Search Target

All events held:
Wednesdays, noon 
IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

Spring 2019

April 3, 2019
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Unnatural Citizens: The Precarity and Persistence of Asian American Racial Formation"
Presented by: John Cheng (AAAS)
Beginning in the late 19th century and for most of the 20th century, race ordered and organized American society through legally sanctioned difference – through different forms of "racial citizenship." For Asian Americans and their families, this difference was defined, paradoxically, by their ineligibility for citizenship, specifically their ineligibility to gain naturalized citizenship. Its consequences, however, extended beyond its legal definition to its application in actual practice; in that sense, Asian American racial citizenship was precarious and persistent in its broader social implication. Racial requirements posed not only barriers against Asian immigrants acquiring citizenship, for several decades, they also formed the basis for broader loss of citizenship through processes of denaturalization and expatriation – losses that involved native-born citizens and non-Asian women who married Asian immigrants and left some stateless. While legal racial and marriage requirements for citizenship were reformed and eventually abolished in the mid-20th century, recovering lost citizenship required additional individual action, formally applying for re-naturalization and repatriation – which some expatriated Asian American women delayed for decades into the 1960s, 70s, and even 80s.  

March 27, 2019
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "The Cidade Da Cultura de Galicia and the New Camino Experience"
Presented by: Addie Gordon (Art History)
Peter Eisenman's Cidade da Cultura de Galicia (1999–present) in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, stands as a physical embodiment of the continuing revitalization of the city's medieval pilgrimage route. However, the way in which this architectural complex contributes to and deviates from the city's persistent visual vocabulary, particularly as it relates to the production of pilgrim experiences, has been significantly lacking from scholarly discourse surrounding Compostela. This paper seeks to reinsert the CCG in that discourse by rejecting its dismissal as "starchitecture" and asserting that its use of pre-existing symbolic forms offers a new mediated visual experience of Compostelan pilgrimage's late twentieth-century institutional turn towards broad spirituality.

March 13, 2019
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Ghost Detainees and State Power Across the Thresholds of Detectability"
Present by: Alexandra Moore (English)
This project examines Edmund Clark and Debi Cornwall's photographic works on the war on terror for the ways in which they play upon the state's surveillance technologies to expose the violence of the US Rendition, Interrogation, Detention (RDI) program. Building on the techniques for recognizing infrastructures of violence developed by Eyal Weizman and the Forensic Architecture team, Moore argues that the photographic projects turn our attention to both rhetorical and material structures of harm. In doing so, these photographers reformulate the terms of spectatorship commonly employed to verify evidence of abuse as well as the spectator's safe distance from that abuse.

February 27, 2019
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "American Beowulf: Native American Literature 901 AD"
Presented by: Birgit Brander Rasmussen (English)
While the alphabet is relatively new in the literacy repertoire of North America, pictography is ancient. The colonial era ushered in a period of great change in the literary landscape of the continent, as alphabetic writing was assimilated and brought into dialogue with existing literary practices, genres, mediascapes, and narrative structures. This talk will analyze a wintercount created by Battiste Good, demonstrating how he uses Dakota pictography, alphabetic letters, and roman numerals to bring distinct systems of literacy into dialogue on the page and to position himself as a scholar and intellectual. I argue that this narrative, and the entire manuscript, issues a dramatic challenge to current scholarship on the book, writing, and literary history. Potentially recasting our understanding of Native American, North American, and even World literature, Good argues that the Great Sioux Nation's literary history begins as early as 901 A.D. – almost a century before Beowulf.


February 20, 2019
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Promises, Practices and the Force of Language: Rawls, Cavell, Wittgenstei"
Presented by: Sinan Oruc (Philosophy) 
This presentation argues that a large number of the philosophical studies on promises miss the ordinary meaning and use of the word "promise." This causes a lot of mystification and theory, which has ultimately led to attributing too much power and importance to promissory commitments while underestimating the importance of non-explicit commitments diffused in almost any speech situation. Following Cavell's Wittgenstein influenced criticism of Rawls' theory of promising, I show that "I promise" is an expression in ordinary language like any other, typically used to emphasize those implicit commitments we already share by being part of a community of speakers.

February 13, 2019
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Anticapitalist Populism and Populist Capitalists: The Politics of Oil and Neoliberalism in Mexico and Venezuela (1935-2000)"
Presented by: Leslie Gates (Sociology) Mexico and Venezuela have much in common: in both populist presidencies ended decades of rule by parties once hailed as exemplars of radical populism. Yet, Venezuela swung left while Mexico hewed to the right. Their divergence confounds existing theories. Mexico belies the expectations of a leftward "countermovement" to neoliberalism, while Venezuela contradicts the neo-institutional notion that centrist multiclass parties would contain social unrest. This study re-interprets their divergence by bringing capitalism and capitalists back in. It reveals how these surprising populist victories are "cumulating processes" of earlier political struggles unleashed by their incorporation into world oil markets. 

February 6, 2019
IASH Graduate Public Humanities Fellows Workshop: "Submitting projects and proposals to become a NY Humanities fellow"  
Presented by: Julia Devin (History) and Kayla Hardy-Butler (English)

Fall 2018

November 28, 2018

IASH Graduate Public Humanities Fellows: "The History of Women's Health Care and Reproductive Rights and Contemporary Threats to Them" and "The Minority Youth Writers Lab"
Presented by: Julia Devin (History) and Kayla Hardy-Butler (English)

November 14, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "The Effects of Opiate Addiction on Civil War Veterans' Post War Lives"
Presented by: Jonathan Jones (History)
This study investigates the myriad social and cultural consequences of opiate addiction for Civil War veterans in their post-war lives. The Civil War left millions of Americans sick and in pain. Chronically ill and injured veterans often turned to opiates to relieve their suffering. Many of them developed opiate addiction, a stigmatized condition that imperiled veterans' ability to collect entitlements as well as their sanity and masculinity. Investigating these consequences of opiate addiction illuminates both the destructive ramifications of the Civil War for veterans and the deep historical roots of the stigma that surrounds opioid addiction today.

November 7, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Unkempt Edens: Tea Cultures in Eastern India, 1840-1940"
Presented by: Arnab Dey (History)
This project looks at the tea plantation economy in Assam in colonial eastern India using perspectives from social, environmental, and agro-economic history. In contrast to existing accounts, this project argues that this cash-crop enterprise in British India was largely an unregulated house that manipulated law as much as labor, politics as much as pathogens, the plant as much as the plantation. It goes on to show how in sum and in its parts, this large-scale human and ecological transformation in the region created disease environments, worker impoverishment, and political unrest that have lasted to this day.

October 31, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Race, Resistance, and the Rise of Cold War Eugenics"
Presented by: James Fitz Gerald (English) 
This project draws on fields of American literature, history, and medicine to reassess the early Cold War's separate and unequal systems of healthcare. Unlike other scholarship on racial disparities in mid-century medicine, this presentation focuses on the eugenic research and practices that exposed black Americans, especially women, to inadequate and sometimes violent health interventions. Archives of literary fiction, patient correspondence, and oral testimonies will help bring much needed attention to the voices that both licensed and resisted racialized health inequality during the post-war period.

October 17, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "'Form is nothing but emptiness, emptiness nothing but form': Brigitte D'Ortschy and Frank Lloyd Wright in Germany, America, and Japan"
Presented by: Julia Walker (Art History) 
This paper examines the understudied German architect and planner Brigitte D'Ortschy. Born in Berlin, D'Ortschy spent much of her architectural career in Munich, first at the Technische Universität and later as a founding member of the Bavarian Committee for Urban and Regional Planning. Yet in between, she came in contact with Frank Lloyd Wright, in whom she would find a resonant intelligence—one who privileged the mental and spiritual in architecture and one who contemplated the powerful effects of silence, space, and absence. Her interactions with Wright, I aim to show, laid the groundwork for her later pursuit: becoming a Zen master of the Sanbo Kyodan school in Japan. Through analysis of D'Ortschy's essays, letters, talks, and photographic archives, this paper reveals her intensive engagement with Wright's ideas, from his theory of "organic architecture" to his thinking about the importance of flow and continuity in architectural space. I hope to show that D'Ortschy's developing interest in Zen and Japan, aided by Wright's philosophy, led her to view architecture as yet another form of the ideal "emptiness" she sought in spiritual contemplation.

October 10, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Race, migration and citizenship in colonial Zanzibar"
Presented by: Nathaniel Mathews (Africana)
This piece historicizes the transformations in sovereignty, migration and citizenship wrought by the imposition of a British protectorate over Zanzibar's Arab sultan in 1890. As the British increasingly intervened in Zanzibar's economy and society, they sought to bring regulation and order to the previously free migration environment of the islands. As they imposed a new regime of documentation on the human flow of migration, they also worked to guarantee a labor supply from the mainland to work Arab plantations. By the early 1950s, elite Arabs began to use the new migration regime as a political weapon in the political struggle for a post-colonial Zanzibar. I explore their shifting approach to regulating 'Omani Arab' vs 'mainland African' migration, arguing that the colonial migration regime was not solely a product of British imposition but of elite Arab economic interests.

September 26, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Forcing Government's Hand: Ethnic Terrorism, Constituency Reforms, and Improvement in Minority Rights"
Presented by: Seden Akcinaroglu (Political Science)
Governments are often averse to engaging in negotiations with terrorists. Offering policy concessions to terrorists can be political suicide for many leaders. It is also difficult to defeat terror groups. We argue that an available strategy for a government is to weaken the terrorists' constituency support by engaging in political, social, and economic reforms, concessions to the constituency, which address the grievances of the people the terror group claims to represent. By using this strategy, the government hopes to sever the link between the terror group and its constituency. While giving in to terrorists is not desirable, bypassing the terror group and undertaking reforms that affect the welfare of its constituency directly strengthens the legitimacy of the government. But, concessions are costly. And, governments find it optimal to target the constituencies of militarily strong terror groups with high constituency support as the recipient of concessions. To test our hypotheses, we use a novel data, Constituency Concessions Data, on ethnic constituency accommodation between 1980 and 2006. We evidence that governments often resort to divide and conquer strategies by rendering terrorism inefficient in the eyes of the constituency, but our results also show that these are often not effective in bringing the terrorists' demise, not unless they result in credible improvements in minority rights.

September 12, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Famine, War, and the Music that Binds: Irish Methods of Coping with Trauma and the US Civil War"
Presented by: Sarah Gerk (Music)
Between 1845 and 1851 in Ireland, 1 in 8 people died in the Great Famine. Many survivors suffered immense trauma. Some fled for the US, but the US Civil War started scant more than a decade later. In both disasters, music became a crucial tool for coping. This paper examines musical mechanisms for dealing with famine trauma that were later applied some of the most difficult collective experiences of American history. It incorporates frameworks from trauma studies, biographical sourcework, and musical analysis.

September 5, 2018
IASH Fellows Speaker Series: "Commerce in Color"
Presented by: Hilary Becker (Classical and Near Eastern Studies) 
"Commerce in color" presents the first study of the Roman pigment industry. Ancient Rome was awash in colors and yet the means by which Rome and its empire were supplied with a wide range of colors has never been studied. To this end, this book presents the archaeological and epigraphic evidence for the pigments used, shops and their sellers. This study provides an opportunity to understand Roman trade by focusing on one class of good as it travels from mine to shop, as well as the relative monetary value of goods on the Roman commercial market.

Spring 2018

April 18, 2018
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Material Culture and Gendered Spaces: Female Card Play in Early Modern Italy"
Presented by: Nicole Wagner (Art History)
The playing card deck, introduced in late medieval and early modern Italy, provided elite women with a "virtuous" leisure-time activity, recommended and supervised by men in the regulated spaces of the palace or protective haven of enclosed gardens. However, relatively unpublished primary source documents reveal the slide from card play into gambling was embraced by noble women, occurring within more elusive spaces, like the boat. Referencing letters penned by the Duchess of Milan, Beatrice d'Este Sforza, and her contemporaries, this paper looks at the broad implications of a new form of material culture (paper playing cards) on the times and spaces of female labor in early modern Italy, and on changes in femininity brought about by noble women in the emerging world of public gaming and gambling.

April 11, 2018
IASH Graduate Public Humanities Workshop: Submitting projects and proposals to become a NY Humanities fellow
Presented by: Danielle Schwartz (English) and Bradley Hutchison (History)

March 28, 2018
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Colonial Cataclysms: Climate, Culture, and Landscape during Mexico's Little Ice Age"
Presented by: Bradley Skopyk (History)
This project reinterprets Spanish colonial rule in Mexico in the context of the Little Ice Age (LIA), ca. 1565-1715: an unprecedented global climatic phenomenon associated with high mortality, agrarian instability, and social unrest across the northern and southern hemispheres. The timing of the LIA coincided, in Mexico, with the foundation of Spanish colonial policy and the establishment of both new land-use practices and new understandings of the Mexican environment. An examination of different LIA crises reveals dynamic and non-linear social consequences: i.e. conflict mediation that redistributed natural and human resources in unpredictable ways; observation of unprecedented natural phenomenon that challenged existing views of nature and that mixed scientific and vernacular perspectives; and a radical transformation of ecology that played havoc with local memory and identity politics. Skopyk highlights the LIA crisis of the 1690s as a critical break from previous social-ecological relations. The 1690s climate crisis merged with vulnerable land-use practices and misguided political decisions which left an environmental legacy that shaped the behavior of late-colonial Mexican society in the decades before and even after the demise of Spanish colonial rule, long after the extremes of the Little Ice Age had passed.

March 21, 2018
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Merchants, Monetization, and Networking: Chinese Commercial Expansion in Qing Mongolia"
Presented by: Yi Wang (History) 
This paper examines the Chinese expansion in Mongolia in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and the circulation of goods, capital, and people across the Han-Mongol border. Using the case study of Dashengkui, Wang explores the Shanxi firms' role in integrating the Mongol frontier into the global trade flows and fundamentally changing the nomadic society.

March 14, 2018
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Cultivating the Reader in the Bible historiale"
Presented by: Jeanette Patterson (Medieval Studies) 
This paper relates to the last two chapters of Patterson's book project on the late 13th-century French Bible translation known as the Bible historiale. Those chapters focus on the imagined reader as a textual construct created by the translator to guide reading behaviors. Patterson will look at how narrative strategies and visual programs in the Bible historiale train readers to read biblical narrative and relational normative demands.

February 28, 2018
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Doing and Suffering in Paul Scheerbart's 'Lesabéndio'"
Presented by: Carl Gelderloos (German & Russian Studies) 
Paul Scheerbart's Lesabéndio (1913) is a science fiction novel about a distant asteroid peopled by aliens whose sole occupation is to rework their environment, blurring the boundaries among art, labor, and society. By reading Scheerbart's novel as representing a planetary avant-garde project that troubles dichotomies such as art and work, nature and culture, and subjects and objects, Gelderloos suggests that Lesabéndio's utopian imagination illuminates an under-explored side of modernism.

February 21, 2018
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Educational Justice and Relational Goods"
Presented by: Jenn Dum (Philosophy) 
This presentation will argue that relational educational goods are a function of the social aims of education, the internal educational process itself, and the structural position of education. Furthermore, such relational educational goods-for example, the ability to empathize-are goods realized within relations, and thus are not something that can or should be distributed on comparative terms. Educational justice, accordingly, needs to account not only for the comparative goods of distributive justice, but also for relational goods.

January 31, 2018
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Docufiction in Werner Herzog's Recent Films"

Presented by: Jeroen Gerrits (Comperative Literature)
Werner Herzog is a legendary filmmaker whose earlier work associated with the New German Cinema connects to his more recent films through a shared focus on characters whose actions, usually undertaken in hostile environments in the most remote corners of the world, are informed by ideas that test the boundaries between creative imagination and grandiose illusion. For this project Gerrits looks specifically at Herzog's recent "docufictions" - a particularly challenging blend of fiction and documentary film - which, Gerrits claims, invoke intriguing reflections on the digital turn in cinema. These reflections fit into a larger context of cinematic skepticism, that is: the idea that film tends to question the nature of our relation to the world.

 Fall 2017

November 29, 2017
IASH Graduate Public Humanities Workshop: Submitting projects and proposals to become a NY Humanities fellow
Presented by: Danielle Schwartz (English) and Bradley Hutchison (History)

November 15, 2017

IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Developing 'Binghamton's Business': Local Histories of Capitalism Using DH Tools"
Presented by: Dael Norwood
This presentation will introduce the curriculum and materials for "Binghamton's Business," an intensive undergraduate research seminar in which students will study the history of capitalism using local archival and museum collections in combination with digital tools. This class aims to pilot a replicable framework for developing new research-intensive and community-engaged digital humanities classes on a variety of topics.

November 8, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "How the World Came Home: Migration and the Deepening Global Color Line In Early 20th Century China"
Presented by: Ana Candela
During the early 20th century overseas Chinese brought the world home to China in complex ways. They contributed to the material improvement of families and native places, but also developed an awareness of a world defined by what W.E.B. Du Bois described as a deepening global "color-line." In this presentation I explore how overseas Chinese efforts to foment reform, modernization and revolution in South China were informed by an internationalist politics of resisting western imperialism, colonialism, white supremacy and racial violence in a global context.

October 25, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The American Agrarian Question, 1830-1897"
Presented by: Ben Marley
The following presentation will explain the origins of the agrarian household and the transition to petty commodity production in the Midwest. I explain this transition through gender, ecology, and class. Secondly, I seek to explain how the Midwestern agrarian household contributed to capitalist development in the nineteenth century.

