Glenn Pepe and Jun Han, technical and theatre design majors, discuss their work with President Harvey G. Stenger during a poster session held during Research Days in the Mandela Room on April 19.
Photo by Jonathan Cohen
Research Days honor work of students, facultyTweet
Patience. Thinking outside of the box. Dealing with failure.
These are just some of the lessons that senior William Marsiglia learned from conducting research at Binghamton University. Those lessons helped the biochemistry and music double major receive a Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship for the 2011-12 and 2012-13 academic years.
“The benefits of performing research while taking classes are essential to a student’s academic development,” Marsiglia said. “We are lucky here at Binghamton University to have so many faculty members who are doing high-level research with students who gain experience.
“Although our university is already achieving outstanding research, it’s exciting to know that it’s only going to get better.”
Marsiglia, who has worked with chemistry professor Christof Grewer on the study of transport proteins in the brain and also won the Music Department’s Concerto Competition, delivered the student address at the Research Days celebration on April 19.
Research Days, a series of events showcasing University research, scholarship and creative activity, took place April 17-19. The events included faculty panels, tours of research facilities, and a keynote speech from NPR science correspondent Shankar Vedantam. The Friday celebration in Old Union Hall recognized Marsiglia and more than 30 other student researchers and their faculty mentors.
“We bring together the essential elements of a great university,” Provost Donald Nieman said. “We bring together bright, curious, hard-working students with faculty who are passionate about teaching and mentoring, and are engaged in cutting-edge research that is recognized by their peers and around the world.”
Student work takes center stage
Another highlight of Research Days was two student poster sessions held April 19 in the Mandela Room. The work of more than 90 undergraduate and graduate students was represented during the sessions.
Phillip Emeritz, a senior majoring in history, English and classical civilization displayed a project that examined Romanization in Ancient France and how currency was introduced to the Celtic society.
“I focused on the social and cultural impacts, because the coins were basically used as propaganda with the images and inscriptions on them to implant Roman values into the minds of natives in France,” said Emeritz, whose project earned him one of the two initial Summer Scholar awards in 2012.
Emeritz’s project, titled “Changing Money, Changing Minds,” documents how the introduction of currency to France affected culture and class distinctions. The topic stems from Emeritz’s interest in classical studies.
“I am very passionate about classic studies, and Roman History has always been my favorite,” said Emeritz, whose faculty mentor is Andrew Scholtz, associate professor and chair of classical and Near Eastern studies. “And I am very interested in Celtic societies because, although they’ve been classified as primitive in the minds of Romans, their societies are a lot more complex than they’re given credit for.”
While students such as Emeritz studied societal issues in a historical context, some students examined how technology can impact the future.
Zachary Birnbaum and Patricia Moat, both first-year doctoral students, conducted a project on computer security. Their faculty mentor is Victor Skormin, distinguished service professor in electrical and computer engineering.
“You keep hearing in the news that there are various websites getting hacked and all these problems with new computer viruses,” Birnbaum said. “We’re trying to find new ways of detecting this type of attack.”
Titled “Intrusion Detection Systems: Object Access Graphs,” the project focused on tracking computer viruses.
“What we do is take a picture of what your computer is doing, and then we compare a picture of your computer behaving normally to one of an infected computer. Then, we just look at the differences,” Birnbaum said. “From that, we can see if your computer has an infection, what type of infection, and from there you know you’re under attack and you can take action.”
Birnbaum and Moat said that computer security is a growing field and projects such as theirs can prepare students for the job market.
“There will be a lot of jobs in the future in this field,” Moat said.
“Hopefully the work we do now will help set the stage for future work being done at the University,” Birnbaum said.
Other student-presenters, such as Jessica Huey, took a medical approach to their projects.
“I’m a part of a larger lab that’s doing research in lyme disease,” Huey said. “So what I did specifically was (study) lyme disease in canines and other tick-borne diseases.”
Huey, a senior majoring in biology and anthropology, titled her project “Prevalence of Tick-Borne Infection in a Canine Population Sample.” She is doing veterinary studies, and joined the lyme disease project because she wanted to enter the field of public health. Her faculty mentor is Ralph Garruto, research professor of anthropology.
While Huey hopes that her research raises awareness about Lyme disease, some students aimed to raise awareness on the topic of immigrant assimilation. Jillian Shotwell, Tara Perkins and Fédia Louis were a part of a group of about a dozen students who decided to get involved with the Binghamton community. They went to the American Civic Association building in downtown Binghamton, where they interviewed refugee students in ESL classes, as well as their teachers, to get their opinions on learning and teaching English.
“We just wanted to get their perceptions. For the teachers, why they began teaching ESL and what the biggest challenges were. So that’s what this poster is about,” said Shotwell, a double major in environmental health and geography. “(A second poster) is about the students’ perspective and how they think that the classes could be improved. What did they like most about learning English? What were the challenges in learning English?”
Shotwell said that to conduct the quantitative study, she and her fellow group members recorded interviews with the students and the teachers. The initiative to do this project came from their Africana Studies course, Refugees and Immigrants Health. Their faculty mentor, Titilayo Okoror, teaches the class.
The project could benefit the public by changing their awareness of people who cannot speak English, Perkins said.
“I think just knowing how these experiences affect the students and the teachers alike is beneficial in approaching immigrants, because not everybody can speak English,” said Perkins, a sophomore majoring in bioengineering. “Many of them were actually PhD students and business owners in their own countries. Then they came here and they can’t speak English, so they’re kind of at a disadvantage.”
Sponsored by the Undergraduate Research Center, the Division of Research, McNair Scholars Program, and Academic Affairs, the three-day event highlighted student and faculty successes, Vice President for Research Bahgat Sammakia said. Research success is necessary for Binghamton University to become the premier public university of the 21st century, he said.
“The great thing about research today is that it is starting to blur between departments, between schools, and even between graduate and undergraduate students,” he said. “It is wonderful to see. It is exciting.”
Nieman stressed the importance of thousands of students engaged in research with faculty mentors.
“This creates a rich opportunity for our students to apply what they’ve learned in the classroom to original research,” he said. “By doing so, they are able to join in the process of creating new knowledge – something that is at the heart of what we stand for and do every day as a university.”