The TRIP doctoral degree is the first PhD in Translation Studies in the U.S. It prepares students both for the professoriate and for scholarly research-including research-informed translation and offers individualized interdisciplinary tracks to accommodate a variety of backgrounds. The features of the doctoral program are:
- Inclusive curriculum including, but not limited to, history and traditions of Translation
Studies, comparative literature, cultural and postcolonial studies, national literatures
and major figures, philosophy, and pedagogy.
- Individualized interdisciplinary tracks.
Graduate students should demonstrate the following upon entering the program:
- A near-native fluency in English, as well as (and especially) the ability to write
academic texts in English.
- A near-native fluency in a second language.
- Optional, but desirable: a good reading knowledge of a third language. This means the applicant can read reliably with a dictionary.
- Previous immersion in a culture where the second language is spoken.
- A Master's degree, high GRE, GMAT or LSAT scores, TOEFL scores of 700+, as well as a writing sample and letters of recommendation. Applicants with no graduate course work in languages should also be prepared for a diagnostic examination during the application process.
- Background in Translation Studies. Applicants who do not have a documented background in Translation Studies, or who do not have any formal certification in translation, may be provisionally admitted. Full admission will be granted only after they pass the graduate translation Certificate examination.
Admission decisions are made by the TRIP Admissions Committee in consultation with any other faculty member whose expertise seems in line with the applicant's interests.
Those interested in pursuing the PhD must formally apply through the Graduate School Admissions and follow their standard matriculation procedures.
Required Core Curriculum (24 credits)
- Translation Workshop - Literary (TRIP 572, 4 credits)
- Translation Workshop - Non-Literary (TRIP 573, 4 credits)
Students who present workshop credits from Binghamton University or elsewhere may petition to have the preceding courses waived. However, the total number of credits (48) required remains the same even when students are exempted from taking TRIP 572 and 573.
- Introduction to Translation Studies (TRIP 580A, 4 credits)
- Topics in Translation Studies (TRIP 580B, 4 credits)
- Capstone Research (TRIP 698/699 variable credits)
- Introduction to Computer-Assisted Translation Tools (TRIP 580D, 4 credits)
- Pre-Dissertation Research (TRIP 698, 1+ credits)
- Dissertation (TRIP 699, 1+ credits)
Electives (24 credits)
Students are expected to choose electives from the basic knowledge structures briefly outlined below. They constitute some of the broad bases on which the interdiscipline of Translation Studies usually relies:
- Language and textual theory (e.g. comparative literature and philosophy);
- Cultural studies (as found throughout the humanities and social sciences);
- Criticism and textual analysis (as found throughout the humanities and social sciences);
- National literary traditions, including English (as found wherever major works of literary merit and cultural significance are studied);
- Systems science (as found in the Watson School of Engineering) and pedagogy (as found in the Graduate School of Education).
Depending on their interests, students will be able to choose electives from a variety of courses encompassing disciplines such as history, political science, sociology, linguistics, or theater, so that they can be better prepared to develop their research.
For students who want to deepen their knowledge and practice of translation pedagogy, TRIP 580 (variable credit) is highly recommended.
Students are expected to be in residence for their formal coursework, which will usually take two academic years. It is also advisable that they stay in residence during the parallel requirements described below.
After finishing their required credits and courses, doctoral students are expected to take the TRIP PhD comprehensive examination, which will be evaluated by an examination committee composed of three examiners chosen by the students in conjunction with the TRIP director. This examination is divided into four parts:
- Field Paper. This is a 40-50-page paper devoted to a theoretical issue, or sub area
explicitly related to Translation Studies, which will help students establish the
direction of their dissertations. It should involve substantial scholarship that shows
students are familiar with the current bibliography on the topic selected and are
able to articulate their arguments in an academically acceptable format.
- Main Area of Concentration. Students are required to define an area that reflects their main interest in the field. Suitable topics might be, for example, translation pedagogy, political aspects of translation theory, translation and ethics, linguistic approaches to translation, translation criticism. (This is a 72-hour take-home examination.)
- Two Minor Fields. This section of the examination will focus on two fields that either complement or expand the student's main area of concentration. Thus, if a student's main area of concentration is, for example, translation pedagogy, her/his two minor fields might be contemporary approaches to education and the training of translators in Medieval Spain. (These are two 72-hour take-home exams.)
- Oral Examination. This component will be based on the preceding parts of the examination, and will involve all the examiners.
In order to pass their PhD comprehensive examination, students must achieve a grade of B+ or better on each part. At the discretion of the examiners and in consultation with the graduate advisor, a student who has failed to achieve this standard may retake that part (or those parts) in which the grade was below B+.
Within six months after successful completion of the comprehensive examination, students must choose a dissertation director, and in close consultation with him/her prepare a dissertation prospectus. Once the prospectus is approved by both the dissertation director and the TRIP director, the dissertation committee will be established in collaboration with the student. The prospectus will also have to be approved by the remaining committee members, and once approved, the student is nominated for PhD candidacy. The prospectus should describe and justify the student's research proposal, its goals and methodology. It should also include a basic bibliography and a timetable.
Capstone research project, involving original research (case study, annotated translation, speculative essay, survey, etc.) presented in a public forum (defense).