October 18, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Banyas, Liminality, and the Otherworld in M.A. Bulgakov's 'Master and Margarita'"
Presented by: Sidney Dement
Mikhail Bulgakov's twentieth-century cult novel, Master and Margarita, creates suggestive philosophical and historical parallels between first-century Jerusalem and Moscow of the 1930s. When Woland, a mysterious professor of black magic, disrupts the temporal and spatial intersections of Moscow and Jerusalem, he introduces the metaphysical dimension of the otherworld, the world of the dead. During the IASH fellowship I propose to complete a scholarly essay that explains how the folklore of the Russian banya, or bathhouse, contributes to the novel's theme of liminality, or being caught between this world and the other, between Moscow and Jerusalem, between life and death.

October 4, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Golden Age": Representation and Urban Identity In 16th Century Antwerp
Presented by: Georgia Westbrook
This project explores the role of written and pictorial representations of Antwerp in the sixteenth century in informing urban identity, while also examining the roles of immigrants and citizens of Antwerp. The study considers the relationship between Antwerp as a port city and the increasingly global networks that were opening up at the time.

September 27, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Public perception of politician language use in Quebec: At the crossroads of linguistic norm and sociolinguistic identity"
Presented by: Yulia Bosworth
This talk explores Quebec public's keen interest in and attitudes toward French language use by high-profile political figures as expressed in mainstream media. This metalinguistic commentary is shown to provide valuable insight into the current state of linguistic self-perception and the status of the linguistic norm in this French-speaking community.

September 13, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Social Location of the Victim/Survivor of Sexual Assault"
Presented by: Courtney Miller
Victims/Survivors of sexual assault are not understood as occupying a unique social location. Instead, their experiences are typically explained with reference to categories such as gender, class, and race. In this chapter, I argue that victims/survivors of sexual assault occupy a social location that is distinct from other social positions.

September 6, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Black Enlightenment: The Case of Ignatius Sancho"
Presented by: Surya Parekh
Recent scholarship in the Black Radical Tradition argues that the legacies and inheritances of the Enlightenment might be interpreted as always already in relation to blackness. This presentation explores this claim by reading Afro-belletrist Ignatius Sancho's letters against a burgeoning interest in epistolary work in 18th century Europe. Intellectual, thespian, gambler, and shopkeeper, Sancho offers access into the compromised, complicit and fraught social world of 18th century slaveholding civil societies, within which the position of the black writer was always precarious. Focusing especially on Sancho's famous letter to Lawrence Sterne and Thomas Jefferson's casual denunciation of Sancho, the talk suggests that we might position Sancho as an Enlightenment thinker.

Spring 2017

April 5, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Necromancing the Archive"
Presented by: Bridget Whearty (English and Medieval & Renaissance Studies)
"Necromancing the Archive" explores connections between modern arguments that digital manuscripts are disembodied—and therefore deceptive—with medieval writers' intense fascination with the uncomfortable closeness between writing and necromancy. This talk grows out of chapter one of my first monograph The Digital Resurrection of Medieval Manuscripts, which seeks to tell the story of how medieval manuscripts become digital-medieval books. By connecting modern and medieval fears about deception, images, sin and error, "Necromancing the Archive" frames current debates over digital-medieval manuscripts within the long history of iconoclasm, illusion-magic, and the terrifying seductions of the Antichrist.

March 29, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Penance as Medicine: Intersecting Genres in Early Medieval Thought"
Presented by: Meg Leja (History)
This paper interrogates parallels between the treatment of physical and moral pollution during a formative period of medieval thought. Early medieval authors frequently employed metaphors comparing pastoral and medical care. Through a close analysis of penitential and medical literature from the ninth-century Carolingian Empire, I examine how these comparisons shaped the diagnosis and treatment of physical and spiritual maladies. In particular, I consider the concept of "necessity" and its use in evolving beliefs about moral behavior and sin.

March 22, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Languages in Cinemas of India"
Presented by: Monika Mehta (English)
The global marketing of Hindi cinema as 'Bollywood' has effaced the linguistic plurality of film production in India where films have been produced in 52 languages. Using contemporary Bombay films as entry points, I uncover the role of language(s) (spoken, written and visual) in cinemas in India. While postcolonial scholars have generated theoretically complex and politically nuanced work on the role of language in literature, there is not a parallel tradition of scholarship on language in film. My article will develop a postcolonial framework for theorizing the role of language in cinemas of India.

March 15, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Language, Plasticity and Modernism in Debora Vogel's Poetics"
Presented by: Anystasiya Lyubas (Comp Lit)
This paper examines the poetics of Debora Vogel, a Yiddish Modernist writer, philosopher, art critic and translator. Vogel's singular style finds itself at the intersection of philosophy, literature, visual and plastic arts. Vogel utilizes the strict economy and iterability of linguistic signs to foreground the materiality of language. She deploys what she calls "white/grey words" that express monotony, banality and stasis, as well as other stylistic devices to create a "plastic" idiom. This idiom gives and receives form, and presents the creative work not only as a result but also as a process.

March 1, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "German Bankers and the Conquest of Venezuela: Cultural Memory of 'Heretic' Capital and Colonization"
Presented by: Giovanna Montenegro (Comp Lit & Romance Language) 
I seek to decipher fictional and historical texts that recreate the sixteenth-century German conquest of Venezuela by the Welsers, bankers from Augsburg. In particular, I analyze the cultural memory of the Welser period from a German perspective. In the German Imperial era and the early twentieth-century we see a proliferation of publications that manifest desire for lost colony (ies). "Venezuela" became a symbol for Germany's enduring colonial desires, though this time the colonial utopia would take place in Africa. In the twentieth century, historians and novelists writing within Nationalist Socialism in Germany from 1938 to 1944 interpret the Welser period in a manner that further builds the image of the Aryan conquistador planting the seed of German nationhood on the American continent. The main subject is not the failure of the Welser colony; rather it is the honor of the German people and the myth of the grandness of the German nation that prevails.

February 22, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Hip Hop's Living Room DJs: Black Women and Latinas Collecting and Selecting Records in the 1960s and 1970s New York"
Presented by: Jennifer Stoever (English)
Many scholars, music journalists, and hip hop heads have discounted the diversity of ways women helped create the now global art-form known as hip hop, and, I argue, one of the most important of these overlooked labors involves the cultivation and passing on of a black and Latina feminist listening praxis through record collecting and selecting. In this essay, I move the conversation about hip hop and urban space from the critical but critically well-worn streets into the more female-centric and therefore often marginalized spaces of the South Bronx—those living rooms, kitchens, bedrooms, bathrooms, hallways, stores, and stoops where black women and Latinas not only participated in early hip hop, but helped to bring it into sonic being.

February 8, 2017
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Mormon Technologies of Salvation"
Presented by: Amanda Beardsley (Art History)
The Mormon Church (also known as LDS) has always had a deep relationship with communication technologies. Early in the religion, it is said founder Joseph Smith used "seer stones" as proto-telephonic devices to translate the word of God. Later, they attempted to develop a purely phonetic alphabet to effectively communicate gospel principles across diverse linguistic backgrounds. Based on their adaptation of phonetic and acoustic systems for communicating divinity—indeed, for making the divine present—this paper posits that the LDS religion provides a singularly rich frame for understanding the relation between the sacred and scientific.

Fall 2016

December 7, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:"Passions and the Peaceable Kingdom: Religious and Civic Emotions in Early Modern Augsburg"
Presented by: Sean Dunwoody, (Medieval and Renaissance Studies/History)
"In the sixteenth century in the German city of Augsburg, Protestants and Catholics lived side-by-side in peace, at a moment in European history that witnessed large-scale and widespread religious violence elsewhere. As part of a larger study into the social practices enabling this peace, I propose to use an IASH faculty fellowship to explore how emotions figured into Augsburg's surprising success. Specifically, I shall examine the ways in which the emotions of religious practices were shaped by the various Protestant and Catholic theologies and were adapted to the particular pastoral context of multi-denominational Augsburg."

November 30, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:"The Problem of Progress in 1810"
Jessie Reader ( English)
This talk examines the cataclysm of Latin American revolution in the context of Atlantic narratives of progress. I will compare writing by British Romantic poet Anna Barbauld and Venezuelan revolutionary Simón Bolívar to show how on both sides of the ocean, onlookers understood Latin American independence as a challenge to the formal structures of the traditional imperial progress narrative.

November 16, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: Encountering el Extranjero: The Poetry of the Humanismo Solidario Movement Challenging the Ethics of Cultural Exchange in a Globalized World
Presented by: Danielle Nash (Comp Lit)
This project focuses on the poetry of the Humanismo Solidario movement in Spain which criticizes the current ethical paradigms of globalization. Through translating and analysing the central poems, the aim is to introduce new perspectives concerning the treatment of the foreign and the asymmetrical power relationships present between dominant western ideology and subordinate cultures. This project addresses two objectives: firstly, to examine their claim that poetry plays a critical role in addressing issues of social injustice resulting from globalization and secondly, how the lack of wider recognition the movement has thus far received illustrates the very imbalances the works address.

November 9, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:"Social Stratification in the Eastern Sephardi Diaspora: The Case of Ottoman Izmir"
Presented by: Dina Danon (Judaic Studies)
Drawing on previously unexplored Ladino archival material, this project reconstructs the poverty that plagued so many of Izmir's Jews in the late Ottoman period and recovers the charitable initiatives communal leaders mobilized to remedy it. Through this Sephardi case-study, the project challenges prevailing interpretations of modern Jewish history rooted in the European experience that narrate it as a series of battles between the "universal" and "particular." The view from the Islamic world, where Jewish cultural and religious particularism was continuously affirmed, offers a contrasting perspective, pointing instead to the centrality of socioeconomic class as a venue of modern change. 

October 26, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:
"Ethno-Religious Conflict and Political Change at the Turkish-Syrian Border"
Presented by: Sule Can (Anthropology)
Abstract: The Syrian Civil War has drastically changed the lives of both the Syrians and those in the Turkish-Syrian borderlands since 2011. This project focuses on first, increasing sectarian and ethnic polarizations in the historically contested border province, Antakya, in Turkey by looking at how the Syrian refugees and local ethno-religious minorities grapple with the transformation of the city since the beginning of the Syrian Conflict. Second, it explores the shift in the political landscape as ethno-religious identities become more politicized through an examination of the ways in which 'Syrianness' and sectarianism are manifested in the public life of Antakya.

October 19, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:
"The Pen and the Pan: Maryse Condé's Victoire, My Mother's Mother and Mets et merveilles [Dishes and Wonders]"
Presented by: Robyn Cope, (Romance Language & Lit)
The recent heightened scholarly and popular interest in intersectionality highlights the continued need to examine the unique ways in which systems of oppression manifest themselves in individual lives. This project argues that in her two works of culinary fiction, Maryse Condé explores the relationship between writing and cooking in order to address the tensions between abstract theory and concrete experience, between individual characteristics and various forms of group belonging, and most especially between historically determined trajectory and (especially artistic) self-determination, all of which are especially acute for women of color.

October 5, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Little Grandmother of the Russian Revolution: Catherine Breshkovsky in the United States, 1904-1920"
Presented by: Chelsea Gibson (History)
My project explains how the Russian revolutionary, Catherine Breshkovsky, became a national celebrity in the U.S. between her two visits in 1904 and 1919. Breshkovsky's dramatic life and grandmotherly image captured the attention of reform-minded women in 1904 who became deeply invested in Breshkovsky's attempts to change Russia. Utilizing their personal letters, public speeches, and press coverage, I show how these American women used their public influence to craft Breshkovsky's gendered image as the Revolution's "Grandmother," in the years before 1917, and reveals how her popularity in America influenced American ideas about the new Bolshevik government, which Breshkovsky ardently opposed.

September 21, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Violence in Interreligious Thought: The Logic of Abrogation and its Alternatives"
Presented by: Barbara Meyer
I seek to rethink the role of abrogation in theoretical works on relations between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Abrogation - whereby a religion presents itself as abrogating previous revelations – has been a key issue in recent discussions of Jewish-Christian relations, yet scholars have not analyzed it in relation to the dynamics between Christians, Jews and Muslims. I will examine the role that law has played in abrogation thought and constructively develop an alternative of interreligious recognition based on a revised status of religious law.

September 14, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Duties of Beneficence, Obligatory Aid, And What Any of This has to do with Helping the Global Poor"
Presented by: Anja Karnein (Philosophy) 
Abstract: How can some aid be obligatory if there is generally latitude with regard to duties of beneficence? I offer a new reading of the duty of beneficence proposing that, counter to prevalent voices in the literature, genuine cases of obligatory aid are not instances of beneficence. Instead, they are situated in the realm of respect, the other imperfect duty Kant describes, and which permits significantly less latitude. This (more narrow) reading of beneficence solves the problem of obligatory aid and, more generally, shows that cases, such as aid to the global poor, are not best described as cases of beneficence.

Spring 2016

May 4, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: Neo-Malthusianism and the Immigration Act of 1965
Presented by: Wendy Wall (History) 
The Immigration Act of 1965 is often seen as a triumph of liberalism because it dismantled a system of national origin quotas put in place in the 1920s that strongly favored immigrants from northern and western Europe. In at least one respect, however, the act was quite conservative: it imposed, for the first time, numerical restrictions on immigrants from the Western Hemisphere. Such a cap had long been opposed by the State Department, which argued that it was inconsistent with the nation's "Good Neighbor" policy. Both the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations resisted imposing such a cap. Rising postwar concerns about a global "population explosion," however, gave proponents of immigration restriction a powerful new argument that seemed less racist than earlier claims. This talk traces the emergence of neo-Malthusianism in the 1950s and 1960s and explores the way it shaped debates over immigration reform.

April 20, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Being Gone": Chris Burden's B.C. Mexico (1973)
Presented by: Kevin Hatch (Art History)
Mexico played an outsized role in the imaginations of many American artists associated with the avant-garde in the 1960s and '70s. For such artists, fantasies about Mexico were legion; indeed, what the Nobel Prize-winning novelist J. M. G. Le Clézio has written about the French poet, playwright, and interwar expatriate Antonin Artaud—"he pursued a vision so powerful that it seemed completely to erase the daily reality of Mexico"—applies as well to many of the postwar American artists who followed in Artaud's footsteps. Yet the engagement with Mexico for these artists was rarely simplistic, and never simple. In this paper, I focus on a single work created in 1973 by the Los Angeles-based performance and conceptual artist Chris Burden. In the work, titled B.C. Mexico, Burden piloted a kayak from Baja California to an uninhabited beach south where he remained for 11 days in isolation subsisting on water, while visitors to his Los Angeles gallery at the time found only a note on display referring to his absence. Burden said at the time that the work was about "being gone," yet it also conjured a notional "Mexico" that served during the work's duration as a conceptual foil to the US. B.C Mexico prompts crucial questions regarding the relay between Mexican and American artists in the expanded artistic field of the 1970s.

April 13, 2016 
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: Arab Women Travelers in the United States: Reading the American City, Reversing the Gaze
Presented by: Rania Said (Comparative Literature) 
This paper discusses the production of American cities in the travel narratives of well-established Arab women writers; namely Ghada Samman (Syria/Lebanon) and Leila Abouzeid (Morocco). It examines the influences of pan-Arabist and Islamist thought on the authors' understanding and rendering of urban life in the United States. It also seeks to explore the authors' configuration of the Arab city in relation to the American city.

April 6, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: The Birth of the T'omangmin (土幕民): Affect, Science, and Medicine in Management of the Urban Poor in 1930s and 1940s Korea
Presented by: Sonja M. Kim ( AAAS ) 
In 1940, medical students at Keijō Imperial University investigated the health and living conditions of urban residents in the ghettos of Seoul. These residents, called t'omangmin, had increasingly become targets of social concern in the context of colonial Korea's urban development and the Pacific War. The investigation followed the framework of earlier medical research that "racialized" or categorized bodies into ethnic or racial groups. Moreover, the lead researcher asserted love as the investigation's primary motivation. This presentation suggests ways affect shaped remedial and edifying paradigms in Japanese colonialist health and welfare programs.

March 16, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: Jewish-Owned Venues for Black Music in Twentieth-Century New York
Presented by: Jon Karp (History/Judaic Studies)
From the Apollo Theater in Harlem to the Village Vanguard and Cafe Society Downtown, a great number of key venues for black music were owned and managed by Jews. This talk asks why, during a period marked by the de facto racial segregation of residential and commercial real estate, Jews figured so prominently among those whites who controlled performance space for black artists (sometimes for segregated and sometimes for mixed audiences) and examines how this division of labor reflected larger patterns of ethnic, racial, class hierarchy in twentieth-century America.

March 9, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Community Justice and Regional Development in Turkey's Peace and Reconciliation Process"
Presented by: Hande Sarikuzu (Anthropology) 
Abstract: This project focuses on the corporatization and commodification of regional identities in post-conflict transformation, to assess the link between sustainable peace and sustainable development. My aim is to understand the extent to which the cultural organization of socio-economic life in the Kurdish-Alewi region Dersim can create alternatives to neoliberal capitalist development and to neo-Islamic reconciliatory policies sponsored by the current Turkish government. Overall, this project addresses a question of scale in governance: What happens when a model of dispute settlement designed for community conflicts is taken from the local context and applied to the level of state-citizen relations?

