Spring 2019 Colloquium Series
Featuring a light lunch and Binghamton University faculty researchers.
Noon-1 p.m. generally every other Thursday, in AD-148, as follows:
Jan. 31: Pam Mischen, associate professor of public administration, on "Sustainable Communities Metrics"
Many communities tout their "green" credentials, but how do we know if they are really sustainable? Without a clear definition of a sustainable community, we have no yardstick by which to measure such claims. A group of interdisciplinary researchers has set out to rectify this situation by creating a definition of sustainable communities and establishing a foundation upon which a Community Sustainability Assessment System can be built. This presentation will provide an overview of sustainability assessment systems currently in use, outline their pros and cons, and illustrate how a systems approach to sustainability assessment informs our understanding of what it means to be a sustainable community.
Feb. 14: Kim Brimhall, assistant professor of social work, and Shelley Dionne, professor of leadership on "Creating Healthy Communities for Rural and Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Populations: A Study on Healthcare Leadership and Supportive Work Environments"
Finding ways to improve health outcomes and reduce health disparities, particularly for rural and low-income populations, continues to be a critical component in the development of sustainable communities. The steady rise of healthcare costs over the past several decades and the increasing income inequality in the United States, poses particular challenges for improving healthcare in rural and socioeconomically disadvantaged communities. One way to improve quality of care, and potentially decrease health disparities for individuals from rural and low-income backgrounds, is through creating healthcare organizations that foster high-quality leadership and positive work climates. Although leadership and organizational climate have been linked to improved outcomes (i.e., increased innovation and quality of care), little is known about how leaders can foster beneficial work climates that ultimately improve quality of care and community health outcomes (e.g., reduced health disparities, hospital readmissions and diagnostic errors). With support from the Transdisciplinary Area of Excellence in Sustainable Communities Seed Grant Program at Binghamton University, a collaborative pilot study is being conducted with Lourdes Hospital that examines how leaders create supportive work environments that ultimately lead to improved community health outcomes.
Feb. 21: Juliet Berling, city of Binghamton, on "Recent Sustainability Initiatives in the City of Binghamton"
This talk will focus on the city of Binghamton's two most recent grant-funded sustainability initiatives: the completed Chesapeake Bay Stewardship 50/50 Storm-water Grant (closed 10/18) and the newly awarded Clean Energy Community Fund program. I will also cover some city zoning regulations that are designed to reduce stormwater runoff and heat islands.
Feb. 28: Ralph Garruto, professor of anthropology, on "Risk of Lyme and other Tick-borne Diseases in Built Environments"
Professor Garruto will lecture on the growing problem of Lyme disease in the Northeastern U.S. His lecture will provide information and research on the Lyme pathogen (Borrelia burgdorferi), the reservoir host (Peromyscus leucopus), the deer tick vector (Ixodes scapularis), human risk of Lyme disease, the role that deer play in the spread of the Lyme pathogen and household pets as a sentinel species for Lyme disease. He will also provide an overview of the Parks project and the Neighborhood Project, research central to understanding the risk of Lyme disease in high human activity built environments, places where people live, eat and recreate.
March 28: Yu Chen, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering; Chengben Deng, assistant professor of geography; and Timothy Faughnan, associate vice president for emergency services, on "iSENSE: An Intelligent Surveillance as an Edge Network Service for Public Safety"
Fast-growing urbanization and proliferation of the internet of things (IoT) technology are making smart cities a reality. Safety and security are among the top concerns in building a sustainable community. Nowadays, the pervasive use of surveillance cameras and motion sensors enables various quality video streams generated continuously 24/7. However, it is challenging to capture suspicious activities from the extraordinarily large data volume in real-time. It is even harder to proactively take actions to prevent crimes before damages are incurred. Edge computing extends the realm of information technology beyond the boundaries defined by cloud computing. Performing computation near the sensors, the iSENSE aims at making human objects detection, tracking and suspicious activity recognition as an instant edge service. Teaming with the New York State University Police at Binghamton, the experimental results validate the feasibility of conducting the mission-critical, delay-sensitive public safety functionality by edge devices.
April 4: Rebecca Rathmell, Southern Tier Homeless Coalition, on "The status of homelessness in Broome County and the only real way to Solve it"
April 18: Andreas Pape, associate professor of economics, on "The Emergence of Monitoring"
Ostrom's famous Principles of Polycentric Governance (Ostrom, 1990) are characteristics of institutions that manage common pool resources (CPRs) that she found, from case studies, tend to describe those that successfully administer those CPRs. This prompts the observation: If these principles tend to improve management of CPRs by a community, and successful management would increase the long-term viability of the community, then in an appropriately specified evolutionary, agent-based model, we should see the emergence of these principles. This project attempts to validate this observation.
One principle is monitoring, which is that agents in the community can and do keep track of whether others in the community follow the rules that the community has chosen to manage the CPR. One issue of importance is how to evaluate the emergence of an institution; we attempt to define the agents' behavior broadly so that some behaviors (closely following other fishermen on a lake) can be interpreted ex-post as monitoring without an ex-ante specification (i.e. agents simply choose "monitoring" as a pre-specified action available.)
May 2: Ken Chiu, associate professor of computer science, on "Water Quality Seed Grant"
Fall 2018 Colloquium Series
Featuring a light lunch and Binghamton University faculty researchers.
Noon-1 p.m. every other Thursday in AD-148, as follows:
Nov. 15: Peter Kneupfer, associate professor of geological sciences and environmental studies
Is the frequency of large floods changing? Implications for community resiliency
Nov. 8: Beth Lucas, Broome County Department of Planning
Flood Resilience in Broome County
Oct. 25: Dan Filer, Chesapeake Watershed Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit
Chesapeake Watershed Consortium
Oct. 4: Dick Andrus
Is Homo sapiens too clever to survive?
Sept. 20: Sean Cummings, manager of Binghamton University Acres
The little garden that could