What can I do with this degree? - INFORMATION/LIBRARY SCIENCES
Service to Faculty and Students
Cartographic Information Specialist
Local Area Network Manager
Universities and colleges
Junior and community colleges
Specialized academic programs e.g., seminaries, optometrist programs
Academic librarians may work one-on-one with students and faculty, teach and present seminars, or work in technically- oriented positions such as systems design or database management. Any bachelor's degree in liberal arts is good preparation. Classes in communications, business/management, computer science and statistics can be helpful. Related undergraduate subject degree is useful when working with particular specialties such as art or agriculture. Develop excellent computer skills. Gain experience in business and management to work in administration. Work part-time in a college or university library to gain relevant experience. Earn a master's degree in library or information sciences from a program accredited by the American Library Association (ALA).
SCHOOL LIBRARIES AND MEDIA CENTERS
Administrator (school system level)
K-12 Schools: Public and private
Public school districts
School librarians or media specialists may help teachers develop curricula, prepare
lesson units, team-teach or provide staff development. Many states require a master's
degree in library science and some require a specialty certification or an educational
endorsement. Some states also require teaching certification or student teaching in
a library/media center. Work or volunteer experience related to children and teaching
is useful. Become adept with various technologies and develop strong computer skills. Learn
to work both independently and with groups.
Information and Referral Services
Library services to jails, retirement homes, nursing homes, hospitals, senior centers, etc.
Some librarians specialize in a particular subject area, such as government collections
or technology, or a particular type of materials, such as maps or photography, or
with a special population. Creativity, a flair for drama, and an enjoyment of children
are important for those working in youth services. Courses in child development and
psychology are helpful in this field. Develop a broad liberal arts background and
earn a master's degree in library or information science from an ALA accredited program. Develop
strong computer skills and learn to enjoy working with new technology.
SPECIAL LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION CENTERS
Industrial and scientific collections
Local, state and federal government agencies
Colleges and universities
Museums and art institutions
Advertising and public relations agencies
News organizations and electronic media
Motion picture studios
Trade and professional associations
Special collections librarians generally have interests, skills, and knowledge related
to the collection and may work with a particular population in special libraries,
e.g. lawyers or doctors. Most positions require a bachelor's degree in a field related
to the collection topic, e.g. business, science, art, etc. Some require a graduate
degree in the field. Many law librarians have a Juris Doctor (law degree). Knowledge
of foreign languages may be required in certain fields. Develop skills in research
and a solid background in information technologies.
Earn a master's degree in library or information science from an ALA accredited program.
Information service agencies
Information services professionals provide research and services to corporations,
writers or individuals needing information or references on a particular subject. Expertise
in an industry or subject area may be helpful. Supplement undergraduate curriculum
with courses in business to gain an understanding of marketing principles. Develop
excellent research, writing and organizational skills.
Public, academic and special
Data processing centers
Professionals involved in information systems help organizations with the storage,
retrieval, and management of records or information and support information technology
in an organization. An undergraduate degree in management information systems (MIS)
or computer science is the preferred background before earning a master's in information
science. Build a strong computer background in programming skills using several languages,
various operating systems, database management, software and networks. Increase employment
opportunities through product-related certification or by earning Certified Computing
Professional (CCP) status conferred by the Institute for Certification of Computing
Professionals. CCP's must pass an examination and meet various requirements. Gain
related experience through internships, co-ops or part-time employment. Develop excellent
written and oral communication skills. Learn to work well with both technical and
Distributors of electronic publications, e.g. business firms, universities, nonprofit organizations, professional associations, etc.
Electronic publishers or publishing professionals create and distribute publications
in electronic form. Develop writing skills through classes in English, journalism
or technical writing. Learn advanced website design and programming.
Qualifications important to the field include the ability to work well with people,
good written and oral communication skills, intelligence and curiosity, research and
computer skills, an eye for detail and a general love of learning are also essential.
Understanding trends in media, computers/technology, Internet, and publishing is important
to success in the profession.
Virtually any undergraduate degree can offer good preparation for ALA accredited graduate programs.
Maintain a high grade point average in undergraduate work and work on gaining strong recommendations from faculty.
Work in campus or community libraries part-time or during the summers to gain exposure to the library environment.
Supplement undergraduate curriculum with courses in communications, media, business or technology. Some areas of information or library sciences may require bachelor's or master's degrees related to the job environment.
Choose master's degree programs in library or information science that are accredited by the American Library Association to maximize employment opportunities.
Currently, most library science professionals work in school, public, and academic libraries, but employment opportunities are growing most for information specialists in settings such as corporations, consulting firms and information brokers and in environments involving Internet-based information.
A doctorate, either Ph.D. DLS, or DA may be required for research and university teaching in library and information science programs or to reach the highest levels of library administration.
Prepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (1998, Revised 2003, 2007) UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA/ADEA Employer