March 2, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Soft Architecture and the "Movable City" –Military Camps in Europe's Early Modern Borderlands
Presented by: Karen Barzman (Art History)
This paper focuses on provisional settlements that sprang up in the hinterlands of Europe as part of the machinery of war before the bounded state. At its most elaborate "the movable city," a term aptly coined by Machiavelli in The Art of War (Dell'arte di guerra, first edition 1521), was replete with kitchens, laundry facilities, storage for ordnance, and temporary lodgings. If the simple canvas tents for soldiers (often in the thousands) impressed by sheer number, the "pavilions" for commanders comprised lavish structures of leather and fabric featuring domed interiors replete with tapestries, ornate furniture, and silver service for dining. In the increasingly abstract political geographies of European sovereignties, which were consolidated in capital cities, borderlands were given as empty peripheral space, their limits signaled by isolated fortresses at varying distances along ambiguous edges of rule. But there was life in the borderlands involving rural populations with ties of culture and kinship across the geopolitical divide. During times of conflict enemy camps cut a palpable and intimidating presence in the countryside, dwarfing fortresses, interrupting the rural everyday, and playing a central role in psychological warfare preceding any offensive. The paper seeks to write the "movable city" into a spatial history of borderlands, with case studies drawn from the ongoing wars between Venetian Dalmatia and Ottoman Bosnia (16th – 18th centuries) in a dense contact zone once again contested during the Balkan "wars of independence" in the 1990s.

February 17, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "And like that, he's gone!": Confession, Contention, and the Hidden Imam in Twelver Shi'i Islam
Presented by: Omid Ghaemmaghami (Classical and Near Eastern Studies)
The Twelver Shi'i messianic figure known as the Hidden Imam is alleged to have entered a period of concealment in the late 9th century that continues to the present day. An initial reticence for anyone to contact the Imam during his "occultation" has given way to an explosion of stories and accounts detailing encounters between the Imam and many of his followers (mostly from the ranks of the clergy). This paper will consider the main reasons for this shift. In doing so, it will explore the role these stories have played in the last century and a half in refuting "heresy," increasing faith in the Imam's invisible presence, and strengthening the influence of the Shi'i clergy as his representatives.

February 10, 2016
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Vigilante Mobilization and Local Order: Evidence from Mexico"
Presented by: Michael Weintraub (Political Science)
Are communities able to provide local order and security absent a strong and impartial state? This paper uses an instrumental variable approach to assess whether community-led vigilante groups reduced levels of crime in Mexico during a surge of criminal violence that followed the repressive campaign of the Calderón presidency. We trace the exogenous sources of today's patterns of vigilante group mobilization back to the Mexican Cristero rebellion in the early twentieth century. The Cristero rebellion, we argue, produced persistent changes in local-level preferences and institutional legacies conducive to armed collective action. Exploiting this variation in historical patterns of contentious politics, we identify the causal effects of vigilante mobilization on contemporary criminal violence. Our results indicate that vigilante groups reduce a broad range of crimes, thus providing strong evidence that communities can build local order even where the state is weak and armed actors are particularly predatory.

Fall 2015

December 2, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Americanness, Caribbeanness and Creoleness in Lakshmi Persaud's Butterfly in the Wind and Sastra"
Presented by: Robyn Cope
This lecture will demonstrate the ways in which Lakshmi Persaud's other (feminine and South Asian diasporic) perspective on cultural affiliations in everyday life in her novels Butterfly in the Wind (1990) and Sastra (1993) complicated the majority (masculinist and Afro-Caribbean) identity politics of In Praise of Creoleness (1989). My reading focuses on Persaud's depictions of food, cooking, and multiple generations of Indo-Trinidadian women. Furthermore, my project lies at the cutting edge of Caribbean scholarship, as it incorporates valuable and formerly marginalized perspectives on the geographic, ethnic, and temporal complexity of the Caribbean experience.

November 18, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Killer Among Us": Serial Killing in Contemporary Puerto Rican Narrative"
Presented by: Sandra Cananova-Vicaino
This presentation analyzes the gothic trope of the serial killer in two literary texts from Puerto Rico: El killer (2007) by Josué Montijo and "Guantes de látex" ["Latex Gloves"] (2008) by Francisco Font Acevedo. In both texts, the serial killers –both middle and uppermiddle class young white male– wander the dark and filthy neighborhoods of San Juan looking for their victims, drug addicts and prostitutes, respectively. In their wandering and serial killing, therefore, these Gothic monsters unravel the Socio-economical complications of contemporary Puerto Rican society: extreme poverty, violence and drug trafficking. By analyzing these texts as Caribbean Gothic fiction, I propose to challenge the image of San Juan as a tropical paradise. Instead, these texts reveal an urban geography plagued with all sorts of monsters living among us.

November 13-14, 2015
Human Migrations And Borders
A Conversation in the Disciplines Symposium

Key Note Speakers: Esra Akcan, Architecture, Cornell University and Jamie Winders, Geography, Syracuse University

Participants: Karen-edis Barzman, Ana Maria Candela, Alexander Caviedes, Manas K Chatterji, Bradley Walker Hutchison, Gallya Lahav, Ricardo Larémont, Daniel Levy, Jay Newberry, Dael A Norwood, Takashi Nishiyama, Shincha Park, Sabina Perrino, James Shuford, Kent F Schull, Sevinç Türkkan, Julia Walker, Tiantian Zheng

The symposium is sponsored by the SUNY Conversations in the Disciplines Program and the Binghamton University Citizenship, Rights, and Cultural Belonging Transdisciplinary Area of Excellence. Library North 1106

November 11, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Being Gone": Chris Burden's B.C. Mexico (1973)
Presented by: Kevin Hatch
Mexico played an outsized role in the imaginations of many American artists associated with the avant-garde in the 1960s and '70s. For such artists, fantasies about Mexico were legion; indeed, what the Nobel Prize-winning novelist J. M. G. Le Clézio has written about the French poet, playwright, and interwar expatriate Antonin Artaud—"he pursued a vision so powerful that it seemed completely to erase the daily reality of Mexico"—applies as well to many of the postwar American artists who followed in Artaud's footsteps. Yet the engagement with Mexico for these artists was rarely simplistic, and never simple. In this paper, I focus on a single work created in 1973 by the Los Angeles-based performance and conceptual artist Chris Burden. In the work, titled B.C. Mexico, Burden piloted a kayak from Baja California to an uninhabited beach south where he remained for 11 days in isolation subsisting on water, while visitors to his Los Angeles gallery at the time found only a note on display referring to his absence. Burden said at the time that the work was about "being gone," yet it also conjured a notional "Mexico" that served during the work's duration as a conceptual foil to the US. B.C Mexico prompts crucial questions regarding the relay between Mexican and American artists in the expanded artistic field of the 1970s.

November 4, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Progress and Moral Relativism"
Presented by: Gary Santillanes
Many critics have claimed that moral relativism fails to adequately account for progress. In this paper I offer four prerequisites for a relativistic account of moral progress. After outlining and motivating these conditions I assess three accounts of moral progress offered by contemporary relativists. All fail to satisfy these prerequisites and thus fail as adequate responses to the problem of moral progress. I conclude by arguing that pessimism is not in order because the relativist has all the necessary tools to explain why we hold certain intuitions about moral progress and why these intuitions are misleading.

October 28, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: Heart Deserts: Memory and Myth between Life and Death in Manafi al-Rabb and al-Khibaᵓ
Presented by: Mary Youssef
This paper examines how two contemporary Egyptian novels, Ashraf al-Khamaysi's Manafi al-Rabb (2013) and Miral al-Ṭaḥawi's al-Khibaᵓ (1996), creatively use the desert leitmotif both as a narrative site and as a mythical center in which the figure of the Bedouin is either immortalized or annihilated.

October 14, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "'We seek justice, not revenge': Catholicism and Transnational Human Rights Movements in Guatemala, 1968-1996"
Presented by: Michael Cangemi
My project examines how and why the Catholic Church emerged a principal advocate for human rights in Guatemala between the 1960s and 1990s. I argue that the Church's transnational nature allowed it to offer a human rights model that was fundamentally different from either the United States or Soviet blocs' competing models. While the Cold War's political exigencies forced the U.S. and Soviet Union to present human rights models that respectively privileged political liberties and economic justice, the Church was able to incorporate both of these perspectives into its own unique human rights model. Ultimately, the Latin American Church's "option for the poor" complicated human rights discourse in Guatemala by challenging the country's rightist dictatorship, while imultaneously standing apart from Guatemala's extreme left by calling for a peaceful resolution to domestic political strife and violence.

October 7, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "A Gauge of Our Faithfulness': Religion and the Politics of Immigration Reform"
Presented by: Wendy Wall
Few developments since World War II have changed the face of American religion or American politics more than the Immigration Act of 1965. By rejecting the system of national origin quotas put in place in the 1920s and replacing it with a system that favored family reunification and skills, the act opened the door to millions of immigrants from Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. By imposing for the first time a numerical ceiling on immigration from the Western Hemisphere, the act helped to sustain and generate illegal immigration. In both ways, the act forever changed the nation's demographic makeup and politics. It opened the door to millions of Buddhists, Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, and adherents of other non-Judeo-Christian faiths. At the same time, since many of the new arrivals—from Korea, Nigeria, China, Ghana, the Philippines, Brazil and elsewhere—were evangelicals, the 1965 act contributed to what scholars have called the "de-Europeanization of American Christianity" and the "re-evangelization of America." It transformed vast arenas of American life, and fueled political debates over issues ranging from national unity and border control to educational policy and religion in the public sphere.
Given this, it is surprising how little attention scholars of either politics or religion have paid to the postwar politics of immigration reform. Those few who have addressed the issue have generally portrayed the 1965 act as the inevitable product of a postwar liberal consensus without exploring how any such consensus was forged or the nature of its fracture points and limitations. This talk attempts to recover that history, focusing particularly on the role of religious language, institutions, and issues.

September 30, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "A Space to Develop: Mining and Indigenous Institution Building as Anti-Systemic Praxis in Guatemala"
Presented by: Samantha Fox
Since the emergence of mineral extraction as a central avenue of economic development in Central America, indigenous peoples have struggled to exert control over the pace and progress of mining. Conflict surrounding the Marlin Mine in Guatemala has challenged indigenous institutions to maintain solidarity and cohesion in communities as the mine expands. While the goal is to close the mine, communities realize that the only way to successfully challenge transnational mining projects is to prevent them in the first place. In a situation where the mine is already producing minerals, indigenous communities in Guatemala are addressing the problems created by the mine as autonomous subjects. This presentation examines how transformations associated with mining are being confronted through the creation of institutions that parallel the state and reinforce autonomy.

September 16, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Ranveer Singh's "Chichorapan": Habitus, Masculinity, and Stardom"
Presented by: Praseeda Gopinath
In response to Bollywood star Ranveer Singh's fanboy historical tour of Bollywood, complete with performances, lip-synching, and mimicry at the recently held India Today Conclave 2015, a tweet dismissed Singh's presentation-performance as "chichorapan manifest." The word, gendered masculine, means many things: vulgar, depraved, trivial, shameful, of little consequence. Chichora, and its more euphemistic synonyms, has been routinely deployed against the newly-arrived Singh, who is a self-confessed outsider in the still nepotistic, though radically changing, Bollywood film industry. Whether it's in terms of his off-screen persona: his flamboyant fashions, his explicit repudiation of "bourgeois elitism" and "manners;" or his onscreen performances, noted for the display of his body, where he is invariably some sort of confidence artist, criminal, or "lower-class" young man, his brash, uninhibited persona has made him into a star whose presence cannot be ignored. He is a beloved subject of media headlines, both condemned and celebrated in equal measure. Singh's macho and affectionate flamboyance circulates as "low-class," "vulgar" and "genuine" and "progressive." This paper examines the contradictions inherent in Ranveer Singh's stardom as both caused by, and an effect of, the shifting habitus of the "neo-liberal" Indian middle classes; the transnational circuits of taste; the (trans)national structures of masculinity; and the changing generic terrain of Bollywood as it engages with the increasing influence of Western cinematic languages of realism.

Spring 2015

April 29, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Human Rights, Risk, and Responsibility"
Presented by: Anthony Reeves (Philosophy)
Who is responsible for protecting human rights? In a circumstance where multiple institutions (states, corporations, NGOs, international organizations, etc.) can affect the interests that human rights protect, how should we allocate responsibility for protecting those interests? I examine several types of normative responses to this question with the aim of identifying a principled basis for approaching it. Tort law has faced a similar problem: who should mitigate specific dangers to legally protected interests in a pervasively risky interactive environment? Hence, I attempt to draw some lessons from the theory and practice of torts for the purposes of addressing the moral problem posed by human rights.


April 22, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Challenging Franco's Regime through Detective Fiction: Manuel Vázquez Montalbán - Where do we come from? Who are we? Where are we going?"
Presented by: Isabel Palomo Merino (TRIP)
This presentation will focus on the case of Spanish writer Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, one of the first Spanish writers to create a hardboiled Spanish detective fiction saga, whose relationship with censorship was more contentious than other Spanish writers. Manuel Vázquez Montalbán used detective fiction as a way to make a social and political commentary that he probably would not have been able to make otherwise during that time period. It is probably because of the appropriation of this genre as a political tool that his writing posed a threat to the Regime, and it had to be repressed. I believe that the Franco Regime used popular fiction that either fitted their ideology to legitimize its position and its power over the society, or that favored the mentality of escapism and lack of subversion among its readers. Therefore, authors who, to a certain extent, fitted those stereotypes would be less censored than others who challenged them. Maybe because of the censor's preconceived understanding of Montalbán's political signification as a communist and a Marxist, and probably because of how the author's ideas were reflected in a highly ironic and sophisticated way, Montalbán's work was targeted, banned and mutilated. In this presentation I will analyze the censorship reports of Montalbán's works, alongside the political implications of his detective fiction saga.

April 15, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Taste of Fairy Tale: Consumption as a Theme and Textual Strategy in Sexing the Cherry by Jeanette Winterson"
Presented by: Natalia Andrievskikh (COLI)
This reading of Sexing the Cherry will focus on the motif of consumption in its function to represent the female struggle for pleasure, power, and expression through language. I further argue that the motif of consumption in Winterson's text stretches beyond the thematic and into the structural, becoming an integral principle of the text's construction. The presentation will pay special attention to the role of the fairy-tale genre in enhancing structural possibilities of the postmodern fantastic text.

April 1, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "History of Literary Appreciation in the United States"
Presented by: Matthew McConn (Graduate School of Education)
This presentation will look at how we have defined, measured, and taught literary appreciation in the United States, and attempt to answer the following questions: How have literary and psychological theories shaped the definition of appreciation throughout the years? How have these definitions been interpreted, and how have these interpretations impacted the teaching of literature?

March 18,2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Cheap Food and Bad Climate: From Surplus-Value to Negative-Value in the Capitalist World-Ecology"
Presented by: Jason Moore (Sociology and Fernand Braudel Center)
Capitalism, understood as a world-ecology that joins accumulation, power, and nature in dialectical unity, has been adept at evading so-called Malthusian limits through an astonishing historical capacity to produce, locate, and occupy cheap natures external to the system. In recent decades, the last frontiers have closed, and this astonishing historical capacity has withered. This "withering" is perhaps most evident in capitalism's failure to offer a new, actually productive, agricultural model - as agrobiotechnology failed to deliver on its promissory notes. Moving from bad to worse, a second set of contradictions is now mediated through climate change. Climate change, one amongst many ongoing biospheric shifts, is interwoven with the totality of neoliberal agriculture's contradictions to produce new contradictions: negative-value. This signals the emergence of forms of nature that are increasingly hostile to capital accumulation, and which can be temporarily fixed (if at all) only through increasingly costly, toxic, and dangerous strategies. The rise of negative-value – whose accumulation has been latent for much of capitalist history - therefore suggests a significant and rapid erosion of opportunities for the appropriation of new streams of unpaid work/energy. As such, these new limits are qualitatively different from the nutrient- and resource-depletion of earlier, developmental crises of the longue durée Cheap Food model. These contradictions within capital, arising from negative-value, are today encouraging an unprecedented shift towards a radical ontological politics, within capitalism as a whole, that destabilizes crucial points of agreement in the modern world-system: What is Food? What is Nature? What is Valuable?

March 11, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Redefining Human Rights from a Feminist Perspective: The Global Campaign to Eradicate Violence, 1985-1993"
Presented by: Deneil Hil (History)
This talk traces the grassroots feminist effort to assure the recognition of violence against women as a violation of human rights at the UN World Conference on Human Rights (1993) in Vienna. Women's rights originally had not been included on the agenda of this important world conference, so hundreds of women's organizations across the globe joined together to engage in a years-long campaign demanding that the UN comprehensively address gender violence as a human rights issue. By redefining human rights from a feminist perspective, Hill argues, the work of this transnational coalition altered the dominant paradigm of global feminist advocacy and paved the way to new understandings of women's rights as human rights.

March 4, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "When (East) Indians Were White, Then Not: Racial Formation and Naturalization Law in the Early 20th-Century United States"
Presented by: John Cheng (Department of Asian & Asian American Studies [DAAAS])
For a brief period in the early 20th century, immigrants from India — or "Hindus" as they were referred to at the time — were allowed to become naturalized U.S. citizens using the logic that they were Caucasian and therefore "white." The Supreme Court, however, ruled in 1923 that Hindus were not white and not eligible for naturalization. When the United States then revoked their citizenship, these previously American Indian immigrants and their families learned firsthand that race in practice was not based on biology or common ancestry; instead through the law, popular social discourse about Asiatic difference hardened into — and validated — exclusionary and discriminatory practices against anyone falling within the emergent category, "alien ineligible for citizenship."

