Software resources levels of analysis

The Bernard M. and Ruth R. Bass Center for Leadership Studies offers a software package that researchers (usually in psychology, social psychology, sociology, management, business, information systems and database design, economics, political science, and communication) use to decide whether individual-level data should be aggregated to the group level.

Unlike other packages, the user can consider any number of levels in one analysis. For example, in organizational studies the following six levels of analysis can be considered at one time: individual, work group, department, division, organization, and industry.


The software (called DETECT for Windows™ ) assesses the degree to which any bivariate, set of bivariate or multiple correlations are based on the set of levels of analysis of interest. essentially, the software performs what is called Within And Between Analysis (WABA). DETECT is compatible with Windows™ 95, 98, NT, 2000, XP, Vista, Win 7 and Win 8.1. DETECT will run under a 32-bit or 64-bit OS. If you use a Mac, you must run Virtual Machine software (Parallels or VM Fusion).

Levels of Analysis


For these software packages and programs, visit the website of Brian O'Connor, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia.