Religious Accommodation and Expression Policy

Policy Information
Policy TitleReligious Accommodation and Expression Policy
Responsible OfficeDivision of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion
Policy TypeLegal and Compliance
Policy Number906
Last Revision Date4/5/2023


This policy affirms our commitment to the state education law, as incorporated in our Faculty Staff Handbook (VII.B.1) and provides additional guidance regarding the procedure by which religious accommodations will be provided. It also provides guidance as to religious expression in the context of a public university.

Policy Statement

Binghamton University (Binghamton, university) is committed to providing a welcoming environment for all, regardless of religious affiliation or belief. As a public employer and educational institution, the university does not endorse any specific religious tenet or belief. Rather, the university respects that each member of its community may have their own religious beliefs, or may not ascribe to any religious tenet, perspective, or belief. Members of the university community will not be required or coerced to abandon, alter, or adopt a religious belief or practice as a condition of employment or participation in university activities, nor will they be subjected to harassment on the basis of religious belief. Binghamton University adheres to the principles of free speech regarding religious expression, and will not limit religious speech or expression unless such speech or expression creates an undue hardship or is contrary to the university’s Discrimination and Harassment Policy.

The university will provide reasonable religious accommodations when necessary for individuals to participate in employment and educational opportunities, as well as other university programs and activities, unless the accommodation poses an undue hardship. 

Employee Accommodation

An employee who requires a reasonable religious accommodation should make the request directly to their supervisor. If the supervisor determines that the request may pose an undue hardship for the department or interfere with the employee’s essential job functions, or if the supervisor otherwise has concerns about the accommodation request, the supervisor should contact the Human Resources (HR) Department or the Affirmative Action Officer in the Division of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (AAO/DDEI). If there are concerns about the requested accommodation, the supervisor or HR may initiate discussions with the employee to determine whether an alternative accommodation would suffice. A supervisor may not unilaterally deny a request for a reasonable religious accommodation without first consulting HR or AAO/DDEI. 

Student Accommodation

A student who requires a reasonable religious accommodation should make the request directly to their course faculty. It is expected that the student will provide sufficient notice of the need for an accommodation to their course faculty(s) in order for the accommodation to be implemented. In the event that a student’s request for religious accommodation involves an alternative examination or assignment time or date, any make-up examinations given for purposes of test security must be comparable, in terms of format and difficulty, to the examinations given to the remainder of the class. If there are concerns about the requested accommodation, the faculty should consult their department chair, dean’s office, or HR or AAO/DDEI. A faculty may not unilaterally deny a request for a reasonable religious accommodation without first consulting EDI. Students are still responsible for the submission of assignments though an alternative date may be negotiated. 


Individuals who believe that there is a violation of this policy, who disagree with a determination regarding a request for a reasonable religious accommodation, who believe they have been treated in a discriminatory manner, or who are experiencing harassment should contact HR or AAO/DDEI. Complaints will be investigated in accordance with the procedure contained in the university's Discrimination and Harassment Policy. An individual who files a complaint or participates in an investigation will be protected against retaliation. Complaints will be kept confidential to the extent possible.


The university is committed to diversity and fostering an equitable and inclusive campus community; and values nondiscrimination practices and supports the employment of qualified individuals, regardless of religious affiliation, in accordance with its Discrimination and Harassment Policy, as well as state and federal laws and regulations, including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Guidelines on Discrimination Because of Religion, and the New York State Human Rights Law.


This policy:

  • Applies to all members of the university community, including students, faculty, staff, volunteers, vendors, visitors, and guests
  • Applies to all employment and educational practices and actions
  • Applies to all job classifications, titles, and appointment types, whether full-time, part-time, or volunteers
  • Applies to all university policies, practices, and actions including, but not limited to, recruitment, hire, rate of pay or other compensation, advancement, upgrading, promotion, demotion, renewal, non-renewal, termination, transfer, layoff, leave, training, grading, housing, and employee and student benefits of whatever nature
  • Applies to all university organizational units
  • Expects that each contractor, supplier, union, public agency, or cooperative agent will support this policy by complying with applicable state and federal legal requirements prohibiting discrimination on the basis of religion


Essential Function 

A fundamental job duty of an employment position for staff and faculty, or a fundamental academic element of a course or program of study for a student.


Conduct that is unwelcome, severe, pervasive, or persistent enough to interfere with an individual's employment, education, or other access to university programs and activities, and that is targeted toward an individual or group based on a protected factor, including race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, gender, pregnancy, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, predisposing genetic characteristics, marital status, familial status, veteran status, military status, domestic violence victim status, and criminal conviction status; harassment is a form of discrimination.

Reasonable Religious Accommodation

Any change in the work environment for staff and faculty, or academic course or program of study for students, or in the way tasks or responsibilities are customarily done that enables an employee or student to participate in their religious practice or belief without undue hardship in the conduct of the university’s business or operation. A reasonable religious accommodation may include:

  • Providing a time and place to pray
  • Arranging an alternative time for a course assignment or examination
  • Providing the flexibility to wear attire required by a person’s religion
  • Scheduling changes
  • Time off from work (appropriate leave credits must be charged)
  • Substitutions of shifts or hours consistent with applicable collective bargaining requirements
  • Job reassignments
  • Lateral transfers

Religious Practice or Belief 

A sincerely held practice or observance that includes moral or ethical beliefs as to what is right and wrong, most commonly in the context of the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe. Religion includes not only traditional, organized religions, but also religious beliefs that are new, uncommon, not part of a formal religious institution or sect, or only subscribed to by a small number of people. Social, political, or economic philosophies, as well as mere personal preferences, are not considered to be religious beliefs.  

Undue Hardship 

A significant cost or other burden that would cause a fundamental disruption to the university or that interferes with the proper conduct of government functions. The determination of undue hardship is dependent on the facts of each individual situation. An accommodation will be considered an undue hardship if it will result in the inability of the employee or student to perform an essential function of the position, course or program of study, or result in any safety hazards for students or staff.


President, Provost, Vice Presidents, Deans, Directors, Department Heads, Managers, Supervisors

  • Discourage religious discrimination and harassment; initiate a referral for disciplinary or corrective action when appropriate.
  • Provide religious accommodations in accordance with this policy.
  • Refer persons with inquiries or complaints to this policy and AAO/DDEI.  

Supervisors and Managers

  • Provide reasonable religious accommodations to employees when requested; if there is a concern regarding the request, contact EDI.\
  • Consult with EDI prior to denying a request for religious accommodation

Affirmative Action Officer/Division of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (AAO/DDEI)

  • Administer this policy.
  • Provide consultation and guidance to individuals with questions about requests for religious accommodations and other matters related to this policy.
  • Investigate complaints of discrimination and harassment pertaining to religion, including complaints regarding the failure to provide religious accommodations.

Human Resources Department

  • Assist in the provision of reasonable religious accommodations.
  • Discuss religious accommodations with the requesting employees to ensure they can be implemented.
  • Consult with AAO/DDEI when there is a problem or concern regarding implementation of an accommodation request.

Classroom Faculty

  • Provide reasonable religious accommodations to students.
  • Consult with HR or AAO/DDEI prior to denying a request for religious accommodation.

Employees, Students

  • Initiate requests for reasonable religious accommodation by contacting your supervisor or classroom faculty in a timely manner.

Contact Information

Office of Human Resources:
Room AD-244
PO Box 6000
Binghamton, NY 13902-6000

Telephone: 607-777-2187 Fax: 607-777-4947

AAO/Division of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion:
PO Box 6000
Binghamton, NY 13902-6000

Telephone: 607-777-4775
Fax: 607-777-6949