Haloarchaea. Astrobiology. 14:553-60.

Vilar MG, CW Chan, DR Santos, D Lynch, RM Garrutto, and JK Lum (2013) The origins and genetic distinctiveness of the Chamorros of the Marianas Islands: an mtDNA perspective. American Journal of Human Biology 25:116-22

Dancause, KN, M Vilar, M Wilson, LE Soloway, C DeHuff, C Chan, L Tarivonda, R Reganvanu, A Kaneko, JK Lum, andRM Garruto (2013) Behavioral risk factors for obesity during the health transition in Vanuatu, South Pacific. Obesity 21:E98-E104

Chan, CW, R Spathis, DM Reiff, SE McGrath, RM Garruto, and JK Lum (2012)Diversity of Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine reistance transporter (pfcrt) exon 2 haplotype in the Pacific from 1959 to 1979. PLoS One 7:e30213

Dreber, A, DG Rand, N Wernerfelt, J Garcia, MG Vilar, JK Lum, and R Zeckhauser (2011) Dopamine and risk choices in different domains: Findings among serious bridge players. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 43:19-38

Dancause, KN, M Vilar, C Chan, C Dehuff, M Wilson, LE Soloway, L Tarivonda, R Regenvanu, A Kaneko, RM Garruto, and JK Lum (2012) Patterns of childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity during health transition in Vanuatu. Public Health Nutrition 15:158-66

Sankaranarayanan, K, MN Timofeeff, R Spathis, TK Lowenstein, and JK Lum (2011) Ancient microbes from halite fluid inclusions: optimized surface sterilization and DNA extraction. PLoS One 6:e20683

Reiff DM, R Spathis, CW Chan, MG Vilar, K Sankaranarayanan, D Lynch, E Ehrlich, S Kerath, R Chowdhury, L Robinowitz , JK Lum, and RM Garruto (2011) Inherited and somatic mitochondrial DNA mutations in Guam amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and parkinsonism-dementia. Neurol Sci 32 :883-92

Carpenter, JP, JR Garcia, and JK Lum (2011) Dopamine receptor genes predict risk preferences, time preferences, and related economic choices Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 42:233-61

Dancause, KN, M Vilar, R Steffy, and JK Lum (2011) Characterization genetic diversity of contemporary Pacifc chickens using mitochondrial DNA analysis. PLoS One 6:e16843

Dancause, KN, C DeHuff, LE Soloway, M Vilar, C Chan, M Wilson, L Tarivonda, R Reganvanu, A Kaneko, RM Garruto, and JK Lum (2011) Behavioral changes associated with economic development in the South Pacific: Health transition in Vanuatu. American Journal of Human Biology 23:366-76

Garcia, JR, J MacKillop, EL Aller, AM Merriwether, DS Wilson, and JK Lum (2011) Associations between dopamine D4 receptor gene variation with both infidelity and sexual promiscuity. PLoS One 5:e14162

Dancause, KN, M Vilar, C DeHuff, M Wilson, LE Soloway, C Chan, JK Lum, and RM Garruto (2010) Relationships between body size and percentage body fat among Melanesians in Vanuatu. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 19:425-431

Dreber, A, DG Rand, N Wernerfelt, JR Garcia, MG Vilar , JK Lum, and R Zeckhauser (2010) Dopamine and risk choices in different domains: Findings among serious tournament bridge players. Cognitive Neuroscience eJournal

Cambell, BC, A Dreber, CL Apicella, DTA Eisenberg, PB Gray, AC Little, JR Garcia, RS Zamore, and JK Lum (2010) Testosterone exposure, dopamanergic reward, and sensation-seeking in young men. Physiology & Behavior 99:451-456

Eisenberg, DTA, CL Apicella, BC Campbell, A Dreber, JR Garcia, and JK Lum (2010) Assortative human pair-bonding for partner ancestry and allelic variation of the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 5:194-202

