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Incorporating Reflection Into Your Service-Learning Course


What is reflection?

“The term structured reflection is used to refer to a thoughtfully constructed process that challenges and guides students in (1) examining critical issues related to their service-learning project, (2) connecting the service experience to coursework, (3) enhancing the development of civic values and skills, (4) assisting students in finding personal relevance in the work.” (Definition from “Using Structured Reflection to Enhance Learning from Service”; Campus Compact).

Reflection activities provide a method or methods for students to process what they learned through the service experience, and how those experiences relate to academic course content. They also provide the time and opportunity for students and community partners to grow and evolve as a result of their experiences in the service-learning course. 


Below is a list of service-learning resources on reflection.
  • Campus Compact. (2001). Types of reflective activities that can be used in service-learning projects.
    Click here to view article

  • National Service-Learning Clearinghouse’s “Reflection in Higher Education Service Learning”
    Click here to view article

  • Bringle, R. G., & Hatcher, J. A. (1999). Reflection in service-learning. Making meaning of experience. Educational Horizions, 77(4), 179-185
    Click here to view article

  • “Bringle’s Reflection Activities”
    Strategies based on Julie Hatcher and Robert Bringle’s “Reflection Activities for the College Classroom” (IUPUI, 1996).
    Click here to view article

  • Hatcher, J. A. Bringle, R. G., & Muthiah, R. (2004). Designing effective reflection: What matters to service-learning? Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 11(1), 38-46.
    Click here to view article

  • Reed, J., & Koliba, C. Facilitating reflection: A manual for leaders and educators.
    The manual includes different reflection activities to use with students, as well as additional alternative forms of reflection.
    Click here to view article

  • Service Reflection Toolkit Source: Northwest Service Academy
    Click here to view article

  • Strouse, J. H. (2003). Reflection as a service-learning assessment strategy. Journal of Higher Education Outreach & Engagement, 8(2), 75-88.
    Click here to view article
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Last Updated: 2/8/13