During the excavations, crews identified five archaeological features.The main feature was identified as the foundation for the farmstead’s residence. Other features include a series of stone steps, a stone lined well, a portion of a stone walkway, and a pit with an indeterminate function. These features provide evidence of the spatial layout of domestic and residential space on the farmstead.

The residential structural foundation consisted of a dry laid stone construction. It measured approximately 7.5 x 12 m (25 x 39 ft). The foundation had no structural presence besides the foundation stones. The foundation appears to have remained open with the household abandonment of the residence. A collection of artifacts from the 20th century was present in the feature. The artifacts in the foundation appear to be associated with a refuse pile from the early to mid-20th century.

 Test Description


A set of cut stone steps was located northeast of the foundation.  The steps were probably associated with the main entrance to the house, but moved during the razing of the structure. The steps measure approximately 2 m (6.5 ft) in length and approximately 30.5 cm (12 in) to 60 cm (24 in).

 Test Description
Steps at Lower Creek road site. 

Stone Steps

A stone-lined well was located approximately east of the foundation. The well consisted of dry laid field stone and measured approximately 1.5 m (5 ft) in diameter. There was little deposition within the well and so the feature was not tested.

 Test Description
Stone wall at Lower Creek road site

Stone Well

During excavations, crews uncovered a series of small, horizontal stones. These stones are believed to represent a stone pathway, possibly connecting the house to the well.

Field crews also identified the remnants of an excavated pit filled with soil and a high concentration of rocks. The pit measured approximately 70 cm (28 in) in diameter at the top and 40 cm (16 in) at the base. It was approximately 60 cm (24 in) in depth. The function of the feature could not be determined, but it appears someone used the surrounding soil to fill in the pit.