Selected References

Public Archaeology Facility Reports

Grills, Sara A. and Andrea Zlotucha Kozub
2010 Cultural Resource Management Report, 2009-2010 Highway Program, Data Recovery of the Baldwin Site (SUBi-1742, NYSM 10502), PIN 6066.58.123, Route 17 Town of Ashland, Chemung County, New York, MCD 01501, 97PR2362. Public Archaeology Facility: Binghamton, New York.

Hohman, Christopher, Diana Loren, and Jessie Ravage
1997 Cultural Resource Reconnaissance Survey, 1997 Highway Program, PIN 6066.41.122, NYS Route 17 Access, Town of Ashland and Hamlet of Lowman, Chemung County, New York. Public Archaeology Facility: Binghamton, New York.

Knapp, Timothy D., Sara Grills, Andrea Zlotucha Kozub, Bob Wurst, and Barb Ross
2003a Cultural Resource Management Report, 2002-2003 Highway Program, Site Examinations For: Monument Entrance (SUBi-2204, NYSM #11213), Riverside Cemetery (SUBi-1760, NYSM #10570), Horseheads Topsoil Mine Locus 1 (SUBi-1761, NYSM #10571), Horseheads Topsoil Mine Locus 2 (SUBi-1762, NYSM #10572), Knapp (SUBi-2203, NYSM #11214), Bungalow (SUBi-1766, NYSM #10577), and Baldwin (SUBi- 1742, NYSM #10502), PIN 6066.58.123, NY Route 17 Access, Towns of Ashland and Chemung, Chemung County, New York. Public Archaeology Facility: Binghamton, NY.

History and Historical Archaeology

American State Papers
1792 American State Papers, Indian Affairs, March 3, 1789 to March 3, 1815, vol. 1.

Boardman, Fon W.,Jr.
1978 Against the Iroquois: The Sullivan Campaign of 1779 in New York State. Henry Z. Walck, Inc. New York.

Faulkner, Charles H.
2004 Moved Buildings: A Hidden Factor in the Archaeology of the Built Environment. Historical Archaeology 38(2):55-67.

Flick, A.C.
1929 The Sullivan-Clinton Campaign of 1779: Chronology and Selected Documents. State University of New York: Albany, New York.

Graymont, Barbara
1972 The Iroquois in the American Revolution. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York.

Hart, John P. and Charles L. Fisher (eds)
2000 Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Domestic Site Archaeology in New York State. New York State Museum Press, Albany, NY.

Jordan, Terry G. and Matti Kaups
1989 The American Backwoods Frontier: An Ethnic and Ecological Interpretation. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

Kniffen, Fred and Henry Glassie
1966 Building in Wood in the Eastern United States: A Time-Place Perspective. Geographical Review 56(1):40-66.

Lowman, Seymour
1938 The Lowmans in Chemung County. Seymour Lowman, Elmira, NY.

Prucha, Francis Paul
1962 American Indian Policy in the Formative Years: The Indian Trade and Intercourse Acts 1790-1834. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Sopko, Joseph
2000 Farmstead Archaeology and the Impact of Agrarian Change at Three Site in Eastern New York State. In Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Domestic Site Archaeology in New York State. New York State Museum Press, Albany, NY.

Tishler, William H.
1978 The Site Arrangement of Rural Farmsteads. In Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology, Vol 10 (1):63-78.

Towner, Ausburn
1892 Our County and its People: A History of the Valley and County of Chemung from the Closing Years of the Eighteenth Century. D. Mason & Co., Syracuse, New York.

Trewartha, Glenn T.
1948 Some Regional Characteristics of American Farmsteads. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 38(3):169-225.

Wright, Albert H.
1943 The Sullivan Expedition of 1779, Contemporary Newspaper Comment and Letters: Part III. Battle of Newtown, Genesee--Return. A.H. Wright, Ithaca, New York.

Artifact Analysis

Barber, John L.
1987 The Rimfire Cartridge in the United States & Canada. Armory Publications, Tacoma, WA.

Barnes, Frank C.
1972 Cartridges of the World. Follett, Chicago, IL.

Blackmore, Howard L.
1971 Hunting Weapons. Walker & Company, New York, NY.

Kenmotsu, Nancy
1990 Gunflints: A Study. Historical Archaeology 24(2):92-124.

Kent, Barry C.
1983 More on Gunflints. Historical Archaeology 17(2): 27-40.

Kidd, Kenneth E. and Martha Ann Kidd
1970 A Classification System for Glass Beads for the Use of Field Archaeologists. In Canadian Historic Sites, pp. 45-89. Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History, No. 1. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Mayer, Joseph Ralph
1943 Flint Locks of the Iroquois, 1620-1687. Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences, Rochester, NY.

Shuey, Daniel L.
1999 W.R.A.Co. Headstamped Cartridges and Their Variations. Vol. II and I. WCF Publications, Rockford, IL.

Silver, I. A.
1969 The Ageing of Domestic Animals. In Science in Archaeology, ed. D. Brothwell and E. Higgs. Thames and Hudson, Bristol, UK.

Suydam, Charles R.
1960 The American Cartridge. G. H. Lawrence, Santa Ana, CA.

Thomas, James E. & Dean S.
1996 A Handbook of Civil War Bullets & Cartridges. Thomas Publications, Gettysburg, PA.


Beers, F.W.
1869 Atlas of Chemung County, New York.

Rea and Trimble
1853 Map of Chemung County, New York.

United States Geological Survey
1902 Waverly, NY Quadrangle Map.
1969 Wellsburg, NY-PA Quadrangle Map. 


The web site for the Baldwin Site project was created from investigations and reports conducted by the Public Archaeology Facility located at Binghamton University. PAF shares its findings with the community as a part of its ongoing commitment to the practice of public archaeology. Through hands-on programs, public presentations, exhibits, websites, and published materials, PAF works to engage the non-academic community in its endeavors.

Public Archaeology Facility
State University of New York at Binghamton
P.O. Box 6000
Binghamton, NY 13902
(607) 777-4786

Nina Versaggi, Ph.D., RPA, Director, PAF/Principal Investigator
Christopher Hohman, MA, RPA, Assistant Director, PAF
Sara A. Grills, MA, Project Director/Co-Author of Baldwin Site report

Original Report and Conversion to Web-Friendly Data by Andrea Zlotucha Kozub, MA