Dreber, A, C Apicella, D Eisenberg, J Garcia, R Zamore, JK Lum, and B Campbell (2009) The 7R polymorphism in the dopamine receptor D4 gene (DRD4) is associated with financial risk-taking in men. Evolution and Human Behavior 30:85-92

Dancause, KN, C Chan, NH Arunotai, and JK Lum (2009) Origins of the Moken Sea Gypsies inferred from mitochondrial hypervariable region and whole genome sequences. Journal of Human Genetics 54:86-93

Spathis, R, and JK Lum (2008) An Updated Validation of Promega’s PowerPlex® 16 System: High Through-Put Databasing on Applied Biosystem’s 96 Capillary 3730xl DNA Analyzer. Journal of Forensic Sciences 53:1353-7

Vilar, MG, A Kaneko, FW Hombhanje, T Tsukahara, I Hwaihwanje, and JK Lum (2008) Reconstructing the origin of the Lapita Cultural Complex: mtDNA analyses of East Sepik Province, PNG. Journal of Human Genetics 53:698-708

Lynch D, C Wanglund, R Spathis, CW Chan, DM Reiff, JK Lum, and RM Garruto (2008) The contribution of mitochondrial dysfunction to a gene-environment model of Guamanian ALS and PD. Mitochondrion 8:109-116

MacKillop J, JG Murphy, LA Ray, DTA Eisenberg, SA Lisman, JK Lum, and DS Wilson (2008) Further Validation of a Cigarette Purchase Task for Assessing the Relative Reinforcing Efficacy of Nicotine in College Smokers. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 16:57-65

Eisenberg, DTA, B Campbell, J MacKillop, JK Lum and DS Wilson. (2007) Season of birth and dopamine receptor gene associations with impulsivity, sensation seeking and reproductive behaviors. PLoS ONE. 2:e1216.

Eisenberg DTA, B Campbell, J MacKillop, M Modi, D Dang, JK Lum, DS Wilson (2007) Polymorphisms in the Dopamine D4 and D2 Receptor Genes and Reproductive and Sexual Behaviors. Evolutionary Psychology 5:696-715

Lum JK, A Kaneko, G Taleo, M Amos, DM Reiff (2007) Genetic diversity and gene flow of humans, Plasmodium falciparum, and Anopheles farauti s.s. of Vanuatu: Inferred malaria dispersal and implications for malaria control. Acta Tropica 103:102-107

Reiff DM, A Kaneko, G Taleo, M Amos, JK Lum (2007) Population structure and gene flow of Anopheles farauti (Diptera Culicidae) among ten sites on five islands of Vanuatu: Implications for malaria control. Journal of Medical Entomology 44:601-607

Eisenberg DTA, J MacKillop, M Modi, J Beauchemin, D Dang, SA Lisman, JK Lum and DS Wilson (2007) Examining Impulsivity as an Endophenotype Using a Behavioral Approach: A DRD2 TaqI A and DRD4 48-bp VNTR Association Study. Behavioral and Brain Functions 3:2

Lum JK, JK McIntyre, DL Greger, KW Huffman, and MG Vilar (2006) Recent Southeast Asian domestication and Lapita dispersal of sacred male pseudohermaphroditic “tuskers” and hairless pigs of Vanuatu. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103:17190-17195

Chan CW, RM Garruto, JK Lum (2006) Paleoparasite populations from archived sera: Insights into Chloroquine drug resistance in Papua New Guinea. Journal of Infectious Disease194:1023-1024

Chan CW, D Lynch, R Spathis, RM Garruto, and JK Lum (2006) Flashback to the 60s: Utility of archived sera to explore the origin and evolution of Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance in the Pacific. Acta Tropica 99:15-22

Mita T, Kaneko A, Hombhanje F, Hwaihwanje I, Takahashi N, Osawa H, Tsukahara T, Masta A, Lum JK, Kobayakawa T, Ishizaki T, Bjorkman A. (2006) Role of pfmdr1 mutations on chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum isolates with pfcrt K76T from Papua New Guinea. Acta Tropica 98:137-44