February 18, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Lysioidia: 'Transgendering' Actresses/Actors in Hellenistic Greek and Roman Republican Theater"
Presented by: John Starks (CLASSICS)
Analysis of the few fragments of extant commentary on a lost genre of dramatic song whose female and male actors captivated their audiences with a virtuoso display of re-/transgendered identity and ambiguity. Using comparative evidence (visual and textual) from modern dramatic forms, particularly Weimar cabaret, Elizabethan theater, kabuki, and baroque opera, I posit a reconstruction of the theatrical effects lysiodes presented to their symposium audiences, as I also explain the continuing influence of lysioidia and similar song genres in late Hellenistic and republican theater. 

February 11, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Reinventing Working Class: 'Dignity Politics' and Social Entrepreneurship in a Chinese Migrant Workers' Community in Beijing"
Presented by: Yang Zhan (Anthropology)
Just as China comes to be the site of "world factory" in the global system, relying on its huge supply of cheap labor, it is becoming oblivious to the Marxist concepts such as labor and class, which were once its dominant discourse. Believing that those political economic terms are more relevant today than any time in the past, some have tried to reintroduce these terms in a critical analysis of China's society, even though this effort has been confined to a fringe of the academia. It remains to be a question how the framework of class analysis can be combined with the practice of labor organizing and radical politics in contemporary China.

February 4, 2015
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "'Pushkin' is our Everything: Delimiting the Referentiality of the Monument in Tatyana Tolstaya's Slynx"
Presented by: Sidney Dement (German/Russian Studies)
In the post-apocalyptic Moscow of Tatyana Tolstaya's dystopian novel Slynx (2000), a nuclear Blast has disfigured every aspect of Russian civilization. The absence of Moscow's treasured monument to the Romantic poet Alexander Pushkin most tellingly represents the magnitude of traumatic loss. The rebuilding of this monument by the novel's hero, structures the narrative's subversive treatment of literature, authorship, authority, and referentiality after the dual catastrophes of Chernobyl' (1986) and the breakup of the Soviet Union (1991).

Fall 2014

December 3, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:
 "The Coolie Specter: A Ghost of Primitive Accumulations Past, Present and Futures"
Presented by: Ana Candela (Sociology)
From 1849 to 1874 nearly 100,000 Chinese migrated to Peru to work as contracted coolie laborers on sugar and cotton plantations. During the late 19th century and the early 20th century, they died both a physical and a social death which involved their erasure from historical memory. Chinese coolies subsequently reappeared as subjects of historical narration during the 1970s and again in the 2000s, periods that corresponded to new phases of rural economic development. The project explores how the coolie has been refigured from a laboring subject into a cultural form whose periodic re-emergence serves as a haunting reminder of the human costs of capitalist development and its effects on the rural.

November 19, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Making It: Scottish Experiences in the Eighteenth-Century British Empire"
Presented by: Erin Annis (History) 
The eighteenth century was a time of great changes for Scots. The Union of 1707, the last Jacobite Rising in 1745, and the expansion of the British Empire in India, the West Indies, and America led to closer integration between Scotland and England. These changes, however, also raised questions of identity in Scotland. Were they still Scottish or were they British, and what did that mean? This project examines the experiences of the members of four Scottish families to understand the ways in which they dealt with these questions, and argues that the eighteenth century provided some Scots with profound opportunities of self-definition. 

November 12, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Testimonies and Debates of Coolie Trafficking: The Colonial Past and the Global Present"
Presented by: Lisa Yun (English) 
Relatively little is known of the story of imported Asian coolies who arrived as migrant labor to the Americas in the 19th century. This talk examines a literary and historical "coolie narrative" of yesterday that contains profound themes related to a new form of slavery today. How might this hidden history of the past offer questions and insights for contemporary debates over global migrant labor, exploitation, freedom, and rights.

November 5, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Purgatories of the Mind: Punishment and Self-Knowledge in Fourteenth-Century Middle English Texts"
Presented by: Deirdre Riley (English) 
The medieval mind understood that Purgatory is not an otherworldly realm in the way that Heaven and Hell are; Purgatory was seen as something related to the living temporally, spatially, and even physically. This project argues that purgatory—rather than the more formal, doctrinal, and geographical Purgatory—is a cognitive template, a tool simultaneously personal and universal, used to effect self-awareness and self-initiated amendment while alive. The texts that this study looks at use purgatorial imagery, penitential tropes, and the language of confession in ways that make evident the inescapable human desire to understand the self through punishment. Surprisingly, these purgatorial trappings resist religious dogma even while they participate in religious discourse.

October 29, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Making a Public Currency/Call it Fascism"
Presented by Doug Holmes (Anthropology)
In April 2013, Janet Yellen noted, "For the first time [in 2003], the [Federal Open Market] Committee was using communication—mere words—as its primary monetary policy tool....The FOMC had journeyed from 'never explain' to a point where sometimes the explanation is the policy" (emphasis in the original). For more than a decade Holmes has sought to elaborate on the transformation to which Yellen alluded. Working in five central banks—the European Central Bank, the Deutsche Bundesbank, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the Swedish Riksbank, and the Bank of England—Holmes has analyzed an emerging monetary regime in which "mere words" play a decisive role. Holmes addresses at length how this regime—which Holmes terms a "public currency"— works in theory and practice (Holmes 2014a, 2014b). At the heart of this regime is a far-reaching premise: the public broadly must be recruited to collaborate with central banks in achieving the ends of monetary policy, namely "stable prices and confidence in the currency" (King 2004).

October 22, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Can there be Government without a State?"
Presented by: Rochelle DuFord (Philosophy)
The paper from which this presentation derives, argues that it is not only possible, but necessary, to develop a concept of government. Generally, 'government' is taken to be interchangeable with 'state.' However, this creates confusion about the roles and functions of distinct political institutions--notably, it creates a false dichotomy for possible global political institutions. The elision of state and government generates the appearance that the only options for global political organization are global governance (a loosely connected set of government networks) or a world state. DuFord challenges this dichotomy in this paper, arguing that it is possible to develop a 'global government' that neither relies on individual governments for functioning, but is also not a world state.

October 15, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Thomas Adès and the Dilemmas of Musical Surrealism"
Presented by: Drew Massey (Music)
Few scholars of Adès's music would debate the significance of surrealism in the forging of his public image over the course of the last 25 years. Yet the essentially unquestioned absorption of surrealism as a meaningful discursive frame for Adès's music ought to give us pause, and it is the goal of this presentation to explain why that is the case.First, Massey suggests that surrealism has achieved such purchase in the critical conversation surrounding Adès because of its ability to work so effectively as a proxy vocabulary for other debates. In the first part of this presentation, Massey considers how the idea of surrealism has provided a means to discuss various degrees of "queerness" in Adès's music (including but not limited to gender and sexuality) while avoiding a rhetoric which uses alterity and identity politics as its primary argumentative fulcra. Although Adès is hardly the only openly gay composer writing today, Massey suggests that critics' preoccupation with Adès's relationship to surrealism has served a powerful symbolic role in depicting Adès as a gay composer who simultaneously avoids conspicuous markers of difference.In the second half of this presentation, Massey considers the historiographic work that is performed by the rhetoric of surrealism that has swirled around Adès and his music. Adès's surrealist works close off an apparent "problem" in the history of modernism insofar as surrealism – unlike other component movements in modernism like futurism and impressionism – has struggled to find its proper corollary in music, and hence enjoy status as a fully realized dimension of modernism with active practices across the arts. Yet such a situation is not without its historiographic dilemmas. On the one hand, the reliance on surrealism vis-à-vis Adès is a somewhat anachronistic approach, situating a large part of Adès's significance in terms of a movement that has mostly run its course. On the other hand, it provides an aesthetic and historical basis for Adès's prominence today, while being ambiguous enough to leave him plenty of room to maneuver in the future without shedding this marker of canonical belonging.

October 8, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Historical Transformations and the Rise of a New-Consciousness Novel in Egypt"
Presented by: Mary Youssef (Classical & Near Eastern Studies)
This talk examines a recent trend in contemporary Egyptian novels that exhibits, what Youssef identifies as a new consciousness and a critical sensibility towards difference and the complexity of the Egyptian population amidst various political, socio-economic, and cultural instabilities.

October 1, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Ganymede in the Twelfth-century Classroom: Two Odes by Horace"
Present by: Tina Chronopoulos (Classical and Near Eastern Studies)
This presentation will talk about a couple of Horatian poems that contain what can arguable be called 'homoerotic situations' and how these poems were presented to pupils at medieval schools.

September 17, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Translating the Works of Zenta Maurina: A Reading"
Presented by: Zoja Pavlovskis-Petit (Comparative Literature)
Zenta Maurina, a Latvian writer whose career spanned the 29th Century, was an incisive critic of European culture especially popular in Germany and Sweden. Aside from collections of essays she was the author of novels as well as a slightly fictionalized account of her own life. The latter is particularly interesting because of the historic events in which she was embroiled. Professor Pavlovskis-Petit is translating this work and planning, during this presentation, to read a chapter of the translation.


Spring 2014 

April 30, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Deathly Erotics of the Eighteenth-Century Novel"
Presented by: Doctoral Fellow Kristine Jennings (Comparative Literature)
The concept of the sexed body - the idea that male and female bodies constitute separate, even "opposite" categories - began to dominate scientific, philosophical, and literary thought in the eighteenth century. Sex was now used to anchor essentialized gender differences; if women and men were fundamentally different in their bodies, it was argued, they must also have different sexual tempers and characteristics. Thus it could be claimed that the proper nature of women was to have little sexual desire, and any expression of female sexuality became increasingly pathologized: in place of erotic experiences, women have illnesses. This presentation will address how the eighteenth-century novel engages with the problematic ideology of "naturally" passionless femininity. In consistently aligning women's experiences of their own erotic desires with death, the novels discussed both reproduce this ideology and offer insight into its psychological implications. 

April 9, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Identity, Alterity, and Abstract Opera: Robert Wilson and Philip Glass's Einstein on the Beach (1976–2012)" 

Presented by: Paul Schleuse Associate Professor (Music)

April 2, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Conceptualizing Aldo Tambellini's Black TV: Intermedia, Process Perception, and the Network Subject"
Presented by: Doctoral Fellow Matt Applegate (Comparative Literature)
Aldo Tambellini, Italian American filmmaker and multimedia artist, chose the color black to act as a base concept and metaphor for hundreds of political projects in the 1960's and 70's, including sculpture, poetry, film, and television. By mixing televisual technologies with site-specific performance, Tambellini's aesthetic influenced political collectives like the 1960's Manhattan-based Black Mask as well as the expanded cinema movement abroad. Tambellini's techniques and political lineage extend into the present as well. In this presentation Matt Applegate situates Tambellini's work as a historical and theoretical precursor to the analysis of digital media and film, most succinctly captured in Steven Shaviro's work the "cinematic body" and "post-cinematic affect." He is particularly concerned with the creation of mediated subjects and the extension of Tambellini's "black metaphor" into the production of technologically mediated anonymity. 

March 19, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Capital, Nation-state and Nature: Oil and Reproducing Mosul in the Modern World Economy"
Presented by: Zehra Tasdemir, Doctoral Fellow (Sociology)
Mosul presents a specific articulation of the historically and geographically distinctive relationship between capitalist development and nation-state formation. For centuries, Mosul was developed as a part of an ecologically embedded agro-pastoral regional economy. The incorporation of the Mosul province of the Ottoman Empire into Iraq, as a modern nation-state form, in the early twentieth century was internally linked to the reproduction of Mosul as an oil economy and ecology integrated in the world-market. This work explores how the abstraction and exploitation of Mosul oil became a process that reproduced Mosul and nation-state in the image of the cycle of oil production.  

March 12, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Exilic Spaces and the World-Economy: Territorial and Structural Escape"

Presented by: Professor Denis O'Hearn (Sociology)
From the earliest development of proto-states, groups of people attempted to escape from central control and to establish self-governed communities. As capitalism developed, and particularly as new regions were incorporated into the emerging capitalist world-system, the problem was not simply how to escape states but also how to escape capitalist relations and processes of accumulation that were bundled up with state control. Well-known historical examples of escape include Cossacks, pirates, and escaped slaves or maroons. Contemporary examples of territorial escape include the Zapatistas in Mexico and even political prisoners. Structural escape has been identified in urban communities in the heart of Kingston, Jamaica and on the outskirts of large South American cities.  Thus, "exilic spaces and practices" are made by people who are expelled from or voluntarily attempt to leave the spaces, structures, and/or processes of world capitalism. Research questions include: How do they try to accomplish this? Who do they identify as "the enemy"? Do they practice mutual aid and solidarity in larger communities or organize mainly on a household basis? Are there rules of entry and exit? How are their practices located geographically and structurally with respect to states, nation-states, the interstate system, and to structures of world capitalist accumulation including the reproduction of labor? What kinds of bargains do exiles make with states and how does this dynamically affect their ability to sustain political and economic autonomy? And, finally, how are the outcomes of these questions affected by the rhythms and developments of the capitalist world-system, including economic cycles, processes of incorporation and peripheralization, changing hegemony, the rise of new leading sectors and world-wide divisions of labor, and the changing presence and experiences of anti-systemic movements?   

March 5, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Gods of Becoming"
Presented by: Randy Friedman, Associate Professor (Judaic Studies)
Friedman will be speaking about the philosophical methodology of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, a leading 20th century American Jewish thinker. Kaplan's theology is influenced by the work of the Classical American Pragmatists, specifically William James and John Dewey. The research is part of a book project entitled 'Gods of Becoming'. 

February 26, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Political Documents and Bureaucratic Entrepreneurs: Lobbying the European Parliament during Turkey's EU Integration"

Presented by: Bilge Firat O'Hearn, Visiting Fellow (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Istanbul Technical University)
The European Parliament is a modern marketplace wherein interests, information, and influence exchange hands. Fine negotiations over what is important to European publics, which are revealed in amendments and compromises to parliamentary reports, do not take place in committee meetings but through informal channels. EU enlargement and accession negotiations with Turkey attract a lot of attention and informal exchange of influence from all over Europe. This paper elucidates how the EU's democratic deficit and Turkey's bureaucratic politics are successfully mediated through and accommodated in parliamentary documents, which serve as means and ends of supra/national power politics.  

February 12, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Reproducing the Food/Body Regime"
Presented by: Diana Gildea (Dean's Research Fellow)
There are two tracks of the production side of the corporate food regime: "food from somewhere" and "food from nowhere". "Food from somewhere" is high quality food with packaging and labelling that includes the place of origin. "Food from nowhere" is highly produced food with relatively lower nutritional value, the ingredients of which come from varied sources and are inherently global. This paper focuses on the consumers of each track. Which people are buying and eating 'food from somewhere' and 'food from nowhere? How have buying and eating patterns changed during the current food price crisis? How do these tracks and changes solidify the corporate food regime? 

February 5, 2014
(Rescheduled for February 19, 2014)
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:
Aetas Horatiana: Reading Horace's Odes in Twelfth-Century England and France 
Presented by Tina Chronopoulos Assistant Professor (Classical & Near Eastern Studies), this project centres on a twelfth-century school-room commentary on the lyric poetry of the Classical Roman author Horace. Chronopoulos examines this commentary, akin to contemporary CliffsNotes, to tease out what it can tell us about its students but also its writer. Specifically, the talk will concentrate on what the commentator/teacher is trying to teach his students, the ways in which he interprets Horace's 1,200-year old poetry for his charges in a way that makes sense to them.

January 29, 2014
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "From Demons to Ducklings: Travels of the Buddha in Medieval Tuscany"
Presented by: Olivia Holmes, Associate Professor (English)
This talk is a circumscribed part of my larger research project on how Giovanni Boccaccio's fourteenth-century framed story-collection, the Decameron, transmits and transforms the inherited narratives that were its source materials. The Decameron draws on a wide array of didactic story-telling traditions, including Aesopic fables, collections of historical anecdotes, saints' lives, and example-collections for preachers, also modeling its frame-tale on those of eastern story-collections. One such narrative with embedded stories that Boccaccio plundered was a Christianized version of the life of Buddha that circulated widely in medieval Europe as the Legend of Saints Barlaam and Josaphat, in which the monk Barlaam tells prince Josaphat (a corruption of Sanscript bodhisattva) a series of nine moral tales or apologues. Some of the embedded tales enjoyed independent circulation, one in particular as a sort of iconographic emblem of the folly of unthinking delight in the pleasures of the world. Boccaccio specifically engages two of the stories, the tale of the caskets, later made famous by Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, and a transgressive tenth apologue told by an evil sorcerer about the power of carnal desire. Boccaccio incorporates the latter into an authorial digression in defense of both his female audience and his choice of amorous subject matter, changing the word "demons" to "ducklings" in it, however, and reversing the tale's usual ideological charge. 


