Mechanical Engineering News
'Electrospray' System Could Revolutionize Manufacturing; NSF Grant Recipient to Explore 3D Printing Technique
Paul Chiarot, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Binghamton University, recently received a five-year, $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation's most prestigious program for early-career researchers, and he aims to redefine 3D printing at a very fine scale. His "electrospray" technique puts tiny particles into a solvent and applies them to a surface, creating electronics in a process not unlike an inkjet printer. Read More >
Boron nitride nanotube composites outperform their carbon cousins
Changhong Ke, at the State University of New York at Binghamton, and colleagues used a nanomechanical test to probe the strength of the interface between polymers and boron nitride nanotubes in composites of the two materials. They found that binding strengths were higher than those reported for carbon nanotube composites – 35% higher for the poly(methyl methacrylate) interface and approximately 20% higher for the epoxy interface. Read More >
Making hearing aids better
Ongoing research into designing better directional microphones may also help sort signal from noise. This is tricky because hearing aids are so tiny, but groups led by Ronald Miles at Binghamton University, Neal Hall at the University of Texas, Miao Yu at the University of Maryland, and Scotland’s University of Strathclyde are designing directional microphones inspired by the ears of a parasitic fly. Read More >
Cooling the cloud
PhD student sets sights on improving data-center efficiency
PhD student Husam Alissa is exploring new possibilities for cooling the clusters of servers that are among the largest consumers of electricity in the United States. Read More...
Watson mechanical engineer is exploring greener electronics-manufacturing techniques
Think of inkjet printing and you'll likely picture an old printer in an office. Not so if you're Timothy Singler, director of graduate studies and professor of mechanical engineering. In the Transport Sciences Core at the Innovative Technologies Complex, Singler is collaborating with Paul Chiarot and Frank Yong, assistant professors of mechanical engineering, to study inkjet printing of functional materials. Read More...
Guangwen Zhou published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Atom-high steps halt oxidation of metal surfaces
By Karen McNulty Walsh
Published on December 29, 2014
Rust never sleeps. Whether a reference to the 1979 Neil Young album or a product designed to protect metal surfaces, the phrase invokes the idea that corrosion from oxidation — the more general chemical name for rust and other reactions of metal with oxygen — is an inevitable, persistent process. But a new Binghamton University study reveals that certain features of metal surfaces can stop the process of oxidation in its tracks. Read More...
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Dr. Peter Huang Receives TAE Award
Hidden Images: Revealing the Three-Dimensionality of Film Emulsion
A collaborative project between Dr. Peter Huang ( Mechanical Engineering department) and Dr. Tomonari Nishikawa (Cinema department) was funded by the 2013 Health Sciences Transdisciplinary Area of Excellence. Digital technology has expanded the way artists express their ideas, and in cinema most filmmakers today choose digital video as their medium mostly for cost and distribution reasons. Recently, Fujifilm announced its cessation of the production of most motion picture filmstrips, and many film labs have closed down in the last decade. Thus, now is a crucial time to examine the dying film medium with its many artistic values still left unexplored. Through this project, we will create a live-processed film/video installation to re-examine the 3D film material and its uniqueness by combining engineering and artistic filmmaking, an angle that is pursued by very few. The core concept of this project is to reveal the 3D quality of the film medium, an aspect often ignored when we are watching a movie, by using digital technologies and computer programming to create pseudo-3D images. The project exhibit will stimulate the audience's visual sense when the filmstrip's 3D aspect is brought to the forefront of its attention, and the audience will understand more about the film medium.
Faculty Awards and Grants
Paul Chiarot, assistant professor, received a National Science Foundation CAREER award grant of $500,000 for a project titled "CAREER: Additive Manufacturing using Electrospray Printing of Nanoparticle Inks".
Jeffrey Schertzer (PI, assistant professor, Biological Sciences), Paul Chiarot, assistant professor, and Xin (Frank) Yong, assistant professor, received a National Institute of Health (NIH) R21 grant of $399,850 for a project titled "Evaluating the Bilayer-Couple Model of Outer Membrane Vesicle Biogenesis Using Novel Asymmetric Membrane Templates".
Ryan Willing, assistant professor received a National Institute of Health (NIH) award (R03 - Small Grant Program for New Investigators) from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases for three years ($212,700) for a project entitled "Multiobjective Design Optimization of Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty".
Guangwen Zhou, associate professor, was awarded a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) for his research project "In-situ visualization and theoretical modeling of the early-stage oxidation of metals and alloys". This grant for $450K runs from 5/15/2015 to 5/14/2018 and is a continuing renewal of a DOE program that Dr. Zhou has led since 2009.
Guangwen Zhou, associate professor received a four-year, $600K grant for the period of 08/01/14 to 07/31/18 from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) - the NorthEast Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NCCES). Prof. Stanley Whittingham is the director of NCCES.
Sherry Towfighian, assistant professor, was awarded the smart energy transdisciplinary award ($20,000) for a project titled "Smart energy harvesting from human breathing for wearable body sensors". She is exploring energy scavengers from biomechanical energy such as stomach motion during human breathing.
Paul Chiarot, assistant professor and his colleagues received a National Science Foundation grant of $294,000 for a project titled "MRI: Development of a Microfluidic Instrument for High-throughput Production of Asymmetric Vesicles to Support Membrane Biology Research".
Paul Chiarot, assistant professor received an American Chemical Society grant of $110,000 for a project titled "Electrohydrodynamic Atomization of Fuels Using Charge-Injection for Efficient Flameless Catalytic Combustion at Small Scale".
Paul Chiarot, assistant professor; Timothy Singler, professor; and Xin (Frank) Yong, assistant professor, received a National Science Foundation grant of $399,970 for the project titled "Inkjet-Electrospray Hybrid Printing: Understanding the Processing-Structure Relationship".
James Pitarresi, distinguished teaching professor, "Scholarship Program for Master's Degree Seeking Students in Engineering," has been fully funded by the National Science Foundation for $610,180, over a period of 5 years beginning July 1, 2015. Pi: Steve Zahorian, co-PI: James Pitarresi
Guangwen Zhou, assistant professor, was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) three-year grant ($250,461) for a project entitled “Probing Nanoscale Oxidation Mechanism of Metals Under Applied Stress”.
Roy McGrann, associate professor, received the 2008 Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching.