Moods in Mothers and In Children-3 (MIMIC-3)
This project is a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) funded multi-wave longitudinal study examining the role of children's attentional biases as a mechanism of risk in the intergenerational transmission of depression, and how the form and function of these biases may change across the transition from childhood to adolescence. This project focuses on 250 mother-child pairs drawn from the community. Children are aged 7-14 at the start of the study and then are followed every 6 months for 2 years. Additional details of the study can be found here.
Babies' Emotions, Attention, and Relationships (BEAR)
Children’s attentional biases for sad faces may represent a key mechanism of risk for the intergenerational transmission of depression that develops as early as infancy. Infants' attentional avoidance has been proposed as an emotion regulation strategy in which shifts in attention are used to regulate negative affect/arousal caused by exposure to their mothers' depression. Although potentially adaptive in the short term, this is likely to increase risk for depression in the future. We are examining these hypotheses in women with and without a history of major depression and their 6-12-month-old infants. This project is funded by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Science Foundation. Additional details of the study can be found here.
Integrating DNA, Emotions, & Attention (IDEA) Project
This project is a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) funded study addressing the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) domain of Negative Valence Systems. This project involves a one-time assessment of 1,000 children aged 7-11 years and their parent. The goal of this study is to provide a fine-grained examination of children's attentional biases using both behavioral (eyetracking) and physiological (event-related potential; ERP) indices to determine which specific components of children's attention are biased in relation to their broad symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as the more specific symptom domains of low positive affect and physiological hyperarousal. In this study, we are also examining environmental, genetic, and epigenetic influences on these biases. Additional details of the study can be found here.