Fall 2013

December 4, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Global Food Shocks & the Crisis of Socio-Ecological Reproduction"
Presented by: Diana Gildea, Dean's Research Fellow
The current distribution and market pricing system serve to price food outside the reach of millions. Unique to this food price crisis is the widely held belief that it harkens the end of cheap food altogether. The conjuncture of these food price shocks with other crises (economic, environmental) have led to transformed, new, and emergent, forms of food consumption and household reproduction. If it is the end of cheap food, then families must find new ways to cope with the "new normal". This presentation discusses these global and national processes, explores how they play out in New York's Southern Tier, and sketches how these experiences illuminate the unfolding crisis of socio-ecological reproduction.  

November 20, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Lordship and Commune: A Comparative Study of Building and Decorating in Reims and Amiens"
Presented by: Barbara Abou El Haj, Associate Professor (Art History)
This project is a comparative study of two cathedrals built competitively in very different circumstances: Reims (ca.1211- ca.1260), the coronation cathedral, a premier archdiocese ruled by an archbishop-count, and his suffragan cathedral, Amiens (ca.1220- ca.1264), a self-ruled commune, independent of episcopal jurisdiction for one hundred years before the new cathedral was begun. It assesses this history in the modern era as well. Churches are either affirmed or understood as consensual, but in both cases tremendous resistance can be detected. My aim is also to bring locals into these histories. 

November 13, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:
 "Becoming 'Authentic' Iban within 'Contagious' Iban Culture: Young Women's Same Sex Relationship in South Korea"
Presented by: Layoung Shin, Doctoral Fellow (Anthropology)
Fan-costume-play, or fan-cos, emerged and become popular in the early 2000s as teenage women perform as popular boy-band singers. Focusing on the aspects of fan-cos as performance of masculinity and as liberating space for teenage female ibans (lesbians), I examine how the young women mobilize and constitute themselves as masculine fan-cospers and also as sexually desiring of and desirable to other young women. The paper is divided into three sections. In "Performing Masculinity," I examine the object of performance and the meaning of masculinity that fan-cospers understand, revealing that drag is not only about gender but also about positive self-construction. I argue that masculinity in fan-cos does not mean patriarchal oppression but also it becomes complicated because of their modeling themselves on gay men image in fan-fiction. The second section, "Becoming Authentic Iban" discusses how the teenage female ibans designate themselves positively, differentiating them from both "lesbian" and "fan-fic iban". It shows how the young women understand their desire interrelated with the representation of male same-sex sexuality, fan-fiction. Through this, it reveals how "authenticity" in sexual desire and identity becomes the focus of discussion and the importance of alternative representation of sexuality. The third section, "Contagious Iban Community," examines another factor which teenage female ibans report as influential in their self-constituting process such as girls' schools and fan-cos groups, since the spaces are liberating place for them to come out freely without worrying about discrimination different from outside world. 

November 6, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Sixth Crusade: Antichrist, Fredrick II, and Muslims in Western Eschatology"

Presented by: Ilana Ben-Ezra, Undergraduate Fellow (History and Political Science)
In this talk, Ben-Ezra will examine how Christian understandings of Muslims' roles in the apocalypse changed following Emperor Fredrick II's Sixth Crusade in 1229. The presentation will discuss how Fredrick's Sixth Crusade tied into complicated thirteenth-century politics that pitted the emperor against the papacy, and led to propaganda campaigns against Fredrick's legitimacy as emperor. Fredrick acquisition of Jerusalem through a lease with Al-Kamil, instead of conquering the city like an ideal crusader, Muslims became proof of Fredrick's Antichrist-like nature for the papacy and its allies. On the other hand, pro-imperial authors avoided connecting Muslims and Fredrick II because Fredrick's enemies were using that association in the propaganda campaign against him. Ben-Ezra will argue that Muslims were significant because of their associations and connotations, not because of their independent actions.

October 30, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "In the Neighborhood of Empire: Baku Communities in the Interwar Period"
Presented by: Heather DeHaan, Associate Professor (History)
DeHaan's project examines neighborhood life in Baku between the first and second world wars. It attempts to explore Soviet ethnic relations through a horizontal, neighbor-to-neighbor prism rather than through the vertical state-society prism that dominates Soviet studies. This talk will grapple with the research challenge posed by a topic that defies the organizational logic of Soviet governance (and, thus, of the Soviet archives).

October 23, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Infrastructure and Regional Integration around the Bosphorus: Material Futures or Political Dreamscapes?"

Presented by: Bilge Firat O'Hearn, Visiting Fellow (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Istanbul Technical University)
The construction of railroads, highways, pipelines, tunnels, canals and bridges come as a result of a specific imagination and construction of an integrated region. Critics of the role of technological advancement in fostering social, economic, political and cultural integration between the centers and peripheries argue that many such projects remain as political dreamscapes instead of serving successful examples of transregional integration. Today, the idea of fostering region-wide transnational integration by means of infrastructural projects interconnecting states and peoples operates beyond sheer political economic calculation. Despite criticisms querying the viability of infrastructural regionalism as a working means for transnational regional integration, novel political dreamscapes are open to new client networks from the European-Asian peripheries but their implications remain uncharted. Infrastructure and Regional Integration around the Bosphorus: Material Futures or Political Dreamscapes?, explores whether deeper integration between Turkey and Europe might come about by means of material infrastructures in fields like energy and transport. Currently being promoted as a bridge and energy hub between Europe, Asia and the Middle East, Turkey champions infrastructural integration in order to further its position as a strong trade partner and political ally of states in these regions. Turkey's economic, political and culturally nationalist policies towards former Soviet Turkic Republics, its imperial history in the Middle East, and more recently its pending membership in the EU are seen as opportunities by political and economic elites. This research examines Turkey's materially existing and planned integration with Europe by querying the role of and connection between materiality and culture. We will look into some of these projects of "political dreamscape" on energy and transport infrastructures already exiting and under construction connecting Turkey, from the East to the West, to its adjacent regions. 

October 16, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "
Access to Essential Medicines: Why We Should Support the Global Health Impact Campaign"
Presented by: Nicole Hassoun, Associate Professor (Philosophy)
The problems of global health are truly terrible. Millions suffer and die from diseases like tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria. One way of addressing these problems is via a Global Health Impact labeling campaign. The idea is to use a newly developed rating system for pharmaceutical companies' key impacts on global health to incentivize positive change. The best companies, in a given year, can be given a license to use a Global Health Impact label on all of their products – everything from lip balm to food supplements. Highly rated companies will have an incentive to use the label to garner a larger share of the market. If even a small percentage of consumers promote global health by purchasing Global Health Impact products, the incentive to use this label will be substantial. If consumption of Global Health Impact goods reaches one percent of the market in generic and over the-counter medications, alone, that will create about US $360 million-worth of incentives for pharmaceutical companies to become Global Health Impact certified by expanding access to effective medicines needed by the global poor. Companies will have a large incentive to improve their global health impact. If Global Health Impact labeling is successful, it will give companies a reason to produce drugs that will save millions of lives. One might wonder, however, whether consumers have any moral obligation to purchase Global Health Impact certified goods or whether doing so is even morally permissible. This paper suggests that if the proposal is implemented, purchasing Global Health Impact certified goods is at least morally permissible, if not morally required. Very roughly, this paper defends the following argument:
1. Pharmaceutical companies have violated, or at least failed to live up to, their obligations.
2. It is at least permissible, if not morally required, for consumers to withdraw their economic support from companies that have violated, or failed to live up to, their obligations.
C. So it is at least permissible, if not morally required, for consumers to withdraw their economic support from pharmaceutical companies.
If this argument is successful, it might be extended to support purchasing other kinds of ethically labeled products as well. 

October 9, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Narcissistic Sensibilities: The Erotics of an Imagined Self in English and German Novels of the Eighteenth Century"

Presented by: Doctoral Fellow, Kristine Jennings (Comparative Literature)
In both England and Germany, the age of sensibility and the literature it produced could be seen as symptoms of a newly conceptualized sex-gender system whose far-reaching consequences are still felt today. The emerging polarization of public and private spheres and the gendered division of labor reinforced changing definitions of masculinity and femininity while the emphasis on the bourgeois family made heterosexuality almost compulsory. A new scientific discourse marked men's and women's bodies as incommensurate opposites, grounding both essential gender differences and male-female desire in "nature." It also effectively desexualized women, claiming that their libidos were much less developed and removing sexual pleasure from their role in procreation. While the culture of sensibility can be seen as the logical outgrowth of these dominant discourses in its emphasis both on idealized (passive, chaste, and modest) femininity and romanticized love (between men and women), it also revealed the repressions inherent in these constructions and offered new ways of expressing desire and sexuality. Women's normatively greater sensibility, i.e. emotional sensitivity and impressionability, can also be understood as a greater capacity for imagination. Fears about women's sexuality were thus displaced to the private spaces of fantasy and the dangerous pleasures of the imagination, and this issue is taken up in much of the period's literature. In many of the novels produced by women in the latter half of the eighteenth century, I suggest, women's erotic experiences become directed inwards and are centered on fantasies of the self that disrupt or resist these conventions of gender and the heteronormative dictates of desire.   

October 2, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "What Cinema Isn't: Will and Blindness in Fritz Lang"

Presented by: Brian Wall, Associate Professor, Cinema Department
The idea of cinema as manipulation has a history that extends from its beginnings to the present. In Lang's Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler (1922), the titular super villain claims, "There is no fortune—there is only the Will-to-Power"; and he asserts his will via his hypnotic gaze, a gaze that allegorizes film as a medium, even suggesting its own will-to-power. Cinema here seems less a representation of reality than an intervention within it, as it lays claim to the ability to pull strings both psychic and social and so shape the world. But if this is so, what then do Lang's assorted blind characters come to suggest about the will, the gaze, and especially about cinema itself? The balloon vendor in M (1931), the spy on the train in Cloak and Dagger (1946), and the medium Cornelius in Die 1000 Augen des Dr. Mabuse (1960) cannot see us: they refuse to mark a place for the spectator, and so seem to disdain the hypnotic and indeed even visual purview of the cinematic apparatus. Equally unconcerned with realism and manipulation, these blind figures evoke a confounding negative ontology I wish to explore: what is a cinema without mimesis, gaze, will, or audience? 

September 25, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:  '"To Wage the Peace':
The 1965 Immigration Act and the Cold War Politics of Immigration Reform"
Presented by: Wendy Wall (Associate Professor, History)  
This project explores the Cold War politics that produced and shaped the Immigration Act of 1965.  Both scholarly and popular works have dealt extensively with the consequences of that act, but the politics that led to its passage have received surprisingly little attention.  Scholars have often portrayed the act as the inevitable product of a postwar liberal consensus without exploring how that consensus was forged or shaped by religious groups, ethnic and civic organizations, academics, State Department officials, and even key members of Congress.   This project attempts to change that by restoring a sense of contingency and a multiplicity of voices to the story of postwar immigration reform.  Along the way, it explores the factors that led to two key policy decisions embedded in the act (beyond the abandonment of national origins quotas): the extension of an immigration cap to the Western hemisphere and the prioritization of family reunification over skills.  In addressing these issues, this project looks to America's Cold War foreign policy concerns, as well as to the era's emphasis on religious nationalism and domestic ideology.

September 18, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Up Against the Wall: Guerrilla Discourse and DIY Media in 1960's Manhattan"

Presented by: Doctoral Fellow Matt Applegate (Comparative Literature)
This presentation surveys and situates the media, art, and propaganda of the Manhattan based art collective Black Mask/Up Against the Wall Motherfucker in a short history of guerrilla discourse and tactics in the United States. I have two explicit goals here. First, I outline Black Mask's aesthetic interventions in political discourse and underscore the collective's departure from mass political movements in the 1960's. Thinking and working at a remove from organizations like the SDS (Students for a Democratic Society), or anti-Vietnam struggles more generally, Black Mask dubbed itself a "street gang with an analysis," favoring anonymous and clandestine acts of resistance to state power and the capitalist mode of production. Second, I work to situate the aesthetic and conceptual work of the collective as precursors to contemporary forms of resistance that deploy digital technologies to achieve similar forms of anonymity and secrecy. Where contemporary groups like Anonymous and Lulzsec share similar political desires to that of Black Mask, I am explicitly interested in how Black Mask's aesthetic categories prefigure the contemporary digital turn. 

September 11, 2013
he 2013-14 IASH Fellows' Speaker Series will begin with a presentation by Adam Laats, Assistant Professor in Binghamton University's Graduate School of Education, entitled "Democracy" and American Education, 1930-1960.
What should America's schools be teaching its young people? We might all believe in teaching the good, the beautiful, and the true, but the devil has always been in the details. For example, do we need to believe in God? We might politely agree to disagree, but in public schools, Americans have long been forced to hammer out awkward compromises about it.
These debates often swirl around contested definition of keywords. Politically, for instance, it is difficult to contest the notion that America's public school should teach the values of "democracy." Yet, as this talk explores, conservative activists have often brandished sometimes-idiosyncratic definitions of "democracy" as central elements of school reform. During the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, conservatives often insisted that "teaching democracy" meant instilling the traditions of American society and government. Unlike progressive educators and social scientists, who insisted that "democracy" required the questioning of received wisdom, conservatives fought for a vision of "democracy" that hoped to pass along that wisdom.

Spring 2013

April 24, 2013

IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Sonic Color-Line: Race and The Cultural Politics of Listening in America"
Presented by: Jennifer Stoever-Ackerman, Assistant Professor (English)
In this talk, Stoever-Ackerman argues that there is a sonic dimension to W.E.B. Du Bois's concept of the color-line that has long gone unheard. She amplifies the aurality of Du Bois's thought to better understand the continued potency of race over one hundred years after his prophetic proclamation that 'the problem of the twentieth-century is the problem of the color-line.' Because the color-line has been so often viewed in terms of visible differences—skin color, hair texture and lip contour—and the power differentials resulting from the racialized 'gaze,' race has continued to register in other less-examined sensory dimensions, the sonic in particular. While Stoever-Ackerman does not deny that vision is a powerful influence in the construction of race, she uses Du Bois's work to think through the complex ways in which sound has acted both alone and in concert with visual racial discourses. Rather than reifying vision as totalizing, she points out its epistemological gaps and stake a claim for the importance of sound as a critical modality through which the structures of racist violence are (re)produced, apprehended, and resisted. Influenced by Du Bois, she has termed the aural dimension of race 'the sonic color-line.' The sonic color-line is a socially constructed boundary where racial difference is produced, coded, and policed. It insulates and preserves the logic of white supremacy, while sounding out the perimeters that supremacist thought places on black freedom, identity, mobility, and citizenship.


April 17, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Disciplines and the University, Today and Tomorrow: Social Humanities, Historical Social Science, and What Kind of Science" Presented by: Richard E. Lee, Professor (Sociology) and Director of Fernand Braudel Center 
Academic disciplines and the departments that house them did not drop out of the sky or spring fully-formed from the head of Zeus. They came into being part and parcel with specific historical conditions and just as they came into existence as human products, they can likewise expire. It will be the argument of this presentation that our inherited disciplinary complex has already lost its intellectual grounding and survives primarily as an increasingly counterproductive set of bounded institutional spaces. As one might expect, there are already efforts afoot to investigate alternative, more useful, ways of organizing knowledge, its production, that is research, and its reproduction, that is teaching. Two concrete undertakings, social humanities and historical social science, will be considered, as will the impact of collapsing foundations on the sciences. How we answer the question of the future of the disciplines has implications for universities. There are a limited number of possible patterns of (re)organization. The "winners," and not all will even survive, will be those institutions that seek, with cool-headed reflection, not necessarily to approximate the best the twentieth century had to offer, but rather to find ways to capitalize on their unique historical strengths in reinventing themselves in the context of a radically altered cognitive space.

April 10, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Social Production of Meaning: Parallelism as a Semiotic Principle"
Presented by: Douglas Glick, Associate Professor (Anthropology)
This paper explores a widespread semiotic principle grounding the social production of meaning by example. It looks at the operation of parallelism in the televised acceptance speech through which Barak Obama accepted his first term presidency. More specifically, the paper analyzes the way in which President-Elect Obama ritually transformed himself into America's first African-American President. It begins with a simple question. How did Obama's performance of the speech enact a balanced transformation of Obama from a minority candidate, with known blocks of liberal supporters, into a President-Elect worthy of the entire country's support? In exploring how this was done, both verbally and visually, the paper details the speech's reliance on a powerful parallelism within Obama's acceptance speech. A semiotic analysis explores how repeating clusters of verbal and non-verbal signs work together around the phrase, "Yes we can". Through their varied intonation and discursive location in different narrative framings, Obama shifts his identity subtly back and forth between different aspects of his identity. The movement across the real-time delivery of these parallel sign-complexes indexes identities and ideologies that appeal to different constituencies. By the speech's close, they have ritually transformed him in real time into an identity that (in line with dominant political ideologies) unites all Americans around him. In addition, the televised nature of the event allows analysis of non-verbal signs that played a role in the coherent efficacy of the ritual. For example, overlapping with Obama's words, it is interesting to note when and how the camera cuts to shots of particular groups or individuals such as African-Americans (from 'local' Chicago), average White Americans and even a crying Jesse Jackson. In general then the paper investigates the process by which political change is enacted in and through ritualized events. 

