Simulation Dates: March 4 - 5, 2022
Welcome to I-GMAP's 2022 Atrocity Intervention Simulation Exercise. The Exercise is a multiplayer event simulating an international response to an emerging major atrocity threat. The simulation offered students the opportunity to experience the challenges facing international actors as they struggle, in real time, to interpret and assess a cascade of information, and adjust and adapt their policies in response. It is designed to give a realistic glimpse into the way that international actors - diplomats, political leadership, and influential civil society actors - structure their decision-making processes under the pressure of time and the unpredictable nature of unfolding events.
The Atrocity Intervention Simulation Exercise consisted of a highly realistic, hypothetical scenario. Student players are divided randomly into teams, each of which represents one prominent international actor, such as the United States, the European Union, Russia, the United Nations, or an international Non-Governmental Organization. Over several rounds of play, each team receives new injects of information in a range of different formats: breaking news stories, intercepted diplomatic cables and emails, official statements from foreign ministries, consular officials and UN offices, and more. In real time, each round challenges teams to not only assess and adjust their range of preferred policy options, but to engage via formal and informal diplomatic channels with one another.
Between rounds of play, teams convened for a group discussion. At each of these plenary rounds, one team briefly presented its current policy posture, interests and goals to the group, and answered their peers' questions.
Each team was assigned both (1) a facilitator, usually a faculty member or post-doctoral fellow, to help structure discussion and answer any logistical questions about the operation of the exercise, and (2) an Expert Advisor, a deeply experienced veteran of international conflict resolution and atrocity prevention, who was on hand to offer advice, suggestions, and insights from their own diplomatic, civil service, academic, and/or NGO-based career.
The 2022 Atrocity Intervention Simulation Exercise was set in Bosnia-Herzegovina. In this near-future event, a range of international actors contended with a legacy of war and genocide, a history of intensely violent identity-based conflict, and a fragile, complex post-conflict political arrangement that risks collapsing under the pressure of resurgent nationalism.
The 2022 Atrocity Intervention Simulation Exercise is open to interested students, without cost. However, the following are the requirements for participation:
- To participate, you must REGISTER for the event. To register, please click here or on the Registration link below to fill out a very brief registration form, and look out for an email from I-GMAP confirming your registration.
- Since the Atrocity Intervention Simulation Exercise is a team event, with each round building on the previous rounds, it is essential that you commit to the full exercise, including the Orientation Round on the evening of Friday March 4, and Rounds 1-4 and the Concluding Discussion on Saturday, March 5. Do not register unless you are prepared to participate fully in the complete course of the exercise.
- You must provide your own laptop computer
- You must read a background packet with basic historical and political information on Bosnia-Herzegovina, which you will receive as an email attachment approximately one week before the event.
Friday, March 4
|7:00 PM - 8:00 PM||Orientation|
|8:00 PM - 8:45 PM||Team Meetings|
|8:45 PM - 9:15 PM||Simulation Q&A and Instructions for Round 1-4|
Saturday, March 5
|8:45 AM - 9:00 AM||Login|
|9:00 AM - 10:15 AM||ROUND 1|
|10:15 AM - 10:45 AM||Plenary/Presentation|
|10:45 AM - 11:00 AM||Break|
|11:00 AM - 12:15 PM||ROUND 2|
|12:15 PM - 12:45 PM||Plenary/Presentation|
|12:45 PM - 1:30 PM||Lunch|
|1:30 PM - 2:45 PM||ROUND 3|
|2:45 PM - 3:15 PM||Plenary/Presentation|
|3:15 PM - 3:30 PM||Break|
|3:30 PM - 4:45 PM||ROUND 4|
|4:45 PM - 6:00 PM||Plenary/Presentation and Conclusion|
Dr. Jared O. Bell is a post-conflict development expert with technical focuses on justice, human rights,
and reconciliation. Jared is currently based in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina where
he works in USAID's Mission to Bosnia, and Herzegovina’s Democracy Office where he
serves as a Democracy and Governance Advisor and manages activities related to human
rights, reconciliation, and community development. Jared has also worked on various
human rights, peace building, and development projects with a variety of organizations
such as Peace Direct, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations
Human Rights Council, the American Red Cross, and the Maryland Office of Refugees
and Asylees. He has also taught, presented, and lectured across the globe in such
places as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Latvia, Poland, The Gambia, and the United States.
A prolific writer, Jared has published numerous articles on human rights, transitional
justice, reconciliation and peace building, and is the author of the book “Frozen
Justice: Lessons from Bosnia Herzegovina's Failed Transitional Justice Strategy” published
with Vernon Press in 2018. In addition to his formal education, Jared has also studied
and received professional training at the University of Leiden’s Grotius Centre for
International Legal Studies’ Summer School for Human Rights and Transitional Justice,
the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights studies, the European Inter-University
Centre for Human Rights and Democratization’s Venice Academy of Human Rights, the
Universities of Groningen and Rijeka’s Cres Summer on “Transitional Justice and the
Politics of Memory”, and Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco. He is a recognized
Unesco Policy Lab Expert and recently served as a Visiting Non-Resident Fellow at
Western University's Center for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction.
