Reactions to stress and trauma can vary widely. When confronted with tremendous challenges, we often turn to those closest to us. Intimate relationships cannot only be an incredible source of strength and support, but also a source of significant strain - particularly in the context of stress and trauma.
The Couple Adjustment to Stress and Trauma (CAST) Laboratory broadly aims to advance our understanding of the impact of stress and trauma on intimate relationships. More specifically, the research concentrates on (1) identifying risk and protective factors of individual and relationship distress following exposure to acute stress and trauma, (2) developing and evaluating couple-based interventions for populations at greater risk for trauma exposure, and (3) evaluating psychometric concerns related to the assessment of couple functioning including cross-cultural equivalence.
Couple functioning has an important impact on individual emotional, behavioral, and physical well-being. Thus, this work incorporates diverse methods of assessment including observational, physiological, biological, and self-report measures in community and military couple samples.
Graduate students in the CAST Lab are involved in all aspects of ongoing research activities and are encouraged to bring their own interests to enrich existing projects as well as initiate their own independent investigations.
The CAST lab implements a variety of research methods to examine complex and systemic mechanisms impacting acute stress and trauma responses. Some of our current methods include:
We gather measurements of impedance cardiography, respiration, and skin conductance using wearable, mobile devices. Our physiological data acquisition system is fully integrated with a video/audio system to synchronize across physiological and behavioral measures.
Our lab captures individual and couple-level behavioral measurements using a premium audio/video system that is fully integrated with physiological measurements.
We collect saliva samples via passive drool methods to measure biological indicators of stress. We examine systemic cortisol levels and cytokine functioning such as interleukin 1 beta and interleukin 6.