April 3, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Future and Once: Community and Affiliation in King Arthur's Court"
Presented by: Kara Maloney, Graduate Fellow (English)
In this paper, Maloney will provide a post-colonial reading of one of King Arthur's knights, taking into consideration his textual origins as well as shifts in characterization across the ninth through fifteenth centuries. The textual tradition of King Arthur and his knights spans over a millennium and a half, and while the tradition originated in the British Isles in the 6th century, it has since spread to encompass literature throughout the world. As such, the texts of the Arthurian canon are one of the contact zones where multiple sociopolitical entities interact to create a new community. Maloney examines the numerous cross-cultural interactions and interplays of power that took place within medieval Western Europe by looking at the Arthurian canon through the lens of the character as both knight of the Round Table as well as Arthur's traditional antagonist. If we trace how that character's imaginary affiliations have shifted, we can establish the importance of contemporary geographical affiliation and how this was established on the basis of a regional community, rather than being based on the political influence of a larger kingdom. Maloney would like to explore the character's connections to identity based on this characterization, and how regional and ethnic identities intersect and were portrayed in the medieval West. 

March 13, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Politics of the Soul: Passions, Factions, Akrasia"
Presented by: Carlos Cortissoz, Graduate Fellow (Philosophy-SPEL) 
Departing from Plato's "City-Soul Analogy" Cortissoz will explore a notion of the individual mind as a political structure, that is, as a web of mental states in a political relation with each other and with the collective mental states they are linked to. Cortissoz shows how this understanding sheds light on common problems in moral psychology such as the problem of akrasia or weakness of the will. 

February 27, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Sugar, Slavery and Landscape in 19th Century Cuba: A Visual History"
Presented by: Dale Tomich, Professor (Sociology)
During the first half of the 19th century, Cuba pioneered the industrialization of cane sugar production and dominated the world sugar market while employing a slave labor force. Tomich will analyze the relation between technological innovation, space and slavery in the formation of the Cuban sugar frontier through the use of a variety of visual sources including lithographs, maps, technical drawings and photographs.

February 20, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Renaissance: Inter-Disciplinary Approaches" Presented by: Richard MacKenney, Professor (History)
The project explores the potential of the Renaissance in Italy and Europe for interdisciplinary study at graduate level. There are four notional components: the classical tradition, humanism, the visual arts and architecture, the Shakespearean stage. The presentation will set out some of the possibilities across the humanities, and will invite suggestions and guidance from specialists who may care to attend.

February 13, 2013
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Food Regime Transitions, Then and Now"
Presented by: Diana Gildea, Dean's Research Fellow 
This presentation takes a first cut at an integrated comparison of the transitional period of food regimes – British to the United States in the 1930s and the decline of the US food regime as illustrated by the current food crisis. Using a world-ecology perspective, Gildea will look at the parallels, linkages, and differences in national policies, interstate politics, food production practices, and household strategies for surviving in both eras.


Fall 2012

December 5, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Nietzsche on Truth and Politics"

Presented by: Robert Guay, Associate Professor (Philosophy)
Nietzsche's account of truth is usually taken as an offering a radical form of skepticism or relativism. Guay will argue that Nietzsche's main interest in truth was in identifying a conflict between a transcendent sense of truth and a sense of truth required to govern linguistic and epistemic practices; Nietzsche's concern was that a common conflation of these senses leads to harmful effects on a variety of social practices.

November 28, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Herzog Ernst B: An Experiment in Narration and Nation Building"
Presented by: Rosmarie Morewedge, Associate Professor (German & Russian Studies)
Morewedge shall address the literary transformations of the pre-courtly historical minstrel epic (aka Spielmannsepos) Herzog Ernst B, tracing these transformations back to various genres that emerged in 12th century narration in medieval Germany. Heroic song, legend, the fabulous journey, the journey to the other world, chanson de geste, crusading tale, chronicle, folk tale, romance—all these genres have left their traces in this historical medieval epic. They demonstrate on the one hand the fluidity of genres, but on the other hand also the experimentation with genres in the attempt to develop shared political power. Morewedge shall turn especially to the instrumentalization of narrative motifs in the service of political ideology that focused on the interaction of the sacred and the secular order to bring about just government.

November 14, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Islands of the Rational: Race, Decolonization and the Dialogics of Modernity in Richard Wright's late work"

Presented by: Joseph Keith, Assistant Professor (English)
This talk focuses on the political, epistemological and formal dimensions of the cosmopolitanproject that the writer Richard Wright fashioned out of his self-exile from the U.S. during the Cold War, especially in a number of non-fiction works on the decolonizing world (Black Power, White Man Listen! and The Color Curtain). Keith will explore in particular the paradoxical position of race within Wright's cosmopolitan vision. On one hand, Wright's self-declared condition of "unbelonging" lays claim to the position of"citizen of the world" and inheritor of modernity's ideals of universal freedom. At the same time, his enforced racialized un-belonging testifies to the limits of modernity's ideals – that is, it emerges explicitly out of modernity's failure. This paradox, Keith argues, is one that haunts these later works – namely how to diagnose the ills of modernity while still hanging on to its implicit and emancipatory project. That is, how to lay claim to modernity's libratory standpoint while animating the logics of disavowal (of racial and colonial violence) upon which those principles were founded.

November 7, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "From Pole to Pole Resounding: Epideictic, Performativity, and Musical Rhetoric in John Dryden's "Albion and Albanius"
Presented by: Andrew Walkling, Dean's Assistant Professor (Early Modern Studies)
John Dryden and Louis Grabu's 1685 operatic extravaganza Albion and Albanius constitutes the high-water mark of multimedia theatrical spectacle in the English Restoration period. At the same time, it has long been denigrated -- by contemporary critics and modern scholars alike -- for its alleged literary and musical superficiality. Yet the work in fact represents a significant contribution to the operatic form, offering innovative approaches to musical characterization, structural articulation, and the establishment of overlapping but complementary systems of allegoresis. Through an exploration of these factors, this paper seeks to reposition Albion and Albanius as a generically and politically pioneering work -- offered up by two of the leading artistic figures of the day -- whose importance in the history of English opera has not hitherto been fully appreciated.

October 31, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Psychology of the State: Plato, Virtue Politics and the Collective Mind"
Presented by: Carlos Cortissoz, Graduate Fellow (Philosophy-SPEL)
Departing from Plato's so called "City-Soul Analogy" Cortissoz will explore the conceptual possibility to conceive of a collective mind, bearer of genuinely collective mental states. There really are desires, beliefs, fears, etc. that we hold as a group, and are not reducible to a function of the individual ones. Political communities are to be conceived of as complex fabrics of collective mental states and not as sets of conventional institutions. Justice is then not a virtue of interpersonal relationships (enforced upon individuals through institutional arrangements), but the fundamental virtue of a group agent. 

October 24, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Patient Rights and the Mentally Ill: Deinstitutionalization in the Late 1960s"
Presented by: Amanda Levine, Undergraduate Fellow (Philosophy, Politics and Law)
The concept of patient rights for the mentally ill was extremely limited until the middle of the 20th Century. These patients were often considered a public health risk due to the symptoms of their illnesses and were often placed into long-term institutions to isolate them from the community. In the 1960s, mental health treatment moved away from the institutional model in a process known as deinstitutionalization. This movement provided new treatment options that focused on greater freedom and choice for the patients. However, it is not clear how much of a role patient rights played in the decision to deinstitutionalize. Levine will analyze the role that patients' rights played into this decision by examining a variety of primary source documents for evidence indicating the prominence of patient rights arguments. 

October 10, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Censorship and Cooperation in Salt of the Earth"Presented by: Scott Henkel, Assistant Professor (English)
Henkel's paper focuses on the struggles of the Latina protagonists in Herbert Biberman's suppressed film Salt of the Earth, a fictional retelling of a miners' strike in New Mexico in which the spouses and sisters of the miners take over the strike after the men have been threatened with arrest. The characters in the film face a choice: to maintain a traditional gender hierarchy and lose the strike, or to adopt a more horizontal gender relationship, and have the potential to win. By reading the content and context of the film—Biberman was one of the "Hollywood Ten" blacklistees—Henkel argues that, contrary to much recent research on the topic, free speech is linked to problems of cooperation, and moments when that cooperation reaches its limits.

October 3, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "House of Dreams: The Story of L. M. Montgomery, author of "Anne of Green Gables"
Presented by: Liz Rosenberg, Professor (English)
Rosenbergwill be reading from and speaking about her new biography of L M Montgomery, HOUSE OF DREAMS, to be published by Candlewick Press in 2014. L M Montgomery is the most popular writer in Canadian Literature, author of the children's classic ANNE OF GREEN GABLES, as well as more than thirty other books. A poet, memoirist, short story writer, biographer and novelist, her own life was a checkered existence of light and dark. Rosenberg will be speaking about Montgomery's struggle to make her own tale of abandonment into one of rescue. Open to questions and lively discussion. Fans of ANNE OF GREEN GABLES welcome.

September 19, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Articulations of Homes in Literatures of South Asia and the South Asian Diaspora: Coloniality, Partition, and 9/11"
Presented by: Diviani Chaudhuri, Graduate Fellow (Comparative Literature)
This project examines representations of home--in terms of belonging, place, metaphor and materiality--in a set of counter-commemorative narratives arising from South Asia and the South Asian diaspora that seek to engage with and (re-)write three historical moments of violent crises: the colonial encounter of Britain and British India at the moment of the partition of the British Indian province of Bengal in 1905 and the concomitant rise of militant 'Hindu Nationalism' mobilised especially via the swadeshi movement; the Partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947 at the moment of decolonisation and its legacy of the 'national trauma' of ethnic cleansing and communal violence; and the September 11 terrorist attacks of 2001 at the moment of rising and unevenly distributed globalisms, hybridisms and fundamentalisms. Chaudhuri will argue that these narratives--Rabindranath Tagore's The Home and the World (1915-16), Bapsi Sidhwa's Ice-Candy-Man (1988), and Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2007) -- articulate a home-formation at the intersection of discourses on nationalism, masculinity and domesticity while at the same time providing a critique of and exceptions to the same.

September 12, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Mecca of the American Syphilitic: Doctors, Patients and Disease Identity in Hot Springs, Arkansas, 1890-1940"
Presented by: Elliott Bowen, Graduate Fellow (History)
Between the 1890s and 1940s, the city of Hot Springs brandished a reputation as the "Mecca of the American Syphilitic." Throughout these five decades, the thousands of syphilis-stricken individuals who yearly journeyed to Hot Springs exerted a powerful impact on the ways in which medical authorities dealt with venereal disease. Bringing the experiences of the city's venereal voyagers to the fore, this study offers a uniquely "bottom-up" approach to the history of sexually-transmitted diseases, contending that those who suffered from syphilis played a much greater role in shaping responses to the early twentieth-century's "venereal peril" than has hither to been recognized.

Spring 2012

May 9, 2012

IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Other Side of Abolition"
Presented by: Lisa Yun, Associate Professor (English, AAAS)
While a significant body of literature and scholarship exists on the African slave passage, slaveholders, and masters, comparatively little has been studied about the Asian coolie passage and their American and European masters. This paper examines period maritime literature and documents, such as ship journals, captain's letters, crew testimonies, newspaper and novel accounts, with particular attention to the backdrop of abolition and slavery that shadows the traffic. What might these materials reveal about the masters of new slavery and their role in the hierarchies of power? The discussion of these materials expands our understandings of coercion, slavery, and racialization. 

May 2, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "From Regionalism to Programmatic Competition: Korean Political Parties Under Transformation"
Presented by: Yoonkyung Lee, Assistant Professor (Sociology, AAAS) 
This study examines how Korean parties have changed regarding their nature of partisan competition in recent elections and explains how these changes were made possible. The paper demonstrates it is not simply Korean voters' mounting socioeconomic grievances that generated political parties' move from regionalism to programmatic competition but the growing interactions between political parties and social movement actors that enabled the career politicians with social movement background to become responsive to the growing pressure from the politically dissatisfied voters. 

April 25, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Translating Rigoberta Menchú and (Re)Constructing the Story of All Poor Guatemalans"
Presented by: Erin Riddle, Graduate Fellow (Comparative Literature)
The book "Me llamo Rigoberta Menchú y así me nació la conciencia" (1983) was written by Elizabeth Burgos, who recorded Menchu's testimonio, transcribed the recordings and edited the text, dividing it into chapters and adding and deleting information. The text was then translated into English by Ann Wright and published as I, Rigoberta Menchú (1984). Even though Burgos is recognized in her role as a co-writer of Menchú's life and her community's history, little recognition is given to the role that that Wright played in reconstructing this life narrative and history for an English-reading audience. I will argue that scholarship based on this translated text cannot ignore the role of translation in constructing Menchu's life narrative for the target community. The English text is the product of Menchú, Burgos, and Wright, and therefore a text that offers a different understanding of Menchú, her agenda, and the community that she claims to represent. In addition, Wright's translation is often cited in English language scholarship as the model Latin American testimonio as a genre and is has been at the center of controversy and debate over the truthfulness of Menchú's narrative. The way this translation was transformed to appeal the emerging interest in subaltern studies, as Riddle will argue, and an emerging North American postcolonial approach to "history" told from the perspective of the "native informant" and a subsequent desire for the subaltern to "speak" is often not part of the discourse, however. In addition, Riddle will review some of the existing literature related to the controversy over Menchú's testimony and how those participating in the discussion often do not acknowledge the role of the translator and translation in constructing this text and the life story of Menchú, as well as Guatemalans as a collective foreign community.

April 18, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Process Gives Way to Product: A Theory of Grading Student Writing"
Presented by Kelly Kinney, Assistant Professor of English, General Literature and Rhetoric and Director of the Writing Initiative, winner of the Conference on College Composition and Communication's 2011 Writing Program Certificate of Excellence Coauthored with Roger Gilles and Daniel Royer, "Process Gives Way to Product" examines how rhetoric and writing studies has sidestepped issues of quality in student writing: Instead of grading writing on the merits of a final product, the field has embraced grading systems that honor engagement in a writing process. Our approach to grading is premised on the notion that process gives way to product. Although we remain committed to process pedagogies, we argue that it is time to acknowledge the inevitability of evaluating student writing, and the possibility that grading—practiced as a transparent, public, and communal act—can help students and teachers improve their writing and teaching.

April 11, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:  "Homo Rationalis: Self-Interested Rationality in the Context of Psychological Realism"
Presented by: Leonard Simmons, Undergraduate Fellow (PPL & Political Science)
Homo Economicus is a model of an individual who is rational, self interested, and makes decisions without fault. However, for those who are interested in bettering their decision making, it may be fruitful to adopt a model that is similarly rational and self interested, but in a psychologically realistic context. When we examine this, we see trends in decision making behavior that divide between low and high stakes situations, each with their own benefits for avoiding cognitive biases associated with decision making. This new model, Homo Rationalis, serves to represent how we can use our psychological deficits to our advantage, and make decisions in various scenarios that can outperform the perfect decision maker, Homo Economicus.

March 28, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:  "Structural Justice and the Objects of Responsibility" Presented by: Jessica Payson, Graduate Fellow (Philosophy)
Structural injustice presents unique problems for determining what individuals can be said to carry responsible for. In the most straightforward applications of a causal responsibility model, what individuals are responsible for can be determined by calculating deviations from a given baseline. An individual who causes a certain amount of harm is thought to owe that much in return. In a role-based responsibility model, the content of individuals' responsibilities can be specified by reference to the tasks and expectations associated with the role. An individual's responsibility is determined by reference to her position in a structure, and the content of the responsibility is typically meant to perpetuate this structural framework. Both causal and role-based models of responsibility suggest that the meaning of individuals' responsibilities is self-contained: what an individual is responsible for can be explained only in reference to the individual's own doings or positioning, as measured against either a stable baseline or given structural framework. Efforts towards structural justice, in contrast, aim to question and amend such background structures. Additionally, changes to this background are not brought about by individuals acting discretely, but instead by individuals acting together. The meaning of individual responsibilities is not entirely self-contained, but instead is explicable only through reference to what others are doing to collectively intervene in structural functioning. The topic of this paper is to explain the content of individual responsibilities in this context. If an individual, despite her limited causal effects, can do something meaningful towards justice, what is the "something" that can appropriately be said to carry value? How does an individual contribution become meaningful?

March 21, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:  "Towers of Faith: Eighteenth Century Philippine Fortress Churches"
Presented by Lalaine Little, Graduate Fellow (Art History)
In 1573, King Philip II of Spain issued the Laws of the Indies, which prescribed the standards of city planning for all of Spain's overseas holdings in the Americas and the Philippines. This included the specification that church buildings should serve as a means of military defense. By 1773, Philippine churches had endured not only attacks by neighboring kingdoms south of the archipelago, but also by Spain's European rivals. Further destruction resulted from urban revolt and natural disaster. Lack of manpower and Spain's drained resources from her involvement in international conflicts showed the Philippines to be an unaffordable venture. King Carlos III was advised to prioritize the Philippines' economic potential and physical security over its religious mission through reforms in the governance of the islands. Reforms affected immigration, intercolonial trade, and preemptive military strategies. This presentation will explore the extent to which Philippine church architecture in the late eighteenth century diverged from its earlier European models as the focus of Spanish administration expanded from the primary impetus of saving souls to rescuing Spain's political and commercial interests in Asia.

March 7, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Critically Theorizing African Heterosexuality" Presented by: Nkiru Nzegwu, Professor (Africana)
Heterosexuality remains the norm in Africa despite two pivotal developments – the disproportionate funding of same-sex research by Western donors; and the increasing transformation of same-sex issue into Africa's new cause célèbre. Meanwhile, the combined forces of the two Abrahamic religions (Christianity and Islam), eugenists' racist fears of African sexuality, Western-derived legal codes in most African nations, and feminist theories of women's universal subjugation, have successfully enthroned a moral framework that upholds a notion of heterosexuality that publicly constrains black female agency. In problematizing this alien notion of heterosexuality, this paper explores a different sexual framework, with deep roots in Africa's ontological scheme. The underlying moral values of this scheme accords sexual agency to both sexes; and uncouples African women's sexuality from the restrictive psychological anxieties of purity and decency used to bind it in the last 100 years.

