Faculty Emeritus


  • PhD, Stanford University, 1953

Research Interests

  • theoretical biology
  • evolutionary models of complex systems and linguistic control of dynamic system

Selected Publications:


Pattee, H. H. (2007) The Necessity of Biosemiotics: Matter-symbol Complementarity. In Introduction to Biosemiotics, Marcello Barbieri, Ed., Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 115-132.

Pattee, H. H. (2007) Laws, Constraints and the Modeling Relation - History and Interpretations Chemistry & Biodiversity 4, 2212-2295.

Pattee, H. H. (2006) The Physics of Autonomous Biological Information. Biological Theory 1(3), 1-3.

Pattee, H. H. (2005) The Physics and Metaphysics of Biosemiotics Journal of Biosemiotics 1, 281-301.

Pattee, H. H. (2002) The Origins of Michael Conrad's Research Programs (1964-1979) BioSystems 64 (1-3), 5-11. (Special issue dedicated in memory of Michael Conrad)

Pattee, H.H. (2001) "The Physics of Symbols: Bridging the Epistemic Cut". Biosystems. 60, 5-21. (Special Issue: Reflections on the work of Howard Pattee)

Pattee, H. H. (2001) Irreducible and Complementary Semiotic Forms. In Semiotica 134 (1-4), 341-358. (Special issue honoring Jakob von Uexküll)

Pattee, H.H. (1997), "Causation, Control, and the Evolution of Complexity". Downward Causation, P.B. Anderson, P.V Christiansen, C. Emmeche, and N.O. Finnemann. In Press.

Pattee, H.H. (1997), "The Physics of Symbols and The Evolution of Semiotic Control". Workshop on Control Mechanisms for Complex Systems: Issues of Measurement and Semiotic Analysis, Las Cruces, New Mexico, Dec. 8-12,1996. To be published as Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity, Proceedings Volume, Addison-Wesley, Redwood City, CA, 1997

Pattee, H.H. (1996), "The problem of observables in models of biological organizations". From Evolution, Order, and Complexity, Elias L. Khalil and Kenneth E. Boulding, eds., London: Routledge, 1996. (In press)

Pattee, H. H. (1995) "Evolving self-reference: matter, symbols, and semantic closure". Communication and Cognition - Artificial Intelligence, 12 (1-2), 9-28.

Pattee, H. H. (1995) "Artificial life needs a real epistemology". In Advances in Artificial Life . F. Moran, A. Moreno, J. J. Morelo, and P. Chacon, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 23-38.

Pattee, H. H. (1993) "The limitations of formal models of measurement, control, and cognition". Applied Math. and Computation 56, 111-130.

Pattee, H. H. (1992). "The measurement problem in physics, computation, and brain theories". In M. E. Carvallo, ed., Nature, Cognition, and Systems, Vol. 2, Winschoten, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 179-192.

Pattee, H. H. (1991) "Measurement-control heterarchical networks in living systems". Int. J. General Systems 18, 213-221.

Pattee, H. H. (1989). The measurement problem in artificial world models. BioSystems 23, 281-290.

Pattee, H. H. (1988). "Simulations, realizations, and theories of life". In C. Langton (Ed.), Artificial Life (pp. 63-77). Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Pattee, H. H. (1988). "Instabilities and information in biological self-organization". In F.E. Yates (Ed.), Self-organizing Systems: The Emergence of Order (pp. 325-338). New York: Plenum.

Pattee, H. H. (1985). "Universal principles of measurement and language function in evolving systems". In J. Casti and A. Karlqvist (Eds.), Complexity, language, and life: Mathematical approaches (pp. 268-281). Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Pattee, H. H. (1982). "The need for complementarity in models of cognitive behavior". In W. Weimer and D. Palermo (Eds.), Cognition and the symbolic process, Vol 2 (pp. 21-34). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Pattee, H. H. (1982). "Cell psychology: An evolutionary approach to the symbol-matter problem". Cognition and Brain Theory 5(4), 325-341.

Pattee, H. H. (1981). "Symbol-structure complementarity in biological evolution". In The Evolutionary Vision, E. Jantsch (Ed.), AAAS Selected Symposium, Westview Press, Boulder, CO, pp. 117-128.

Pattee, H. H. (1980). "Clues from molecular symbol systems". In Signed and Spoken Language: Biological Constraints on Linguistic Form, U. Bellugi and M. Studdart-Kennedy (Eds.), Dahlem Konferenzen, Verlag-Chemie GmbH, pp.261-274