Tsukahara T, FW Hombhanje, JK Lum, I Hwaihwanje, A Masta, A Kaneko, and T Kobayakawa (2006) Austronesian origin of the 27 base pair deletion of the erythrocyte band 3 gene in East Sepik, Papua New Guinea inferred from mtDNA analysis. Journal of Human Genetics 51:244-248

Ubalee, R, T Tsukahara, M Kikuchi, JK Lum, M Dzodzomenyo, A Kaneko, and K Hirayama (2005) TNF-a promoter polymorphism and malaria in Vanuatu. Tropical Medicine and International Health 10:544-549

Hombhanje FW, I Hwaihwanje, T Tsukahara, J Saruwatari, M Nakagawa, H Osawa, MM Paniu, N Takahashi, JK Lum, B Aumora, A Masta, M Sapuri, T Kobayakawa, A Kaneko, and T Ishizaki (2005) The disposition of oral amodiaquine in Papua New Guinean children with falciparum malaria. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 59:298-301

Akhwale,WS, JK Lum, A Kaneko, H Eto, C Obonyo, A Björkman, and T Kobayakawa (2004) Anemia and unstable malaria at different altitudes in the western highlands of Kenya. Acta Tropica 91:167-175

Mita, T, A Kaneko, JK Lum, IL Zungu, T Tsukahara, H Eto, T Kobayakawa, A Björkman, and K Tanabe (2004) Expansion of wild type allele rather than back mutation in Pfcrt explains the recent recovery of chloroquine sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum in Malawi. Molecular Biochemistry and Parasitology 135:159-163

Cann, RL and JK Lum (2004) Dispersal Ghosts in Oceania. Am J Hum Biol, 16:1-12

Wirth, T, X Wang, RP Novick, JK Lum, M Blaser, D Falush, and M Achtman (2004) Deciphering recent human history via sequencesfrom Helicobacter pylori: lessons from the Ladakh. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 101:4746-4751

Lum, JK, A Kaneko, K Tanabe, N Takahashi, A Björkman, and T Kobayakawa (2004) Malaria dispersal among islands: human and Plasmodium falciparum gene flow in Vanuatu. Acta Tropica, 90:181-185

Masta, A, JK Lum, T Tsukahara, I Hwaihwanje, A Kaneko, MM Paniu, M Sapuri, N Takahashi, T Ishizaki, T Kobayakawa, and FW Hombhanje (2003) Analysis of Sepik populations of Papua New Guinea suggests an increase of CYP2C19 null allele frequencies during the colonization of Melanesia. Pharmacogenetics, 13:697-700

Yusuf, I, MW Djojosubroto, R Ikawati, K Lum, A Kaneko, and S Marzuki (2003) Ethnic and Geographical Distributions of CYP2C19 Alleles in the Populations of Southeast Asia. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 531:37-46

Mita,T, A Kaneko, JK Lum, B Bwijo, M Takechi, IL Zungu, T Tsukahara, T Kobayakawa, K Tanabe, and A Bjorkman (2003) Recovery of chloroquine sensitivity and low prevalence of pfcrt K76T following the withdrawal of chloroquine in Malawi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 68:413-415

Bwijo, B, A Kaneko, M Takechi, IL Zungu, Y Moriyama, JK Lum, T Tsukahara, T Mita, N Takahashi, Y Bergqvist, A Björkman, and T Kobayakawa (2003a) High prevalence of quintuple mutant dhps/dhfr genes in Plasmodium falciparum infections seven years after introduction of sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine as first line treatment in Malawi. Acta Tropica, 85:363-373

Bwijo, B, A Kaneko, JK Lum, IL Zungu, T Tsukahara, T Mita, and T Kobayakawa (2003b) Antimalarial Drug Efficacy in Plasmodium falciparum Infections in Malawi, Seven Years After Switching From Chloroquine to Sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine. Journal of Tokyo Women's Medical University, 73:1-13

Lum, JK, LB Jorde, and W Schiefenhovel (2002) Affinities among Melanesians, Micronesians, and Polynesians: a neutral, biparental genetic perspective. Human Biology 74(3): 413-430

