Abstracts Volume XXIX
Review, XXIX, 1, 2006
Jonathan Nitzan& Shimshon Bichler, "New Imperialism or New Capitalism?"
Over the past one hundred years, the institution of capital and the process of its accumulation have been fundamentally transformed. However, the theories that explain this institution and process have remained largely unchanged. The purpose of this article is to address this mismatch. Using a broad brush, the authors outline a new, power theory of capital and accumulation. This theory is used to assess the changing meaning of the corporation and the capitalist state, the new ways in which capital is accumulated, and the specific historical trajectory of twentieth-century capitalism up to the present.
Richard E. Lee, “Complexity and the Social Sciences”
Complexity is not a novel concern for social analysts. Indeed, a primary consideration has been managing complexity, generally through simplification. The emergence of complexity studies in mathematics and the sciences over the past quarter century, however, has cast the question in new light. The recognition of the ubiquity of deterministic but unpredictable systems in the natural world and the implications of their study undermine the authority of social scientific work based on methodological models employed heretofore and borrowed from traditional modes of inquiry in mathematics and the natural sciences. The implications of this work suggest that an understanding of the social world in our contemporary period of systemic transformation must conceive values as an integral part of a historical social science and not simply as a matter of "bias" or individual ethics or moral code.
Minqi Li & Adam Hanieh, "Secular Trends, Long Waves, and the Cost of the State: Evidence from the Long-Term Movement of the Profit Rate in the U.S. Economy"
This article presents a new measurement of the profit rate and its determinants in the U.S. economy over the period 1869–2000 that takes into account the effect of taxation costs. The text identifies four long waves in the movement of the profit rate, each lasting about 40 years. Both the profit rate and the profit share had tended to fall from the first to the third long wave and the rising taxation costs had been the primary factor behind the decline of the profit rate and the profit share. These findings are consistent with Wallerstein’s argument that the inherent contradictions of the modern world-system have led to secular tendencies of rising wage and taxation costs.
Review, XXIX, 2, 2006
Ramón Grosfoguel, “World-System Analysis in the Context of Transmodernity, Border Thinking, and Global Coloniality”
This article is an attempt to decolonize political-economy paradigms using five decolonial perspectives: world-systems analysis, coloniality of power, U.S. Third World Feminism, Latin American philosophy of liberation, and border thinking. These decolonial perspectives emerged as part of the global struggles against decolonization
that, although intensified in the 1960’s, have a longue durée of more than 500 years in the making. The article starts with a discussion on Eurocentric epistemology and its consequences for poltical-economy paradigms. Then it is followed by a suggested decolonial way of reconceptualizing political-economy. Finally, using “border thinking” and “transmodernity” as decolonial critiques of modernity, the article discusses decolonial alternatives to the existing “European/Euro-American modern/colonial capitalist/partriarchal world-system.”
Aníbal Quijano, “El ‘Movimiento Indígena’ y las Cuestiones Pendientes en América Latina”
Much has been written, inside and
outside Latin America, on the so-called “indigenous movement,” especially after
Boaventura de Sousa
By concerning itself with the identity processes in the time-space of the Portuguese language, this article aims to contribute to the study of postcolonialism. Since modern Western identity is largely a product of colonialism, identity in the time-space of the Portuguese language cannot but reflect the specificities of Portuguese colonialism. Portuguese colonialism is a subaltern colonialism, itself colonized by reason of its semiperipheral condition, and not easily understood in the light of the theories that prevail in postcolonial thought in core countries, the latter derived from hegemonic colonialism. The author proposes the concept of inter-identity to account for a complex identity constellation, in which colonizer and colonized features are combined. Far from erasing the unequal power relations engendered by colonialism, inter-identity invites a complex analysis of such relations. The lack of hegemony on the Portuguese side encouraged the formation of internal colonialisms that prevail until today. Hence the article concludes that postcolonialism in the time-space of the Portuguese language, a situated postcolonialism, must manifest itself, in a time of neoliberal globalization, as anticolonialism and counter-hegemonic globalization.
Review, XXIX, 3, 2006
Eric Slater, “Caffa: Early Western Expansion in the Late Medieval World, 1261–1475”
Luis M. Pozo, “The Mechanisms of Class Accommodation in
This article investigates the mechanisms whereby dominant
classes attempt to impose their hegemony (in a Gramscian sense) over a given
social formation. It introduces the notion of mechanisms of class
accommodation, referring to myths of community linking dominant and subordinate
that predetermine collective experience in order to de-class social
consciousness and political action through ideological conditioning (notions of
common good and social harmony) and socio-political engineering (ritual and
symbolic practices). These mechanisms are studied in
Review, XXIX, 4, 2006
Mohammad H. Tamdgidi, "Toward a Dialectical Conception of Imperiality: The Transitory (Heuristic) Nature of the Primacy of Analyses of Economies in World-Historical Social Science"
This article advances a nonreductive dialectical conception of the history of imperiality in contrast to materialist approaches, and illustrates both the relative historical validity and the transitory (heuristic) nature of the primacy of economies and their analyses in world-historical social science. This dialectic conception shows that politics, culture, and economy have played primary parts in the rise of distinct forms of imperiality in world history corresponding to ancient, medieval, and modern historical eras across multiple, but increasingly synchronous and convergent regional trajectories. The nonreductive dialectical mode of analysis reverses and relativizes universalistic modes of analysis of imperialism in terms of class. This mode of analysis also allows for considerations of political domination, cultural conversion, and economic exploitation as historical forms of deepening imperial practice which violates self-determining modes of human organization and development. Power-, status-, and class-based relations and stratifications are reinterpreted as forms of imperial practice. The notion of "imperiality" (in contrast to "imperialism") is used to denote both the macro-structural and the micro, intra/interpersonal, dynamics of the historical phenomena still shaping our everyday lives.
Abebe Zegeye and Maurice Vambe, "African Indigenous Knowledge Systems"
One of the troubling questions in
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