The following tables shows the more commonly abused depressive drugs.
|Drug Name||Street Names||Chemical||Classification||Forms|
|Alcohol||liquor, wine, beer. ale. sherry. booze, Ever Clear, grain, hard cider, jack, shine, and assorted trade names||Ethanol||depressant (neural toxin)||colorless liquid|
|Heroin||Smack, Horse, Mud, Brown sugar, Junk, Black tar, and Big H||Diacetylmorphine||narcotic (opiate)||White to dark-brown powder or tar-like substance|
|Codeine||Empirin compound with codeine, Tylenol with codeine, Codeine in cough medicine||(5alpha,6alpha)-7,8-Didehydro-4,5-epoxy-3-methoxy-
17-methylmorphinan-6-ol [naturally occurring opiate]
|narcotic (opiate)||Dark liquid varying in thickness, capsules, tablets|
|Barbiturates||Downers, Barbs, Blue Devils, Red Devils, Yellow Jacket, Yellows, Nembutal, Tuinals, Seconal, Pentothal and Amytal||various||barbiturates||Red, yellow, blue, or red and blue capsules|
|Hydrocodone||Anexsia®, Hycodan®, Hycomine®, Lorcet®, Lortab®, Tussionex®, Tylox®, Vicodin®, and Vicoprofen®||various||synthetic narcotic||Syrup, Tablets or capsules|
|Oxycodone||OxyContin||4,5a-epoxy-14-hydroxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one, dihydrohydroxycodeinone||semisynthetic opioid||tablets|
|Ketamine||jet, super acid, Special "K", green, K, cat Valium||(±)-2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone||anesthetic||clear liquid or white to off-white powder|
|Tranquilizers||Valium, Librium, Miltown, Serax, Equanil, Miltown, and Tranxene||benzodiazepines||depressant||tablets|
|Phencyclidine||PCP, Hog, Angel Dust, Loveboat, Lovely
||Phencyclidine||anesthetic||Liquid, white crystalline powder, pills, capsules|
|Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate||GHB, Grievous Bodily Harm, Georgia Home Boy, Easy Lay, Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X||4-Hydroxybutanoic acid||depressant||clear liquid|
|Rohypnol||Roofies, Rophies, Roche, Forget-me Pill, Circles, Mexican Valium, Rib, Roach-2, Roopies, Rope, Ropies, Ruffies, and Roaches||Flunitrazepam||depressant||tablets|
In moderate amounts, barbiturates produce a state of intoxication that is remarkably similar to alcohol intoxication. Symptoms include slurred speech, loss of motor coordination, and impaired judgment. Depending on the dose, frequency, and duration of use, one can rapidly develop tolerance, physical dependence, and psychological dependence to barbiturates. With the development of tolerance, the margin of safety between the effective dose and the lethal dose becomes very narrow. That is, in order to obtain the same level of intoxication, the tolerant abuser may raise his or her dose to a level that may result in coma or death.
There are marked similarities among the withdrawal symptoms seen with most drugs classified as depressants. In the mildest form, the withdrawal syndrome may produce insomnia and anxiety, usually the same symptoms that initiated the drug use. With a greater level of dependence, tremors and weakness are also present, and in its most severe form, the withdrawal syndrome can cause seizures and delirium. Unlike the withdrawal syndrome seen with most other drugs of abuse, withdrawal from depressants can be life threatening.
Last Updated: 5/19/14