environmental context

The Denton Reed II site is located within the glaciated Appalachian Plateau on a valley moraine landform highlighting a number of unique glacial micro-topographies. This unique landscape may have been highly targeted and utilized during certain periods by precontact groups. The Denton Reed II site is situated on a high gravelly terrace of Chenango type soils at least 30 m (100 ft) above the Susquehanna, near its confluence with Sand Hill Creek. The creek originates in the uplands on a drainage divide separating the Unadilla Valley from the Susquehanna Valley. Indian Creek merges with Sand Hill Creek about 1 km (0.6 mi) north of the site. On the south side of the Susquehanna River, directly opposite the site, is a series of glacial eskers that surround a kettle bog (Funk 1998:414). These glacial features are the remnants of the terminal moraine that once plugged the valley. Current landforms within and near the site reflect these glacial events, and include till and outwash plains and terraces, and lacustrine (lake-lain) deposits at the edges of the moraine (Funk 1998:393).

Contour Model

Contour Model for the Well Bridge moraine topographic features