February 29, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "C. L. R. James' Challenge to the Enlightenment Tradition"
Presented by: Scott Henkel, Assistant Professor (English)
As David Scott explains in Conscripts of Modernity: The Tragedy of Colonial Enlightenment, "most of all," C. L. R. James' history of the Haitian Revolution, The Black Jacobins, is "the political biography of this enlightened and inspiring leader, Toussaint L'Ouverture" (10). To make this argument, Scott illustrates the ways in which L'Ouverture was drawn into the Enlightenment tradition, co-opting it at times and resisting it at others. This paper argues that James' other focus in The Black Jacobins, namely the swarmlike behavior of the mass of slaves in revolt, draws upon non-Western conceptions of emancipation, community, and mutual aid which cannot be adequately understood by appeals to the Enlightenment tradition. If The Black Jacobins is the biography of an enlightened and inspiring leader, one whom James calls the "black Spartacus" (250), it is not only that. It is also about that leader's limitations, and the contributions made by the mass of insurgent slaves fighting for their freedom.

February 15, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Ethics of Care and Military Humanitarian Intervention"
Presented by: Jessica Kyle, Graduate Fellow (Philosophy) 
Cases of military humanitarian intervention (MHI) suggest that values promoted by an ethic of care at times take center stage in public policy debates, whatever their general political marginalization. Yet the very appeals to care values used to justify MHI also encourage exceptionalist attitudes toward international law when they hold that the moral urgency of certain humanitarian crises demands unauthorized or otherwise illegal military action. Kyle considers the extent to which the approaches of two prominent care theorists, Virginia Held and Joan Tronto, can address this issue of legal exceptionalism in name of care. Kyle argues that both approaches ultimately contribute to what she calls the problem of global worldlessness—the loss or erosion of the relatively recently emergent global space of politics—and she turns to the Arendtian care value of "amor mundi" or care for the world as a potential counterbalance to other care values during policy deliberations.

February 8, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Vox feminae, vox populi (A Woman's Voice, The People's Voice): Demand for Actresses in the Roman World"
Presented by: John Starks, Assistant Professor, Classical and Near Eastern Studies
Starks presents a chronological and topical overview of the most important primary texts, inscriptions, graffiti, and artifacts at the center of his comprehensive research on actresses in the Greek and Roman worlds. Starks' assembly of these very scattered pieces of evidence viewed through various sociological, historical, and performative lenses will offer insights into the personal and professional lives of these fascinating, and largely forgotten, non-élite women in ancient Mediterranean cultures.

February 1, 2012
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Object of and in Film Theory: The Maltese Falcon (1941)"
Presented by: Brian Wall, Assistant Professor (Cinema) 
Film theory's history might be charted according to its various stances in relation to subject and object. In the heyday of the classical film theory of Bazin and Kracauer, film seemed to promise the redemption of the world of objects by virtue of its technological status, but since it has come to seem more urgent to think of film's object status in terms of the commodity; and in between the classical and contemporary, phenomenology, psychoanalysis and reception studies shifted the focus to subjectivities both on and off-screen. In Wall's presentation he will consider John Houston's seminal film noir as evoking some of the conflicts that arise from these often opposed interpretive modes to very specific ends: what does Sam Spade's relation to the Falcon suggest about our relation to film?


Fall 2011

December 7, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Translating Memory: Jana Hensel's Zonenkinder and the American Anticommunist Framework"
Presented by: Graduate Fellow, Erin Riddle (Comparative Literature)
Recent thinking on the concepts of travel and diaspora, especially with regard to constructing a "hybridized" identity within the diaspora, have shifted the focus from what is "lost" as people travel and enter new communities to how people negotiate and reconstruct their identities in order to be understood and survive. Such an approach can also be productive in rethinking how translated texts are read and critiqued. As texts "travel" as result of translation, they must be adapted to the conventions of the target linguistic and cultural community to be understood and survive in the new context. In addition, such an adaptation reveals differences between the "original" and translating communities and these differences can serve as the foundation for a productive study of the relationship between these two communities. Thus, Riddle's presentation will not focus on what is "lost," but instead on cultural differences and the relationship between the two communities that are made more explicit as a result of translation. A translated memoir—a text that can be described as a personal narrative comprised of observations about others' behavior within a particular social, historical, or political context—in comparison with its "original" reveal the differences in how events are remembered and how such remembering is influenced by what Maurice Halbwachs referred to as the "social frameworks for memory" (38). As an example, Riddle will offer some observations about After the Wall: Confessions of an East German Childhood and the Life that Came Next, the English translation by the American journalist Jefferson Chase of Jana Hensel's German language memoir Zonenkinder. Chase's translation conforms to an American anticommunist discourse that presents East Germans as victims of the Soviet Union who benefitted from the pressure and intervention of Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush. This approach to Chase's translation confirms to and also reinforces the existing construction of East German history from the American perspective. Furthermore, Riddle will show how Hensel's text in German was polemic and generated much public debate about how East Germany was "remembered," but in the United States the text is often read as a definitive account of the essential East German experience. Based on these observations, Riddle will argue that this approach to studying translated texts can offer an opportunity for the domestic community to reflect on how the memory and history of the foreign is constructed.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

November 30, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series:  "Living with Pop: Mass Media Imagery and American Influence in the Art of 1960s West Germany"
Presented by: Undergraduate Fellow, Tracy Stuber (Department's of Art History and German Studies)
Stuber will present case studies of three artists working in West Germany in the 1960s - Sigmar Polke and Hans-Peter Feldmann in Dusseldorf and Peter Roehr in Frankfurt – who utilized mass media imagery in their work.  The visual similarities of their work to contemporary American Pop Art reveal their awareness of such artistic practices and their West German reception. However, Stuber will show these artists to be less concerned with consumer culture than with the reproduced image itself, particularly as it functioned, and could function, in the political, artistic and intellectual conditions characterizing the tumultuous decade in which the artists worked.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

November 16, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "From Coolies to Model Minorities: Retelling the Pacific Passage"
Presented by: Lisa Yun, Associate Professor in the Departments of English and of Asian and Asian American Studies 
Yun will discuss the transformation of popular discourses regarding Asians as "coolies" to Asians as "model minorities." Her talk includes discussion of Asian diasporic passages that complicate this trajectory of liberal progress.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

November 9, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "A deeper breath": From Body to Spirit in Kiss Me Deadly" (1955)
Presented by: Brian Wall, Assistant Professor (Cinema)
Film noir has typically been construed as one of the most materially inflected genres or styles of Hollywood film, speaking to issues arising out of postwar economic and psychic malaise, contested gender and class positions, and new and changing contours of urban space. As such noir has been taken up enthusiastically by a film studies that has whole-heartedly embraced the methods and politics of cultural studies.  It has pointedly done so in order to reject the so-called "high theory" of an earlier generation, and thick empirical description now replaces what are thought to be the abstract excesses of a Lacan or Althusser.  But Robert Aldrich's film has some sobering surprises in store for the materialist historiographer: through a close reading of some key scenes of the film Wall wishes to trace the ways in which we are compelled to think beyond the seemingly self-evident materiality of bodies and commodities, and even to confront some of the cultural historian's unthought philosophical commitments--how finally we might conceive of material and philosophical interpretation as dialectically entwined.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

November 2, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Ernst Jünger's Total Moment: 'Das Abenteuerliche Herz' and 20th century European Aesthetics"
Presented by: Harald Zils, Assistant Professor, German and Russian Studies
Ernst Jünger's collection of prose miniatures "Das Abenteuerliche Herz" (1929/38) is a rare example of surrealism in German literature. Its short pieces try to apprehend a "meaning" that can only be communicated to some, and only as allusions. The presentation focuses on two aspects of the work: on the epistemological grip on the world that the text suggests, and on privileged readings as a critical method.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

October 26, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "DVD Compilations of Hindi Film Songs: (Re) Shuffling Sound, Stardom and Cinephilia"
Presented by: Monika Mehta, Associate Professor, English Department
DVD compilations of Hindi film music offer a particularly rich site for exploring how DVD technology has re-structured sound, stardom and cinephilia as the songs are untethered from the filmic narrative and re-classified. Exploiting the flexibility of the DVD technology as well as its storage potential, these song and dance sequences are often extracted, re-packaged, and sold separately from films. These compilations mobilize established pleasures and affections by offering audiences songs of a favorite star, director, playback singer, production house or use popular themes such as weddings and love to entice them.  While audio technologies only offered sound, DVDs lured audiences with the additional promise of high quality visual images. As these compilations compete and jostle with old and new technologies, how do they define stardom and cinephilia? What kinds of affective relationships do they foster? My points of inquiry into these questions will be Yash Raj Films, The Legend Shah Rukh Khan and Lata A Journey as well as Vanilla Music's The Best of Madhuri Dixit and The Best of King Khan Shahrukh Khan. The compilations, produced by the famed and established Yash Raj Films, generate stable star images of the actor Shah Rukh Khan and the playback singer Lata Mangeshkar, aligned with the persona of the production house. In contrast, the little-known, Vanilla Music's unofficial compilations, by providing more songs than Yash Raj Films, unwittingly, present more complex histories of stardom. By (re)shuffling the histories of "visual" and "aural" stars, (un)official compilations promote intergenerational audiophilia and cinephilia.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

October 19, 2011 
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Moral Failure"
Presented by: Lisa Tessman, Associate Professor in Binghamton University's Philosophy Department
Tessman's aim is (i) to bring to light the experience of the unavoidable moral failure that takes place when the needs or vulnerabilities of others generate impossible moral requirements, and (ii) to reconsider the question of moral demandingness given such moral requirements. That there is "inescapable moral wrongdoing"[i] has been recognized in some of the literature on moral dilemmas. Tessman argues that there can be inescapable moral failures even outside of dilemmatic situations, and that these failures can be revealed within a "vulnerability model" of moral requirement. The vulnerability model, which has been proposed by Robert Goodin and adapted into a feminist form by Eva Kittay, locates a source of moral requirements in vulnerability. Tessman suggests a revised version of the vulnerability model that makes some assumptions that are contrary to those of Goodin and Kittay: specifically, she defends a vulnerability model that (1) assumes that there is moral luck, and (2) assumes that there are genuine moral dilemmas, and furthermore that (3) rejects the principle that "ought implies can" for vulnerability-responsive moral requirements. This revised vulnerability model illuminates two ways in which inevitable moral failures arise: (1) they arise whenever moral requirements generated from vulnerability conflict with each other or with other moral requirements such that they cannot all/both be satisfied; and (2) they arise whenever the basic needs of others are bottomless, such as in cases where past trauma has rendered a person "unrepairable." Rather than assume that requirements to "protect the vulnerable" or care for dependents are, like deontic moral requirements, limited to what is possible, Tessman contends that moral requirements arising from others' vulnerabilities are not bounded by the possibility of their fulfillment.  Finally, Tessman considers whether her position is subject to the critical claim that morality is "over-demanding," a critique that is often directed at consequentialist ethical theories, namely theories in which the consequences of actions exclusively determine whether or not the actions are morally right. Some consequentialist theories are accused of being over-demanding because they require that moral agents perform those actions that optimize or maximize good consequences. Tessman thinks that there is a non-action-guiding moral requirement that is even more demanding than what has been construed as the over-demanding consequentialist requirement to do one's best. She argues that so-called over-demanding consequentialist theories respond to the wrong problem and that these theories suffer not from demanding too much, but rather from wrongly representing the nature of the demands; Tessman argues for the recognition of impossible moral demands, which, because they are impossible, cannot guide action, and become instead cases of unavoidable moral failure.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

October 12, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Wounded Healer: The Liminal Body and Trauma Narrative in Richard Selzer's Raising the Dead"
Presented by: Jiena Sun, Graduate Fellow with the English Department at Binghamton University
In light of liminality studies, presenter Jiena Sun's dissertation studies the burgeoning field of physician writing, in which medical doctors write about their embodied experiences in medicine. Sun's talk is an excerpt from this project. Sun will use surgeon writer Richard Selzer's Raising the Dead as an example to illustrate the liminal situation of the ailing physician and explore how the recognition of liminality makes healing possible. Selzer's examination of the haunting effects of his traumatic illness experience is positioned within an enigmatic network created together by the narrating-I as the writer, the observing-I as the surgeon and the experiencing-I as the patient. The tension of this triangulated relationship suspends Selzer in a liminal space where his split selves contend, negotiate, and finally collaborate to make the unknowable traumatic experience of coma more accessible. Jiena Sun is Graduate Fellow with the English Department at Binghamton University.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

October 5, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Pagan's Progress: Christian Visual Culture in Early Modern Philippines"
Presented by: Lalaine Little, Graduate Fellow (Art History)
In her dissertation, Lalaine Little considers the multiple roles that visual images played in the transmission of religious culture in and around the Philippine Islands during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. To uniformly inculcate Spanish colonial subjects around the globe with loyalty to the Crown and Church, governors and missionaries commissioned the production of images that engaged the skills of a multi-ethnic group of craftsmen and traders. To see how these objects inform and are simultaneously informed by cultural interaction and exchange that took place along the trade networks, Little considers the influence of Mexico as the geographical and administrative intermediary between the Philippines and Spain. Ambitions to increase trade with China and Japan and the cultural diversity of the missionaries who served in Asia further complicate the interpretation and reception of religious visual culture in the Philippines. Little's discussion in IASH will focus more specifically on representations of Other and what W.H Scott termed, "History of the Inarticulate."
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

September 21, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Predicting Revolutions Through Cinema"
Presented by: Sariel Birnbaum (Visiting Assistant Professor, Judaic Studies at Binghamton University)
In November 2009 Sariel Birnbaum published an article in "East Wind", the e-journal of the Middle East & Islamic Studies Association of Israel under the title "Get ready to the revolution of the hungry in Egypt 2013 ?". The current presentation is intended to revise that former article and thus examine the abilities of cinema to outlook revolutionary future events.  Prof. Birnbaum will include various theories, from S. Kracauer to Israeli authors like Eldad Pardo (Iranian cinema) and Ofer Ashkenazi (GermanWeimarRepubliccinema). And what can (and can't), be applied from these theories about Egyptian Cinema and Revolution. Understanding censorship is crucial. In terms related to censorship,Egyptis a middle-case. Egyptian cinema was never controlled by the government to the level that one can say that every message comes from above, even not when Egyptian cinema was nationalized underNasserregime. In totalitarian countries the control over cinema is absolute, and Nazi Germany and Stalinist USSR are prominent examples. In these two last cases, analyzing prominent films can give us excellent view into the ideas of the leadership, but too little about the views of population. On the other hand, cinema in Egyptnever enjoyed full freedom of expression, like in western democracies.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

September 14, 2011 - To Be Rescheduled
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "The Problem of Global Worldlessness: Competing Care Values in Military Humanitarian Intervention Debates"
Presented by: Jessica Kyle, Graduate Fellow (Philosophy)
Cases of military humanitarian intervention (MHI) suggest that values promoted by an ethic of care at times take center stage in public policy debates, whatever their general political marginalization.  Yet the very appeals to care values used to justify MHI also encourage exceptionalist attitudes toward international law when they hold that the moral urgency of certain humanitarian crises demands unauthorized or otherwise illegal military action.  Kyle considers the extent to which the approaches of two prominent care theorists, Virginia Held and Joan Tronto, can address this issue of legal exceptionalism in name of care.  She argues that both approaches ultimately contribute to what she calls the problem of global worldlessness—the loss or erosion of the relatively recently emergent global space of politics—and she turns to the Arendtian care value of "amor mundi" or care for the world as a potential counterbalance to other care values during policy deliberations. 
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

September 7, 2011
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Individual Responsibilities for Global Justice"
Presented by: Graduate Fellow Jessica Payson of the Philosophy Department at Binghamton University
This talk contrasts Thomas Pogge's and Iris Young's accounts of global justice. While Payson agrees with Pogge's institutional understanding of justice, she disagrees with Pogge's construal of institutions as primary responsible agents. Young's contrasting work on institutional justice serves as a critique of Pogge's position. Institutions, for Young, do not replace the agency of individuals; rather, they provide background conditions for individuals' agency. While both theorists aim to establish responsibilities to promote just institutions, for Young, the responsibilities attach to individuals and are more qualitatively expansive than they are for Pogge. However, because individuals can typically do very little in their everyday lives, Young's account may seem overburdening. Payson wishes, therefore, to add to Young's account by paying attention to individuals' roles in groups. Individuals may incur responsibilities as individuals, but they do not need to fulfill these responsibilities in isolation. In fact, becoming a part of a group can expand individuals' agency, enabling new capabilities and so increasing the range of actions for which individuals can be said to take responsibility. The sorts of responsibilities individuals can undertake as they create and maintain groups can enable individuals to meet more of their responsibilities for global justice and expand the limits of what is possible to demand in terms of institutional change.
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403)

