The Stratton Mill Creek site is located to the south of NY11 and the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad in the Town of Kirkwood, Broome County, New York. The site is situated on the floodplain and a terrace of the Susquehanna River at its confluence with Stratton Mill Creek. Flanking the Susquehanna River on either side are steep valley walls that rise from a minimum elevation of 259 m (850 ft) ASL at the valley bottom, to a maximum of roughly 518 m (1700 ft) ASL at the summit. The Stratton Mill Creek site is situated in a locale with easy access to a variety of resources, including creeks and rivers and diverse forest/vegetation communities with numerous nut species. The diversity and abundance of these valued natural resources was likely one of the key reasons for repeated use of the site.