Ambassador Robert Bradtke has more than forty years of experience in dealing with foreign policy and national security issues, including in a series of senior positions in the State Department and on the National Security Council. A career Foreign Service Officer, Mr. Bradtke joined the State Department in 1973. His first assignments were Georgetown, Guyana andZagreb, Yugoslavia. Returning to Washington in 1978, he served in the Office of Eastern European Affairs and as an American Political Science Association Fellow in the offices of Senator Charles Mathias and then Congressman Dick Cheney. In 1983, he was posted to Moscow and then Bonn. From 1990 to 1994, Mr. Bradtke worked in the Department of State’s Bureau of Legislative Affairs, becoming Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary. In August 1994, Secretary of State Warren Christopher selected Mr. Bradtke as his Executive Assistant. He served in that capacity for two years before taking an assignment as Deputy Chief of Mission at the American Embassy in London. In July 1999, President Clinton appointed Mr. Bradtke as Executive Secretary of the National Security Council. He remained in that position under President Bush, until August 2001, when he became Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs, with responsibility for NATO and European security issues. From 2006 to 2009, he was United States Ambassador to Croatia. Following his retirement from the Foreign Service in 2009, Mr. Bradtke has continued to serve in a number of positions in the State Department including: Charge d’Affaires at the American Embassy Berlin (2009); United States Co-Chair of the OSCE Minsk Group, dealing with the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict (2009-2012); Advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs (2013); head of the U.S. delegation to the OSCE Human Dimension Meeting (2013); Senior Advisor in the Bureau of Counterterrorism for Partner Engagement on Syria Foreign Fighters (2014-2015); and, Charge d’Affaires at the American Embassy Oslo (2015). Mr. Bradtke has three times been the recipient of the Department of State’s Superior Honor Award, and in 2001 and 2009, he received Presidential Meritorious Service Awards from Presidents Bush and Obama for sustained superior accomplishment in the conduct of foreign policy and public service. He has also received decorations from the governments of Lithuania, Croatia, and Bulgaria, for contributions to relations between the United States and those countries.
Elizabeth (Liz) Hume is the Executive Director at the Alliance for Peacebuilding. She is a conflict expert and has more than 20 years of experience in senior leadership positions in bilateral, multilateral institutions and NGOs. She has extensive experience in policy and advocacy and overseeing sizeable and complex peacebuilding programs in conflict-affected and fragile states in Asia, Eastern Europe and Africa. From 1997-2001, Liz was seconded by the US Department of State to the Organization for Security and Cooperation (OSCE) in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo as the Chief Legal Counsel and Head of the Election Commission Secretariats. In these positions, she was responsible for developing the legal framework and policies in support of the implementation of the Dayton Peace Accords and UN Resolution 1244. After 9/11, Liz worked for the International Rescue Committee in Pakistan and Afghanistan where she established and managed the Protection Department for Afghan refugees and returning IDPs.
Ambassador Robin Raphel is a consultant on political, security and economic development issues in South Asia and the Middle East. As a career foreign service officer, she served nearly 40 years in U.S. foreign affairs agencies, including the Department of State, USAID, and DoD. She was the first Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, Ambassador to Tunisia, Vice President of the National Defense University, and Deputy Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction. She managed the sharp increase of development assistance to Pakistan under the late Ambassador Holbrooke, and deployed to Iraq with the first civilian contingent after the 2003 invasion to help restore the critical food ration system throughout the country. Earlier in her career she served in Pakistan, India, South Africa and the UK, and taught history at Damavand Women’s College in Iran. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a Senior Adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, C&O Resources, and Nichols Liu LLC. She serves on the board of the Association of Diplomatic Studies and Training, the Friends of The American University of Afghanistan, and Pugwash USA. She maintains an active interest in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and is a frequent participant in informal “Track II” discussions on the Afghan peace process. Ambassador Raphel holds a BA degree in history and economics from the University of Washington, and Master’s degrees in Economics from the University of Maryland and Modern European History from Murray Edwards College at Cambridge University in the UK.
Jeffrey Sizemore serves in the Office of Security and Human Rights, leading and coordinating his bureau’s atrocity prevention efforts. He manages atrocity prevention training for the Department as well as works with interagency colleagues as part of the Atrocity Prevention Task Force. Additionally, he manages the Fragility and Gender portfolios. Prior to joining the State Department, Jeff served for over 20 years in the United States Navy as a Surface Warfare Officer, retiring as a commander in 2020.
Jeff received a bachelor’s degree in American Studies from the George Washington University in 2001 and a master’s degree in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College in 2012.
We are delighted that we were able to offer two atrocity intervention simulation exercises, one in 2019 and another in 2020 for students from Binghamton University students and other visiting institutions. These simulations provided both a practical atrocity prevention learning experience and served as a laboratory for decision-making and conflict analysis.
Students were divided into different groups, with each group acting as a different international actor in the simulated conflict. Over the course of rounds of the simulation exercise, students assessed information in real time through life-like materials, articulated a series of multidisciplinary policies and programs aimed at trying to nudge the country away from conflict and dealt with the immediate and longer-term aftermath of the conflict.