August 31, 2011 
IASH Fellows' Speaker Series: "Kafka and His Readers"
Presented by: Neil Christian Pages, Associate Professor in the Departments of German & Russian Studies and of Comparative Literature at Binghamton University
Franz Kafka (1883-1924) is arguably the most famous writer of German Modernism. His influence has been so great as to inspire an idiom in English (and other languages), the "Kafkaesque." Kafka's life and work continue to inspire contemporary cultural productions, ranging from the graphic/comic work of R.Crumb to the installation art of Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, the musical compositions of Carsten Nicolai and Poul Ruders, the films of Woody Allen, Steven Soderbergh and Michael Haneke, and the literary texts of authors like Jonathan Franzen, Haruki Murakami and J.M. Coetzee. The translation of Kafka's texts provokes heated debates as does the management of his literary and material legacy. From the tourists in Prague's Old Town to the Israeli government to scholarly disciplines and other disciples, diverse constituencies claim and appropriate "Kafka." This presentation will address in broad terms the function of "Kafka" as an object of scholarly and pedagogical investment and consider the way the Kafkan text works in the classroom and beyond.  
12:00 pm, Harpur Dean's Conference Room (LN 2403) 


Spring 2011

May 4, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: "(Un)Common Blood: The Alienation of Rome's Italian Allies 200-87 BCE"
Presented by: Jan Dewitt, IASH Graduate Student Fellow in the Department of Classical and Near Eastern Studies at Binghamton University
This presentation will examine the relationship between Rome and the Italian Allies and the ways in which it changed between the end of the Second Punic War and the Social War.  
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

April 27, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: "Postmemory and Reconciliation in Argentine Postdictatorship"
Presented by: Ana Ros, Assistant Professor in the Romance Languages and Literatures Department at Binghamton University
This presentation explores how the generation of sons and daughters of “disappeared” prisoners, from the last Argentine dictatorship, relate to the idea of reconciliation. “Disappearance” impacted the life of at least three different age groups in society connected to the victims of such act of cruelty: their parents and older relatives, their coetaneous contacts (spouses, friends and comrades) and their children. In fact, many of the 30,000 young “disappeared” men and woman had children who become orphans—without father, mother or both—at a very young age. Following Derrida’s reflections on forgiveness and reconciliation Professor Ros argues that, although forgiveness is impossible for these groups, modes of mourning and reconciliation become easier for the younger ones since they inherited several decades of working though the traumatic events individually and collectively.
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

April 15th-16th, 2011
Crossing the Boundaries: “Conflict”
Cosponsored by IASH, Crossing the Boundaries is an annual interdisciplinary graduate student conference organized by the Art History Graduate Student Organization at Binghamton University who are honored to have as guest keynote speaker Elizabeth Otto, Assistant Professor in the department of Visual Studies at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Professor Otto will give a talk on her recent work for The New Woman International, a forthcoming book which is a collection of essays on representations of New Womanhood as it developed from the late nineteenth through the early twentieth century. As editor and co-author of the text's introduction, Professor Otto's work focuses on the ways in which the concept of the New Woman generated conflicting notions of femininity and how the transgressive nature of this gender construction has informed visual culture, particularly the practices of photography and film. Otto's talk entitled, “The New Woman International: Representations in Photography and Film from the 1870s through the 1960s,” will be presented on Friday, April 15th and will be followed the next day with a faculty keynote talk given by SUNY Binghamton's Thomas McDonough, Associate Professor and Chair of the Art History Department.

April 13, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: “Return Migration to Eastern Anatolia 1890-1908”
Presented by: David Gutman, IASH Graduate Student Fellow in the History Department at Binghamton University
This presentation focuses on the criminalization of return migration, the status of returnees, and the intersection of return migration with questions of citizenship and sovereignty.  
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

April 6, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: "Corruption Politics and Neoliberalism"
Presented by: Leslie Gates, Sociology professor at Binghamton University,
Gates will present on her current research on public support for neoliberal market reforms in Mexico and its relationship to public debates regarding corruption and corporate ethics.
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

March 30, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: "Sedition and the Slave Narrative"
Presented by: Scott Henkel, English professor at Binghamton University
Sedition has traditionally been defined as speech that criticizes the state, but “Sedition and the Slave Narrative” examines instances when it has also been used as a tool to critique economic and racial injustices. Through a reading of the narratives that came out of Nat Turner’s 1831 slave rebellion and the sedition laws passed in its wake, this presentation examines the ways in which the state and the slavocracy attempted to check further rebellions. 
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

March 9, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: "The Animal/Human Divide: Brantôme’s Dames Galantes and the Woman Question"
Presented by: Dora Polachek, Visiting Associate Professor in the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures at Binghamton University
One of the most prolific chroniclers of his time, Brantôme (c.1540-1614) offers us an intimate view of life in the Valois court. With everything filtered through a comic lens, his most well-known work, Vies des dames galantes (Lives of Fair and Gallant Ladies) provides a unique vantage point on all things erotic. It is arguably one of the earliest discourses on female sexuality written from a perspective other than theological or medical. But how is female desire figured when an author’s goal is to elicit laughter? What kind of creature is woman? Dora Polachek’s presentation will have a tri-partite goal: first to examine the narrative techniques that Brantôme mobilizes as he works to offer us a seemingly light-hearted vision of male and female bodies in sexual motion; next, to analyze the animal imagery he deploys so that we can better understand the defining features of a male fantasy of gender-based hierarchical relationships and concomitant issues of power and control; and finally to delve into the undercurrents of anxiety that the preoccupation with the nuts and bolts of male-female erotic encounters reveals.
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

February 23, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: "Judicial Identity and Judicial Choice."
Presented by: Wendy Martinek, professor in the Political Science Department at Binghamton University
The identity of a decision maker affects the decision that is made; so, too, do the identities of those with whom an actor is making a decision. In this presentation, Wendy Martinek focuses on how the individual identities of members of a particular small group -- three-judge panels on the U.S. courts of appeals -- matters for understanding the ultimate decisions made.

10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

February 16, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: “On the Foundations of Platonic Theology.”
Presented by: Lewis Trelawny-Cassity is an IASH Graduate Student Fellow in the Philosophy Department at Binghamton University
Recent accounts of Plato's theology have argued that Plato's Laws presents us with a version of the cosmological argument for the existence of god. My account radically challenges this interpretation by examining how Plato treats empirical evidence for the existence of god. Against recent treads in the scholarship, presenter Lewis Trelawny-Cassity shows how an adequate account of Plato's theology needs to begin from his analysis of the orientation that human beings take towards the world when they act as political and ethical agents.  
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106)

February 9, 2011
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: "Gender and Sexuality in an Anti-AIDS Organization: An Intersectional Perspective."
Presented by: Benita Roth, professor in Binghamton University's Department of Sociology
In this presentation, Benita Roth considers moments of gendered conflict that influenced the trajectory of ACT UP/LA (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power/Los Angeles), an anti-AIDS organization that organized from 1987 to 1997.  Using a feminist intersectional perspective, she argues that the outcomes of organizing cannot be understood without understanding gender dynamics within organizations.
10:00 am, IASH Conference Room (LN 1106) 


Fall 2010

December 6, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series:
Nachtrauer: Lou Andreas-Salome's Rilke Book
In 1928, two years after the death of the poet Rainer Maria Rilke, Lou Andreas-Salome, a writer, critic and one of the first women psychoanalysts who studied with Freud, published a sensitively and intelligently crafted tribute to her beloved friend with whom she had shared a close relationship and a lifelong correspondence. The focus of the presentation is Andreas-Salome’s creation of what could be called a new genre of psycho-biography based on her concept of Nachtrauer (post-mourning), which modifies Freud’s understanding of “mourning” in his seminal essay “Memory and Melancholia” (1915). Nachtrauer brings forth the departed in a new visibility by a unique poetic and subtle writing style and dialogue of a “final being together.” The discussion will include the first translation of the Rilke book by Angela von der Lippe (2004). Presented by Gisela Brinker-Gabler, Professor & Chair of the Comparative Literature Department at Binghamton University.

November 29, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series:
Sergei Prokofiev: Sonata No. 9 and the year 1948
In this presentation, a Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev's Piano Sonata No. 9 and its unusual standing in Soviet cultural politics of 1940s will be discussed. Censorship based on socialist realism as well as the composer's political naivete will be the major part of the presentation, and evidences proving why the music was neglected despite its outstanding content will be discussed. Presented by Jieun Jang, Undergraduate IASH Fellow.

November 22, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series:
The Journalism of Cecília Meireles: Debates on Education in the thirties and forties
Cecília Meireles (1901-1964) is a well known and much admired poet in her native Brazil.  Yet Meireles was also an educator committed to liberal reforms, and a journalist whose forceful and satirical voice was at the center of the public debates on education in the early 1930s.  This presentation focuses on a later phase of her journalism.  In the 1940s, Meireles was responsible for the section on Education of the Rio de Janeiro newspaper A Manhã (Morning), the official newspaper of the dictatorship led by Getúlio Vargas between 1937 and 1945.  A discussion of her journalism in this later period shows that she remains committed to educational reform and her prose has not lost its satirical edge, even if now she avoids criticizing the government directly.  In particular, Meireles remains an intelligent and often very funny advocate of greater equality in the education of boys and girls." Presented by Luiza Moreira Professor/Director of Graduate Studies in the Comparative Literature Department at Binghamton University.

November 8, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series:
The Middle-Grade Civil Servant: Masculinity, Englishness, and James Bond
This talk examines Ian Fleming's James Bond as a threshold masculine figure in an expansive fantasy global setting. As secret agent and professional, Bond emblematizes the ideal of governance that defines both the gentleman and the post-war Welfare state subject. As a “blunt instrument” of the state, Bond’s masculinity, Englishness, and even humanity are repeatedly called into question. Even as he metonymically represents and protects the Janus-faced nation-state, Bond as bureaucratic spy lies outside the boundaries of citizenship. Presented by Praseeda Gopinath, Assistant Professor Department of English at Binghamton University.

November 1, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: Reading Rosenzweig Reading Torah
There are any number of Biblical and Rabbinic texts which modern Jewish thinkers draw upon in support of their own philosophies:  Cohen and Ezekiel and other prophets, Kaplan and Exodus, Buber and Isaiah, Levinas and Talmud.  Rosenzweig’s idiosyncratic choice of Song of Songs exemplifies his approach to theology and his explicit critiques of Idealism, historicism, and 19th century liberal Jewish thought. Presented by Randy L. Friedman, Assistant Professor in the Philosophy and Judaic Studies Departments at Binghamton University.

October 25, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: On Mourning, Inheritance, Arts and Politics: Films by/on Sons and Daughters of Disappeared Prisoners During the Argentine Dictatorship                                                                                                                                         This presentation is part of a larger research project on memory transmission between generations and inheritance of the political past in the Southern Cone. In it, Ana Ros, Assistant Professor in the Romance Languages and Literatures Department at Binghamton University, reflects on how sons and daughters of disappeared prisoners deal with the image of the parents conveyed by the collective memory of human rights associations, how they experience the close connection between national history and personal life, and how they face the challenge of taking their parents' activism as a model in a political context quite different from the sixties.

October 18, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: Agents of Mobility: The Emergence of a Migration Industry in Eastern Anatolia, 1885-1915
This presentation will analyze the various unequal social and economic relationships that resulted from the illegal smuggling of North America-bound migrants from Eastern Anatolia in the late nineteen and early twentieth centuries. Presented by David Gutman,IASH Graduate Student Fellow in the History Department at Binghamton University. 

October 15-16, 2010
Genocide and Collective Memory: Challenging Disciplines, Questioning Approaches
An Interdisciplinary Workshop which will explore the dynamics of commemorative practices and social memory in the wake of genocides. For academics and public policy analysts interested in the study of genocide, the status of commemorative practices, and the relation between these practices and the comparative study of genocide raise a host of difficult questions. Moreover, if the very broad disciplinary terrain that is encompassed by contemporary genocide and holocaust studies is taken into consideration, it becomes clear that memory of genocide is surely not a constellation of questions that can be adequately addressed from within the boundaries of a single discipline. Memory studies is of course not confinable to a single academic discipline, nor to a single area of policy analysis. The goal of this workshop, therefore, is to support a sustained, intensive, and largely unstructured conversation in and across disciplines. Panelists: Daniel Levy, Associate Professor of Sociology at Stony Brook University, The State University of New York; Wulf Kansteiner, Associate Professor of History at Binghamton University; Bat-Ami Bar On, Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies and Director of the Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities at Binghamton University; Max Pensky, Professor of Philosophy at Binghamton University; James E. Waller, Professor and Cohen Chair of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Keene State College (NH). Co-sponsored by The State University of New York’s Conversation in the Disciplines, and the Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities, the Office of the Dean of Harpur College, and the Departments of Philosophy, History, Comparative Literature and Judaic Studies, Binghamton University.
This workshop is open to the public and will be held in Room LN 1324C (Room "C") in the PSPC. Times: October 15, 2010, 12:00 pm-6:00 pm; October 16, 8:30am-5:00pm.

October 15, 2010
Binghamton University’s Art History Department
presents Olubukola Gbádégesin, Consortium for Faculty Diversity Post-Doctoral Fellow, Bowdoin College
Spectacle and Critique in the Portrait Photographs of Yinka Shonibare, Neils Walwin Holm, and the Yoruba Ibeji/Twins
“Emerging scholarship on African arts and culture has just begun to reconsider the potential of early artistic production in conversation with current trends in contemporary art practices and criticism. In this talk, I attempt to push this development further by engaging with varied practices of photographic portraiture from three different time periods and milieus that share connections with Nigeria. Looking at contemporary artist Yinka Shonibare, colonial photographer Neils Walwin Holm, and portraits of Yoruba ibeji/twins, this talk explores how these works converge around ideas of spectacle, materialism, self-reflexivity, and composite techniques. These portraits function as visual rebuttals that critique the notion of representational conservatism that is often dismissively ascribed to the visual arts of the continent and challenge the presumption of aesthetic stagnancy in the trajectories of African art.”
5:15 P.M. in FA-218

October 14, 2010
Diversity and Strong Objectivity in Scientific Research
Binghamton University Graduate Community of Scholars with the help of  Women Studies and Institute of Advanced Studies in Humanities is proud to present Dr. Sandra Harding for the Intersections of Race, Gender, and Science speaker series. Dr. Harding is an American philosopher and Professor in Social Sciences and Comparative Education division at the University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Harding’s research interests are feminist and postcolonial theory, epistemology, research methodology, and the philosophy of science. Over the course of her career, Harding has produced a substantial body of published work including Sciences from Below: Feminisms, Postcolonialities, Modernities, Science and Social Inequality: Feminist and Postcolonial Issues; The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies; Science and Other Cultures: Issues in Philosophies of Science and Technology (coedited with Robert Figueroa);  Is Science Multicultural? Postcolonialisms, Feminisms, and Epistemologies,  Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking from Women’s Lives. Harding was the director of the Center for the Study of Women from 1996 to 1999, and she coedited Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society.  
This event is open to the public and will be held in Room UU 120, 6pm - 7pm.

October 9, 2010
Enigmatic Experiences: Jewish Thinkers and the Holocaust
Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities Discussion
The Holocaust has remained enigmatic - at least in the sense that, despite the fact that there are many ways to explain what happened, we tend to remain dissatisfied and wonder about how it could have happened. This panel will not attempt to resolve the enigma but rather assume it while examining some of the ways a few Jewish thinkers whose lives were directly touched by the rise of Nazism and the Holocaust responded to their needs to make sense of their experiences. Panelists: Ami Bar-On, professor of philosophy and women's studies and director of the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities; Randy Friedman, assistant professor of philosophy and Judaic studies; Max Pensky, professor of philosophy and chair of the philosophy department. 
10:00 - 11:30 am IASH Conference Room, Library Tower, First Floor, Room 1106 (next to elevators)

October 4, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series:
"'A Tale Completed in the Mind': The Theatrical Origin and Recreational Function of Orazio Vecchi's L'Amfiparnaso (1597)." 
Presented by Paul Schleuse, Assistant Professor of Musicology and Director of Undergraduate Studies in Music at Binghamton University. By examining L'Amfiparnaso as a book created and sold for domestic recreational use rather than as a "script" for quasi-theatrical performance, Professor Schleuse will propose a reading of the music, the printed texts, and the highly unusual woodcut illustrations that reveals a plot both more complex and more fragmentary than previously recognized.  This reading will help to reposition Vecchi as an innovative participant in the progressive literary and musical trends of the late cinquecento

September 27, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: “The Messiness of Activist Spaces.” 
In this presentation, Benita Roth, Professor in Binghamton University’s Department of Sociology, will examine how understandings of “grassroots” social movement politics -- past and present -- are changing as we confront what Professor Roth calls an increasingly “messy” conceptual landscape of activist spaces. 

September 24-25, 2010
IASH is co-sponsoring the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies Conference, Negotiating Trade, an interdisciplinary conference exploring institutions that facilitated and accommodated long-distance trade and the globalizing of capital in the medieval and early modern world. For more information, please see the conference webpage.

September 20, 2010
IASH Fellows’ Speaker Series: “Rural Life, Economics, and Women in Chosŏn Korea (1392-1910): Relative Equality and Empowerment in a Confucian Society?” 
This presentation will examine the lives of women in rural Chosŏn Korea in an attempt to uncover the realities of their lives in terms of economic and social equality with males. Presented by Michael J. Pettid, Associate Professor of Premodern Korean Studies in Binghamton University’s Department of Asian and Asian American Studies.

Last Updated: 5/14/19