Ciminelli BM, F Pompei1, M Relucenti, JK Lum, J Simpore, G Spedini, C Martínez- Labarga, and M Pardo (2002) Confirmation of the potential usefulness of two human beta globin pseudogene markers to estimate gene flows to and from sub- saharan Africans. Human Biology,74(2): 243-252

Bwijo, B, A Kaneko, T Tsukahara, M Takechi, JK Lum, and T Kobayakawa (2001) Findings of decreased chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum isolates of Malawi. Clinical Parasitology, 12: 145-147

Handoko, HY, JK Lum, Gustiani, Rismalia, H Kartapradja, ASM Sofro, and S Marzuki (2001) Length variations in the COII-tRNALys intergenic region of mitochondrial DNA in Indonesian populations. Human Biology, 73(2): 205-223

Lum, JK (2001) Comment to Terrell, JE, KM Kelly, and P Rainbird. Forgone conclusions? An analysis of the concepts of "Austronesians" and "Papuans". Current Anthropology, 42: 97-124

Lum, JK and RL Cann (2000) mtDNA lineage analyses: origins and migrations of Micronesians and Polynesians. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 113(2): 151-168

Lum, JK, M Nikaido, M Shimamura, H Shimodaira, AM Shedlock, N Okada, and M Hasegawa. (2000) Consistency of SINE insertion topology and flanking sequence tree: Quantifying relationships among Cetartiodactyls. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 17(10):1417-1424

Weisler, M, JK Lum, S Collins, and W Kimoto (2000) Status, health, and ancestry of a late prehistoric burial from Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands. Micronesica, 32: 191-200

Kaneko, A, JK Lum, J Yaviong, Y Takahashi, T Ishizaki, L Bertilsson, T Kobayashi, and A Bjorkman (1999) High and variable frequencies of CYP2C19 mutations:  medical consequences of poor drug metabolism in Vanuatu and other Pacific islands. Pharmacogenetics, 9(5): 581-590

Rickards, O, C Martinex-Labarga, JK Lum, GF De Stefano, and RL Cann (1999) Mitochondrial DNA history of the Cayapa Amerinds of Ecuador: detection of additional founding lineages for the native American populations. American Journal of Human Genetics, 65(2): 519-530

Watkins, WS, M Bamshad, ME Dixon, B Bhaskara Rao, JM Naidu, PG Reddy, BVR Prasad, PK Das, PC Reddy, PB Gai, A Bhanu, YS Kusuma, JK Lum, P Fischer, and LB Jorde (1999) Multiple origins of the mtDNA 9-bp deletion in populations of South India. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 109(2): 147-158

Sugimura, H, T Kohno, K Wakai, K Nagura, K Genka, H Igarashi, BJ Morris, S Baba, Y Ohno, CM Gao, ZY Li, JD Wang, T Takezaki, K Tajima, T Varga, T Sawaguchi, JK Lum, JJ Martinson, S Tsugane, T Iwamasa, K Shinmura, J Yukota (1999) hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism and lung cancer susceptibility. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 8: 669-674

Lum JK, RL Cann, JJ Martinson, and LB Jorde (1998) Mitochondrial and nuclear genetic relationships among Pacific island and Asian populations. American Journal of Human Genetics, 63(2): 613-624

Lum, JK (1998) Central and Eastern Micronesia: Genetics, the overnight voyage, and linguistic divergence. Man and Culture in Oceania, 14: 69-80

Lum, JK, and RL Cann (1998) mtDNA and language support a common origin of Micronesians and Polynesians in island Southeast Asia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 105: 109-119

Cann, RL, and JK Lum (1996) Mitochondrial myopia: Reply to Bonatto et al. American Journal of Human Genetics, 59: 256-258

Lum, JK, O Rickards, C Ching, and RL Cann (1994) Polynesian mitochondrial DNAs reveal three deep maternal lineage clusters. Human Biology, 66(4): 567-590


Last Updated: 8/2/16