Signs and Symptoms of Influenza

• Fever

• Cough

• Sore Throat

• Body Aches

• Lethargy

• Headache

• Chills

• Fatigue

In addition, some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associate with influenza.

Symptoms often begin suddenly. Fever typically will last a few days, and cough and fatigue the better part of one week, though some symptoms may persist longer than one week.

A small number of people experience complications such as sinus infection, bronchitis, and pneumonia.

Good Health Habits to Help Stop Spread of Flu Virus

Here are the best ways to avoid getting or spreading influenza:

Practice good hand hygiene by washing your hands with soap and water, especially after coughing or sneezing. Alcohol-based hand cleaners also are effective.

Practice respiratory etiquette by covering your mouth and nose with a tissue when your cough or sneeze. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow or shoulder, not into your hands. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.

Know the signs and symptoms of the flu. A fever is a temperature taken with a thermometer that is equal to or greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius. Look for possible signs of fever: if the person feels very warm, has a flushed appearance, or is sweating or shivering.

Stay home if you have flu or flu-like illness for at least 24 hours after you no longer have a fever (100 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius) or signs of a fever (have chills, feel very warm, have a flushed appearance, or are sweating). This should be determined without the use of fever-reducing medications (any medicine that contains ibuprofen or acetaminophen). Don’t go to class or work.

Be vaccinated annually for influenza. The CDC recommends that everyone 6 months of age and older should get vaccinated against the flu. It is the first and most important step in protecting against flu viruses. People at highest risk for complications include young children, pregnant women, people with chronic health conditions like asthma, diabetes, or heart and lung disease, and people 65 years and older.

Last Updated: 7/25/14