Allen's Creek

Site Activities

During at least three reoccupations during the Late Archaic, site use was associated with features. These features provide the best context for understanding Allen's Creek site activities. Beginning with the most recent (associated with the fill/B2), our interpretations of material culture, features and spatial patterning show clustered activities that include: tool manufacture and maintenance (22 points, 18 bifaces, 11 cores, 4 unifaces, lithic debitage, pitted stones); hunting/butchering (14 points, 2 scrapers, animal bone); hide processing (smudge pits, 2 scrapers, nutshell); wood working possibly for manufacturing dug-out canoes or wooden bowls (adze); and plant collection and processing (utilized debitage, pitted stones, multiple types of nutshell in a single feature).

For the next most recent period of site use (B2), the same activities were noted: tool manufacture and maintenance (1 point, 1 biface, lithic debitage); hunting/butchering (2 points, 2 unifaces, animal bone); hide processing (smudge pits, nutshell); and plant collection and processing (utilized debitage, multiple types of nutshell in a single feature).

The earliest period of site use (A3 horizon) contained a limited range of artifact types and a lower overall artifact density. However, the same activities may have taken place during this period: tool manufacture and maintenance (lithic debitage); hunting/butchering (animal bone); hide processing (1 uniface); and plant collection and processing (utilized debitage, multiple types of nutshell in a single feature).

Overview

Site History

Environmental and Cultural Context

Chronology

Artifacts

Features and Subsistence Remains

Site Activities

Conclusions

References

Last Updated: 8/1/17