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Timeline CA 300 B.C. - AD 500

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300 B.C.

Alexander the Great extends empire, 334-331

Death of Alexander (323): Ptolemy conquers Egypt, Seleucus rules Asia

Preclassic Mayan civilization

Lao-tzu and development of Taoism, 4th century

Han Fei-tzu and Li Ssu and development of Legalism, ca 250-208

Alexander invades India, 327-326

Chandragupta founds Mauryan Dynasty, 322-ca 185

Ashoka, 273-232

King Arsaces of Parthia defeats Seleucid monarchy and begins conquest of Persia, ca 250-137

Peloponnesian War, 431-404

Gauls sack Rome, ca 390

Conquests of Alexander the Great, 334-323

Punic Wars, destruction of Carthage, 264-146

200 B.C.

Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal at Zama, 202


Qin Dynasty and unification of China; construction of the Great Wall, destruction of Confucian literature, 221-210

Han Dynasty, 202 B.C.-A.D. 220

Greeks invade India, ca 183-145

Mithridates creates Parthian Empire, ca 171-131

Late Roman Republic, 133-27

100 B.C.

Dead Sea Scrolls

Pompey conquers Syria and Palestine, 63


Mayan center at Tres Zapotes

Chinese expansion to South China Sea and Vietnam, ca 111

Silk Road opens to Parthian and Roman Empires; Buddhism enters China, ca 104

First Chinese ambassadors to India and Parthia, ca 140

Bhadavad Gita, ca 100 B.C.-A.D. 100

Julius Caesar killed, 44

AD 100

Jesus Christ, ca 4 B.C.-A.D. 30

Nok peoples

Bantu migrations begin

Jews revolt from Rome, Romans destroy Hebrew temple in Jerusalem: end of the ancient Hebrew state, 70

Moche civilization in Peru

Classic Mayan civilization at Tikal Teotihuacabo

First written reference (Chinese) to Japan, AD 45

Chinese invent paper, 105

Emperor Wu, 140-186

Shakas und Kushans invade eastern Parthia and India, 1st century AD

Romans attacks on Parthian Empire, 115-211

Octavian rules imperial Rome as Augustus, 27 B.C-A.D. 14

Roman Empire at greatest extent, 117

AD 200

Camel first used for trans-Saharan transport, ca 200

Expansion of Bantu peoples, ca 200-900

Axum (Ethiopia) controls Red Sea trade, ca 250

Classic Age of the Maya, ca 300-900

Olmec civilization, ca 1500 B.C.-A.D. 300

Creation of Yamato state in Japan, ca 3d century

Buddhism gains popularity in China and Japan, ca 220-590

Fall of Han Dynasty, 220

Three Kingdoms era in China, 221-280

Kushan rule in northwestern India, AD 2d-3d centuries

Fall of the Parthian Empire, rise of the Sassanids, ca 225

Breakdown of the pax Romana, ca 180-284; civil wars, economic decline, invasions

AD 300

Axum accepts Christianity, ca 4th century

Maya civilization in Central America, ca 300-1500

Classic period of Teotihuacán civilization in Mexico, ca 300-900

Hopewell culture in North America

Barbarian invasions, 4th-5th centuries

Chandragupta I founds Gupta Dynasty in India, ca 320-500

Chandragupta II conquers western India, establishes trade with Middle East and China, ca 400

Huns invade India, ca 450

Founding of Constantinople, 324; Council of Nicaea, 325

Theodosius recognizes Christianity as official state religion, 380

Germanic raids of western Europe, 5th century

Clovis unites Franks and rules Gauls, 481-511

AD 500

Political and commercial ascendancy of Axum, ca 6th-7th centuries

Muhammad, 570-632; the hijra, 622

Umayyad Dynasty, 661-750

Tiahuanaco civilization in South America, ca 600-1000

Peak of Maya civilization at Copan

Sui Dynasty in China, 580-618; restoration of public order

"Constitution" of Shotoku in Japan, 604

Tang Dynasty, 618-907; cultural flowering

Sanskrit drama, ca 600-1000

Muslim invasions of India, ca 636-1206

Law Code of Justinian, 529

© 1998 Research Foundation of the State University of New York at Binghamton

Last Updated: 8/12/16