As drugs of abuse, stimulants are frequently taken in order to:
|Drug Name||Street Names||Chemical||Classification||Forms|
|Cocaine||Coke, Snow, Nose Candy,
Flake, Blow, Big C, Lady,
White, and Snowbirds; Crack, rock, freebase
|[1R-(exo,exo)]-3-(Benzoyloxy)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester||stimulant||leaves, white powder, solid residue (freebase), solid rock (crack)
||Speed, Uppers, Ups, Black beauties, Pep pills, Copilots, Bumblebees, Hearts, Benzedrine, Dexedrine, Footballs, Adderall, and Biphetamine
||(±)-alpha-Methylbenzeneethanamine||stimulant||Capsules, pills, tablets
|Methamphetamine||Crank, Crystal meth, Crystal methadrine, and Speed
||(S)-N,a-Dimethylbenzene-ethanamine||stimulant||White powder, pills, rock that resembles a block of paraffin
|Additional pharmaceutical stimulants
||Ritalin, Cylert, Preludin, Didrex, Pre-State, Voranil, Sandrex, and Plegine
||too varied to list||stimulant||Pills or capsules|
|amphetamine analogs||MDMA (Ecstasy, XTC, Adam, Essence), MDM, STP, PMA, 2, 5-DMA, TMA, DOM, DOB, MDE (EVE)
||3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)||hallucinogenic amphetamine||White powder, tablets, or capsules
|Caffeine||coffee, tea, chocolate (along w/Theobromine), NoDoz, Vivarin, various soft drinks (Coke, Mountain Dew, Jolt, Red Bull||3,7-Dihydro-1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione||stimulant||liquid, tablets, or capsules|
|Nicotine||cigarettes, tobacco, gum, dermal absorption patches||(S)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine||adc||adc|
Stimulants can be taken orally, sniffed, smoked, or injected. Smoking, snorting, or injecting stimulants produces a sudden sensation known as a "rush" or a "flash." Abuse is often associated with a pattern of binge use-sporadically consuming large doses of stimulants over a short period of time. Heavy users may inject themselves every few hours, continuing until they have depleted their drug supply or reached a point of delirium, psychosis, and physical exhaustion. During this period of heavy use, all other interests become secondary to recreating the initial euphoric rush.
Tolerance can develop rapidly; and both physical and psychological dependence occur. Abrupt cessation, even after a brief two or three-day binge, is commonly followed by depression, anxiety, drug craving, and extreme fatigue known as a "crash." Therapeutic levels of stimulants can produce exhilaration, extended wakefulness, and loss of appetite. These effects are greatly intensified when large doses of stimulants are taken.
Physical side effects include:
Psychological effects include:
In overdose, unless there is medical intervention, high fever, convulsions, and cardiovascular collapse may precede death. Because accidental death is partially due to the effects of stimulants on the body's cardiovascular and temperature-regulating systems, physical exertion increases the hazards of stimulant use.
Last Updated: 5/20/14